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authorBernhard Reutner-Fischer <rep.dot.nop@gmail.com>2010-12-01 18:29:26 (GMT)
committer Bernhard Reutner-Fischer <rep.dot.nop@gmail.com>2010-12-01 18:29:26 (GMT)
commit61c84e33f2007099d2a25fde2f32e888995fb6f9 (patch)
tree2d628114a75cf67eb22b252aead0effb7698eb3e
parent22b3c75462087be4c9d88243de66d02aa8806248 (diff)
downloadbusybox-website-61c84e33f2007099d2a25fde2f32e888995fb6f9.tar.gz
busybox-website-61c84e33f2007099d2a25fde2f32e888995fb6f9.tar.bz2
regenerate from busybox-1.18.0
Signed-off-by: Bernhard Reutner-Fischer <rep.dot.nop@gmail.com>
-rw-r--r--BusyBox.html4772
1 files changed, 1690 insertions, 3082 deletions
diff --git a/BusyBox.html b/BusyBox.html
index 50ab4dc..1d9bd6d 100644
--- a/BusyBox.html
+++ b/BusyBox.html
@@ -1,14 +1,18 @@
+<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<title>BusyBox - The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux</title>
-<link rev="made" href="mailto:root@quasar.local.net" />
+<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+<link rev="made" href="mailto:root@localhost" />
</head>
<body style="background-color: white">
-<p><a name="__index__"></a></p>
+
<!-- INDEX BEGIN -->
+<div name="index">
+<p><a name="__index__"></a></p>
<!--
<ul>
@@ -24,7 +28,11 @@
<li><a href="#maintainer">MAINTAINER</a></li>
<li><a href="#authors">AUTHORS</a></li>
</ul>
+
-->
+
+
+</div>
<!-- INDEX END -->
<p>
@@ -106,101 +114,94 @@ been enabled, more detailed usage information will also be available.</p>
<h1><a name="commands">COMMANDS</a></h1>
<p>Currently available applets include:</p>
<pre>
- [, [[, acpid, addgroup, adduser, adjtimex, ar, arp, arping, ash,
- awk, basename, beep, blkid, brctl, bunzip2, bzcat, bzip2, cal, cat,
- catv, chat, chattr, chgrp, chmod, chown, chpasswd, chpst, chroot,
- chrt, chvt, cksum, clear, cmp, comm, cp, cpio, crond, crontab,
- cryptpw, cttyhack, cut, date, dc, dd, deallocvt, delgroup, deluser,
- depmod, devmem, df, dhcprelay, diff, dirname, dmesg, dnsd,
- dnsdomainname, dos2unix, dpkg, du, dumpkmap, dumpleases, echo, ed,
- egrep, eject, env, envdir, envuidgid, expand, expr, fakeidentd,
- false, fbset, fbsplash, fdflush, fdformat, fdisk, fgrep, find,
- findfs, flash_eraseall, flash_lock, flash_unlock, flashcp, fold,
- free, freeramdisk, fsck, fsck.minix, fsync, ftpd, ftpget, ftpput,
- fuser, getopt, getty, grep, gunzip, gzip, halt, hd, hdparm, head,
- hexdump, hostid, hostname, httpd, hush, hwclock, id, ifconfig,
- ifenslave, ifplugd, inetd, init, inotifyd, insmod, install, ionice,
- ip, ipaddr, ipcalc, ipcrm, ipcs, iplink, iproute, iprule, iptunnel,
+ [, [[, acpid, add-shell, addgroup, adduser, adjtimex, ar, arp,
+ arping, awk, base64, basename, bbconfig, beep, blkid, blockdev,
+ bootchartd, brctl, bunzip2, bzcat, bzip2, cal, cat, catv, chat,
+ chattr, chgrp, chmod, chown, chpasswd, chpst, chroot, chrt, chvt,
+ cksum, clear, cmp, comm, conspy, cp, cpio, crond, crontab, cryptpw,
+ cttyhack, cut, date, dc, dd, deallocvt, delgroup, deluser, depmod,
+ devfsd, devmem, df, dhcprelay, diff, dirname, dmesg, dnsd,
+ dnsdomainname, dos2unix, dpkg, dpkg-deb, du, dumpkmap, dumpleases,
+ echo, ed, egrep, eject, env, envdir, envuidgid, ether-wake, expand,
+ expr, fakeidentd, false, fbset, fbsplash, fdflush, fdformat, fdisk,
+ fgconsole, fgrep, find, findfs, flash_eraseall, flash_lock,
+ flash_unlock, flashcp, flock, fold, free, freeramdisk, fsck,
+ fsck.minix, fsync, ftpd, ftpget, ftpput, fuser, getopt, getty, grep,
+ gunzip, gzip, halt, hd, hdparm, head, hexdump, hostid, hostname,
+ httpd, hush, hwclock, id, ifconfig, ifdown, ifenslave, ifplugd,
+ ifup, inetd, init, inotifyd, insmod, install, ionice, iostat, ip,
+ ipaddr, ipcalc, ipcrm, ipcs, iplink, iproute, iprule, iptunnel,
kbd_mode, kill, killall, killall5, klogd, last, length, less,
linux32, linux64, linuxrc, ln, loadfont, loadkmap, logger, login,
logname, logread, losetup, lpd, lpq, lpr, ls, lsattr, lsmod, lspci,
- lsusb, lzmacat, lzop, lzopcat, makedevs, makemime, man, md5sum,
+ lsusb, lzcat, lzma, lzop, lzopcat, makedevs, makemime, man, md5sum,
mdev, mesg, microcom, mkdir, mkdosfs, mke2fs, mkfifo, mkfs.ext2,
mkfs.minix, mkfs.reiser, mkfs.vfat, mknod, mkpasswd, mkswap, mktemp,
- modprobe, more, mount, mountpoint, mt, mv, nameif, nc, netstat,
- nice, nmeter, nohup, ntpd, od, openvt, passwd, patch, pgrep, pidof,
- ping, ping6, pipe_progress, pivot_root, pkill, popmaildir, poweroff,
- printenv, printf, ps, pscan, pwd, raidautorun, rdate, rdev,
- readlink, readprofile, realpath, reboot, reformime, renice, reset,
- resize, rm, rmdir, rmmod, route, rpm, rpm2cpio, rtcwake, run-parts,
- runlevel, runsv, runsvdir, rx, script, scriptreplay, sed, sendmail,
- seq, setarch, setconsole, setfont, setkeycodes, setlogcons, setsid,
+ modinfo, modprobe, more, mount, mountpoint, mpstat, msh, mt, mv,
+ nameif, nanddump, nandwrite, nbd-client, nc, netstat, nice, nmeter,
+ nohup, nslookup, ntpd, od, openvt, passwd, patch, pgrep, pidof,
+ ping, ping6, pipe_progress, pivot_root, pkill, pmap, popmaildir,
+ poweroff, powertop, printenv, printf, ps, pscan, pwd, raidautorun,
+ rdate, rdev, readahead, readlink, readprofile, realpath, reboot,
+ reformime, remove-shell, renice, reset, resize, rev, rfkill, rm,
+ rmdir, rmmod, route, rpm, rpm2cpio, rtcwake, run-parts, runlevel,
+ runsv, runsvdir, rx, script, scriptreplay, sed, sendmail, seq,
+ setarch, setconsole, setfont, setkeycodes, setlogcons, setsid,
setuidgid, sh, sha1sum, sha256sum, sha512sum, showkey, slattach,
- sleep, softlimit, sort, split, start-stop-daemon, stat, strings,
- stty, su, sulogin, sum, sv, svlogd, swapoff, swapon, switch_root,
- sync, sysctl, syslogd, tac, tail, tar, taskset, tcpsvd, tee, telnet,
- telnetd, test, tftp, tftpd, time, timeout, top, touch, tr,
- traceroute, traceroute6, true, tty, ttysize, tunctl, tune2fs,
- udhcpc, udhcpd, udpsvd, umount, uname, uncompress, unexpand, uniq,
- unix2dos, unlzma, unlzop, unzip, uptime, usleep, uudecode, uuencode,
- vconfig, vi, vlock, volname, wall, watch, watchdog, wc, wget, which,
- who, whoami, xargs, yes, zcat, zcip</pre>
+ sleep, smemcap, softlimit, sort, split, start-stop-daemon, stat,
+ strings, stty, su, sulogin, sum, sv, svlogd, swapoff, swapon,
+ switch_root, sync, sysctl, syslogd, tac, tail, tar, taskset, tcpsvd,
+ tee, telnet, telnetd, test, tftp, tftpd, time, timeout, top, touch,
+ tr, traceroute, traceroute6, true, tty, ttysize, tunctl, tune2fs,
+ ubiattach, ubidetach, udhcpc, udhcpd, udpsvd, umount, uname,
+ uncompress, unexpand, uniq, unix2dos, unlzma, unlzop, unxz, unzip,
+ uptime, usleep, uudecode, uuencode, vconfig, vi, vlock, volname,
+ wall, watch, watchdog, wc, wget, which, who, whoami, xargs, xz,
+ xzcat, yes, zcat, zcip</pre>
<p>
</p>
<hr />
<h1><a name="command_descriptions">COMMAND DESCRIPTIONS</a></h1>
<dl>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_acpid"><strong>acpid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-acpid [-d] [-c CONFDIR] [-l LOGFILE] [-e PROC_EVENT_FILE] [EVDEV_EVENT_FILE...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="acpid" class="item"><strong>acpid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>acpid [-d] [-c CONFDIR] [-l LOGFILE] [-a ACTIONFILE] [-M MAPFILE] [-e PROC_EVENT_FILE] [-p PIDFILE]</p>
<p>Listen to ACPI events and spawn specific helpers on event arrival</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -d Don't daemonize, log to stderr
-c DIR Config directory [/etc/acpi]
+ -d Don't daemonize, (implies -f)
-e FILE /proc event file [/proc/acpi/event]
- -l FILE Log file [/var/log/acpid]</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+ -f Run in foreground
+ -l FILE Log file [/var/log/acpid.log]
+ -p FILE Pid file [/var/run/acpid.pid]
+ -a FILE Action file [/etc/acpid.conf]
+ -M FILE Map file [/etc/acpi.map]</pre>
<p>Accept and ignore compatibility options -g -m -s -S -v</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_addgroup"><strong>addgroup</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="add_shell" class="item"><strong>add-shell</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-addgroup [-g GID] [user_name] group_name
+<p>add-shell SHELL...</p>
+<p>Add SHELLs to /etc/shells</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="addgroup" class="item"><strong>addgroup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>addgroup [-g GID] [USER] GROUP</p>
<p>Add a group or add a user to a group</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-g GID Group id
-S Create a system group</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_adduser"><strong>adduser</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-adduser [OPTIONS] user_name
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="adduser" class="item"><strong>adduser</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>adduser [OPTIONS] USER</p>
<p>Add a user</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-h DIR Home directory
-g GECOS GECOS field
@@ -211,40 +212,26 @@ adduser [OPTIONS] user_name
-H Don't create home directory
-u UID User id</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_adjtimex"><strong>adjtimex</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-adjtimex [-q] [-o offset] [-f frequency] [-p timeconstant] [-t tick]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Read and optionally set system timebase parameters. See adjtimex(2).</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="adjtimex" class="item"><strong>adjtimex</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>adjtimex [-q] [-o OFF] [-f FREQ] [-p TCONST] [-t TICK]</p>
+<p>Read and optionally set system timebase parameters. See <a href="#adjtimex"><code>adjtimex(2)</code></a></p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -q Quiet
- -o offset Time offset, microseconds
- -f frequency Frequency adjust, integer kernel units (65536 is 1ppm)
- (positive values make clock run faster)
- -t tick Microseconds per tick, usually 10000
- -p timeconstant</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ar"><strong>ar</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ar [-o] [-v] [-p] [-t] [-x] ARCHIVE FILES
+ -q Quiet
+ -o OFF Time offset, microseconds
+ -f FREQ Frequency adjust, integer kernel units (65536 is 1ppm)
+ (positive values make clock run faster)
+ -t TICK Microseconds per tick, usually 10000
+ -p TCONST</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ar" class="item"><strong>ar</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ar [-o] [-v] [-p] [-t] [-x] ARCHIVE FILES</p>
<p>Extract or list FILES from an ar archive</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-o Preserve original dates
-p Extract to stdout
@@ -252,24 +239,17 @@ ar [-o] [-v] [-p] [-t] [-x] ARCHIVE FILES
-x Extract
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_arp"><strong>arp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>arp
-<tr><td>[-vn]<td>[-H type] [-i if] -a [hostname]
-<tr><td>[-v]<td> [-i if] -d hostname [pub]
-<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H type] [-i if] -s hostname hw_addr [temp]
-<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H type] [-i if] -s hostname hw_addr [netmask nm] pub
-<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H type] [-i if] -Ds hostname ifa [netmask nm] pub</table>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="arp" class="item"><strong>arp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>arp
+<tr><td>[-vn]<td>[-H HWTYPE] [-i IF] -a [HOSTNAME]
+<tr><td>[-v]<td> [-i IF] -d HOSTNAME [pub]
+<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H HWTYPE] [-i IF] -s HOSTNAME HWADDR [temp]
+<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H HWTYPE] [-i IF] -s HOSTNAME HWADDR [netmask MASK] pub
+<tr><td>[-v]<td>[-H HWTYPE] [-i IF] -Ds HOSTNAME IFACE [netmask MASK] pub</table></p>
<p>Manipulate ARP cache</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Display (all) hosts
-s Set new ARP entry
@@ -278,22 +258,15 @@ ar [-o] [-v] [-p] [-t] [-x] ARCHIVE FILES
-n Don't resolve names
-i IF Network interface
-D Read &lt;hwaddr&gt; from given device
- -A, -p AF Protocol family
+ -A,-p AF Protocol family
-H HWTYPE Hardware address type</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_arping"><strong>arping</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-arping [-fqbDUA] [-c count] [-w timeout] [-I dev] [-s sender] target
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="arping" class="item"><strong>arping</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>arping [-fqbDUA] [-c CNT] [-w TIMEOUT] [-I IFACE] [-s SRC_IP] DST_IP</p>
<p>Send ARP requests/replies</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Quit on first ARP reply
-q Quiet
@@ -302,45 +275,47 @@ arping [-fqbDUA] [-c count] [-w timeout] [-I dev] [-s sender] target
-U Unsolicited ARP mode, update your neighbors
-A ARP answer mode, update your neighbors
-c N Stop after sending N ARP requests
- -w timeout Time to wait for ARP reply, in seconds
- -I dev Interface to use (default eth0)
- -s sender Sender IP address
- target Target IP address</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_awk"><strong>awk</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-awk [OPTIONS] [AWK_PROGRAM] [FILE]...
+ -w TIMEOUT Time to wait for ARP reply, seconds
+ -I IFACE Interface to use (default eth0)
+ -s SRC_IP Sender IP address
+ DST_IP Target IP address</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="awk" class="item"><strong>awk</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>awk [OPTIONS] [AWK_PROGRAM] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v VAR=VAL Set variable
-F SEP Use SEP as field separator
-f FILE Read program from FILE</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_basename"><strong>basename</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="base64" class="item"><strong>base64</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-basename FILE [SUFFIX]
+<p>base64 [-d] [FILE]</p>
+<p>Base64 encode or decode FILE to standard output
+Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -d Decode data</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="basename" class="item"><strong>basename</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>basename FILE [SUFFIX]</p>
<p>Strip directory path and .SUFFIX from FILE</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_beep"><strong>beep</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="bbconfig" class="item"><strong>bbconfig</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-beep -f FREQ -l LEN -d DELAY -r COUNT -n
+<p>bbconfig</p>
+<p>Print the config file used by busybox build</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="beep" class="item"><strong>beep</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>beep -f FREQ -l LEN -d DELAY -r COUNT -n</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Frequency in Hz
-l Length in ms
@@ -348,28 +323,46 @@ beep -f FREQ -l LEN -d DELAY -r COUNT -n
-r Repetitions
-n Start new tone</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_blkid"><strong>blkid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-blkid
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="blkid" class="item"><strong>blkid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>blkid</p>
<p>Print UUIDs of all filesystems</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_brctl"><strong>brctl</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="blockdev" class="item"><strong>blockdev</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-brctl COMMAND [BRIDGE [INTERFACE]]
+<p>blockdev OPTION BLOCKDEV</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ --setro Set ro
+ --setrw Set rw
+ --getro Get ro
+ --getss Get sector size
+ --getbsz Get block size
+ --setbsz BYTES Set block size
+ --getsize Get device size in 512-byte sectors
+ --getsize64 Get device size in bytes
+ --flushbufs Flush buffers
+ --rereadpt Reread partition table</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="bootchartd" class="item"><strong>bootchartd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Manage ethernet bridges</p>
+<p>bootchartd start [PROG ARGS]|stop|init</p>
+<p>Create /var/log/bootchart.tgz with boot chart data</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<p>start: start background logging; with PROG, run PROG, then kill logging with USR1
+stop: send USR1 to all bootchartd processes
+init: start background logging; stop when getty/xdm is seen (for init scripts)
+Under PID 1: as init, then exec $bootchart_init, /init, /sbin/init</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="brctl" class="item"><strong>brctl</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>brctl COMMAND [BRIDGE [INTERFACE]]</p>
+<p>Manage ethernet bridges</p>
<p>Commands:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
show Show a list of bridges
addbr BRIDGE Create BRIDGE
@@ -383,136 +376,83 @@ brctl COMMAND [BRIDGE [INTERFACE]]
setpathcost BRIDGE COST Set path cost
setportprio BRIDGE PRIO Set port priority
setbridgeprio BRIDGE PRIO Set bridge priority
- stp BRIDGE [1|0] STP on/off</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_bunzip2"><strong>bunzip2</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-bunzip2 [OPTIONS] [FILE]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Uncompress FILE (or standard input)</p>
+ stp BRIDGE [1/yes/on|0/no/off] STP on/off</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="bunzip2" class="item"><strong>bunzip2</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>bunzip2 [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILEs (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_bzcat"><strong>bzcat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-bzcat FILE
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Uncompress to stdout</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_bzip2"><strong>bzip2</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-bzip2 [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="bzcat" class="item"><strong>bzcat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Compress FILEs (or standard input) with bzip2 algorithm.</p>
+<p>bzcat FILE</p>
+<p>Decompress to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="bzip2" class="item"><strong>bzip2</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>bzip2 [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Compress FILEs (or stdin) with bzip2 algorithm</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -1..9 Compression level
-d Decompress
- -f Force
- -1..-9 Compression level</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cal"><strong>cal</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cal [-jy] [[month] year]
+ -c Write to stdout
+ -f Force</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cal" class="item"><strong>cal</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cal [-jy] [[MONTH] YEAR]</p>
<p>Display a calendar</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-j Use julian dates
-y Display the entire year</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cat"><strong>cat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cat [-u] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cat" class="item"><strong>cat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cat [FILE]...</p>
<p>Concatenate FILEs and print them to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="catv" class="item"><strong>catv</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<pre>
- -u Use unbuffered i/o (ignored)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_catv"><strong>catv</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-catv [-etv] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<p>catv [-etv] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Display nonprinting characters as ^x or M-x</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-e End each line with $
-t Show tabs as ^I
-v Don't use ^x or M-x escapes</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chat"><strong>chat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chat EXPECT [SEND [EXPECT [SEND...]]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chat" class="item"><strong>chat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chat EXPECT [SEND [EXPECT [SEND...]]]</p>
<p>Useful for interacting with a modem connected to stdin/stdout.
-A script consists of one or more ``expect-send'' pairs of strings,
+A script consists of one or more &quot;expect-send&quot; pairs of strings,
each pair is a pair of arguments. Example:
chat '' ATZ OK ATD123456 CONNECT '' ogin: pppuser word: ppppass '~'</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chattr"><strong>chattr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chattr [-R] [-+=AacDdijsStTu] [-v VERSION] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chattr" class="item"><strong>chattr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chattr [-R] [-+=AacDdijsStTu] [-v VERSION] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Change file attributes on an ext2 fs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Modifiers:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- Remove attributes
+ Add attributes
= Set attributes
Attributes:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
A Don't track atime
a Append mode only
@@ -526,25 +466,16 @@ Attributes:</pre>
t Disable tail-merging of partial blocks with other files
u Allow file to be undeleted
Options:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -R Recursively list subdirectories
+ -R Recurse
-v Set the file's version/generation number</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chgrp"><strong>chgrp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chgrp [-RhLHPcvf]... GROUP FILE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chgrp" class="item"><strong>chgrp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chgrp [-RhLHPcvf]... GROUP FILE...</p>
<p>Change the group membership of each FILE to GROUP</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-R Recurse
-h Affect symlinks instead of symlink targets
@@ -555,39 +486,25 @@ chgrp [-RhLHPcvf]... GROUP FILE...
-v Verbose
-f Hide errors</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chmod"><strong>chmod</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chmod [-Rcvf] MODE[,MODE]... FILE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chmod" class="item"><strong>chmod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chmod [-Rcvf] MODE[,MODE]... FILE...</p>
<p>Each MODE is one or more of the letters ugoa, one of the
symbols +-= and one or more of the letters rwxst</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-R Recurse
-c List changed files
-v List all files
-f Hide errors</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chown"><strong>chown</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chown [-RhLHPcvf]... OWNER[&lt;.|:&gt;[GROUP]] FILE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chown" class="item"><strong>chown</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chown [-RhLHPcvf]... OWNER[&lt;.|:&gt;[GROUP]] FILE...</p>
<p>Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-R Recurse
-h Affect symlinks instead of symlink targets
@@ -598,38 +515,24 @@ chown [-RhLHPcvf]... OWNER[&lt;.|:&gt;[GROUP]] FILE...
-v List all files
-f Hide errors</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chpasswd"><strong>chpasswd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chpasswd [--md5|--encrypted]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chpasswd" class="item"><strong>chpasswd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chpasswd [--md5|--encrypted]</p>
<p>Read user:password from stdin and update /etc/passwd</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-e,--encrypted Supplied passwords are in encrypted form
-m,--md5 Use MD5 encryption instead of DES</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chpst"><strong>chpst</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="chpst" class="item"><strong>chpst</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>chpst [-vP012] [-u USER[:GRP]] [-U USER[:GRP]] [-e DIR]
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>chpst [-vP012] [-u USER[:GRP]] [-U USER[:GRP]] [-e DIR]
<tr><td><td>[-/ DIR] [-n NICE] [-m BYTES] [-d BYTES] [-o N]
-<tr><td><td>[-p N] [-f BYTES] [-c BYTES] PROG ARGS</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Change the process state and run PROG</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>[-p N] [-f BYTES] [-c BYTES] PROG ARGS</table></p>
+<p>Change the process state, run PROG</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-u USER[:GRP] Set uid and gid
-U USER[:GRP] Set $UID and $GID in environment
@@ -645,147 +548,116 @@ chpasswd [--md5|--encrypted]
-c BYTES Limit core file size
-v Verbose
-P Create new process group
- -0 Close standard input
- -1 Close standard output
- -2 Close standard error</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chroot"><strong>chroot</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chroot NEWROOT [PROG [ARGS]]
+ -0 Close stdin
+ -1 Close stdout
+ -2 Close stderr</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chroot" class="item"><strong>chroot</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chroot NEWROOT [PROG ARGS]</p>
<p>Run PROG with root directory set to NEWROOT</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chrt"><strong>chrt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chrt [OPTIONS] [PRIO] [PID | PROG [ARGS]]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Manipulate real-time attributes of a process</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chrt" class="item"><strong>chrt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chrt [-prfom] [PRIO] [PID | PROG ARGS]</p>
+<p>Change scheduling priority and class for a process</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -p Operate on pid
- -r Set scheduling policy to SCHED_RR
- -f Set scheduling policy to SCHED_FIFO
- -o Set scheduling policy to SCHED_OTHER
- -m Show min and max priorities</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_chvt"><strong>chvt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-chvt N
+ -p Operate on PID
+ -r Set SCHED_RR class
+ -f Set SCHED_FIFO class
+ -o Set SCHED_OTHER class
+ -m Show min/max priorities</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="chvt" class="item"><strong>chvt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>chvt N</p>
<p>Change the foreground virtual terminal to /dev/ttyN</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cksum"><strong>cksum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cksum FILES...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cksum" class="item"><strong>cksum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cksum FILES...</p>
<p>Calculate the CRC32 checksums of FILES</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_clear"><strong>clear</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-clear
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="clear" class="item"><strong>clear</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>clear</p>
<p>Clear screen</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cmp"><strong>cmp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cmp [-l] [-s] FILE1 [FILE2 [SKIP1 [SKIP2]]]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Compares FILE1 vs stdin if FILE2 is not specified</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cmp" class="item"><strong>cmp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cmp [-l] [-s] FILE1 [FILE2 [SKIP1 [SKIP2]]]</p>
+<p>Compare FILE1 with FILE2 (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l Write the byte numbers (decimal) and values (octal)
for all differing bytes
-s Quiet</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_comm"><strong>comm</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-comm [-123] FILE1 FILE2
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Compare FILE1 to FILE2, or to stdin if - is specified</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="comm" class="item"><strong>comm</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>comm [-123] FILE1 FILE2</p>
+<p>Compare FILE1 with FILE2</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-1 Suppress lines unique to FILE1
-2 Suppress lines unique to FILE2
-3 Suppress lines common to both files</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cp"><strong>cp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cp [OPTIONS] SOURCE DEST
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple <code>SOURCE(s)</code> to DIRECTORY</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="conspy" class="item"><strong>conspy</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>conspy [-vcsndf] [-x COL] [-y LINE] [CONSOLE_NO]</p>
+<p>A text-mode VNC like program for Linux virtual consoles.
+To exit, quickly press ESC 3 times.</p>
<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -v Don't send keystrokes to the console
+ -c Create missing devices in /dev
+ -s Open a SHELL session
+ -n Black &amp; white
+ -d Dump console to stdout
+ -f Follow cursor
+ -x COL Starting column
+ -y LINE Starting line</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cp" class="item"><strong>cp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cp [OPTIONS] SOURCE DEST</p>
+<p>Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
-a Same as -dpR
- -d,-P Preserve links
- -H,-L Dereference all symlinks (default)
+ -R,-r Recurse
+ -d,-P Preserve symlinks (default if -R)
+ -L Follow all symlinks
+ -H Follow symlinks on command line
-p Preserve file attributes if possible
- -f Force overwrite
+ -f Overwrite
-i Prompt before overwrite
- -R,-r Recurse
-l,-s Create (sym)links</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cpio"><strong>cpio</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cpio [-dmvu] [-F FILE] [-H newc] [-tio] [-p DIR]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cpio" class="item"><strong>cpio</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cpio [-dmvu] [-F FILE] [-H newc] [-tio] [-p DIR]</p>
<p>Extract or list files from a cpio archive, or
-create an archive (-o) or copy files (-p) using file list on standard input</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+create an archive (-o) or copy files (-p) using file list on stdin</p>
<p>Main operation mode:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-t List
-i Extract
-o Create (requires -H newc)
-p DIR Copy files to DIR
Options:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Make leading directories
-m Preserve mtime
@@ -794,13 +666,10 @@ Options:</pre>
-F FILE Input (-t,-i,-p) or output (-o) file
-H newc Archive format</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_crond"><strong>crond</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-crond -fbS -l N -d N -L LOGFILE -c DIR
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="crond" class="item"><strong>crond</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>crond -fbS -l N -d N -L LOGFILE -c DIR</p>
<pre>
-f Foreground
-b Background (default)
@@ -810,13 +679,10 @@ crond -fbS -l N -d N -L LOGFILE -c DIR
-L Log to file
-c Working dir</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_crontab"><strong>crontab</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-crontab [-c DIR] [-u USER] [-ler]|[FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="crontab" class="item"><strong>crontab</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>crontab [-c DIR] [-u USER] [-ler]|[FILE]</p>
<pre>
-c Crontab directory
-u User
@@ -825,37 +691,36 @@ crontab [-c DIR] [-u USER] [-ler]|[FILE]
-r Delete crontab
FILE Replace crontab by FILE ('-': stdin)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cryptpw"><strong>cryptpw</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cryptpw [OPTIONS] [PASSWORD] [SALT]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cryptpw" class="item"><strong>cryptpw</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cryptpw [OPTIONS] [PASSWORD] [SALT]</p>
<p>Crypt the PASSWORD using <code>crypt(3)</code></p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P,--password-fd=N Read password from fd N
-m,--method=TYPE Encryption method TYPE
-S,--salt=SALT</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_cut"><strong>cut</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-cut [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cttyhack" class="item"><strong>cttyhack</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Print selected fields from each input FILE to standard output</p>
+<p>cttyhack PROG ARGS</p>
+<p>Give PROG a controlling tty if possible.
+Example for /etc/inittab (for busybox init):
+ ::respawn:/bin/cttyhack /bin/sh
+Giving controlling tty to shell running with PID 1:
+ $ exec cttyhack sh
+Starting interactive shell from boot shell script:</p>
+<pre>
+ setsid cttyhack sh</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="cut" class="item"><strong>cut</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>cut [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Print selected fields from each input FILE to stdout</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-b LIST Output only bytes from LIST
-c LIST Output only characters from LIST
@@ -864,19 +729,12 @@ cut [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-f N Print only these fields
-n Ignored</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_date"><strong>date</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-date [OPTIONS] [+FMT] [TIME]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="date" class="item"><strong>date</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>date [OPTIONS] [+FMT] [TIME]</p>
<p>Display time (using +FMT), or set time</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
[-s,--set] TIME Set time to TIME
-u,--utc Work in UTC (don't convert to local time)
@@ -888,45 +746,31 @@ date [OPTIONS] [+FMT] [TIME]
-r,--reference FILE Display last modification time of FILE
-d,--date TIME Display TIME, not 'now'
-D FMT Use FMT for -d TIME conversion</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Recognized TIME formats:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
hh:mm[:ss]
[YYYY.]MM.DD-hh:mm[:ss]
YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm[:ss]
[[[[[YY]YY]MM]DD]hh]mm[.ss]</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dc"><strong>dc</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dc expression...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dc" class="item"><strong>dc</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dc EXPRESSION...</p>
<p>Tiny RPN calculator. Operations:
+, add, -, sub, *, mul, /, div, %, mod, **, exp, and, or, not, eor,
-p - print top of the stack (without altering the stack),
-f - print entire stack, o - pop the value and set output radix
-(value must be 10 or 16).
-Examples: 'dc 2 2 add' -&gt; 4, 'dc 8 8 * 2 2 + /' -&gt; 16.</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dd"><strong>dd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>dd [if=FILE] [of=FILE] [ibs=N] [obs=N] [bs=N] [count=N] [skip=N]
-<tr><td><td>[seek=N] [conv=notrunc|noerror|sync|fsync]</table>
+p - print top of the stack (without popping),
+f - print entire stack,
+o - pop the value and set output radix (must be 10, 16, 8 or 2).
+Examples: 'dc 2 2 add' -&gt; 4, 'dc 8 8 * 2 2 + /' -&gt; 16</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dd" class="item"><strong>dd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>dd [if=FILE] [of=FILE] [ibs=N] [obs=N] [bs=N] [count=N] [skip=N]
+<tr><td><td>[seek=N] [conv=notrunc|noerror|sync|fsync]</table></p>
<p>Copy a file with converting and formatting</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
if=FILE Read from FILE instead of stdin
of=FILE Write to FILE instead of stdout
@@ -940,66 +784,71 @@ Examples: 'dc 2 2 add' -&gt; 4, 'dc 8 8 * 2 2 + /' -&gt; 16.</p>
conv=noerror Continue after read errors
conv=sync Pad blocks with zeros
conv=fsync Physically write data out before finishing</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Numbers may be suffixed by c (x1), w (x2), b (x512), kD (x1000), k (x1024),
MD (x1000000), M (x1048576), GD (x1000000000) or G (x1073741824)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_deallocvt"><strong>deallocvt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-deallocvt [N]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="deallocvt" class="item"><strong>deallocvt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>deallocvt [N]</p>
<p>Deallocate unused virtual terminal /dev/ttyN</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_delgroup"><strong>delgroup</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-delgroup [USER] GROUP
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="delgroup" class="item"><strong>delgroup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>delgroup [USER] GROUP</p>
<p>Delete group GROUP from the system or user USER from group GROUP</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_deluser"><strong>deluser</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-deluser USER
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="deluser" class="item"><strong>deluser</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>deluser USER</p>
<p>Delete USER from the system</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_devmem"><strong>devmem</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="depmod" class="item"><strong>depmod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-devmem ADDRESS [WIDTH [VALUE]]
+<p>depmod [-qfwrsv] MODULE [symbol=value]...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -r Remove MODULE (stacks) or do autoclean
+ -q Quiet
+ -v Verbose
+ -f Force
+ -w Wait for unload
+ -s Report via syslog instead of stderr</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="devfsd" class="item"><strong>devfsd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Read/write from physical address</p>
+<p>devfsd mntpnt [-v][-fg][-np]</p>
+<p>Manage devfs permissions and old device name symlinks</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ mntpnt The mount point where devfs is mounted
+ -v Print the protocol version numbers for devfsd
+ and the kernel-side protocol version and exit
+ -fg Run in foreground
+ -np Exit after parsing the configuration file
+ and processing synthetic REGISTER events,
+ don't poll for events</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="devmem" class="item"><strong>devmem</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>devmem ADDRESS [WIDTH [VALUE]]</p>
+<p>Read/write from physical address</p>
<pre>
ADDRESS Address to act upon
WIDTH Width (8/16/...)
VALUE Data to be written</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_df"><strong>df</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-df [-Pkmhai] [-B SIZE] [FILESYSTEM...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="df" class="item"><strong>df</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>df [-Pkmhai] [-B SIZE] [FILESYSTEM]...</p>
<p>Print filesystem usage statistics</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P POSIX output format
-k 1024-byte blocks (default)
@@ -1009,38 +858,29 @@ df [-Pkmhai] [-B SIZE] [FILESYSTEM...]
-i Inodes
-B SIZE Blocksize</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dhcprelay"><strong>dhcprelay</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dhcprelay CLIENT_IFACE[,CLIENT_IFACE2...] SERVER_IFACE [SERVER_IP]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dhcprelay" class="item"><strong>dhcprelay</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dhcprelay CLIENT_IFACE[,CLIENT_IFACE2]... SERVER_IFACE [SERVER_IP]</p>
<p>Relay DHCP requests between clients and server</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_diff"><strong>diff</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-diff [-abdiNqrTstw] [-L LABEL] [-S FILE] [-U LINES] FILE1 FILE2
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="diff" class="item"><strong>diff</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>diff [-abBdiNqrTstw] [-L LABEL] [-S FILE] [-U LINES] FILE1 FILE2</p>
<p>Compare files line by line and output the differences between them.
This implementation supports unified diffs only.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Treat all files as text
-b Ignore changes in the amount of whitespace
+ -B Ignore changes whose lines are all blank
-d Try hard to find a smaller set of changes
-i Ignore case differences
-L Use LABEL instead of the filename in the unified header
-N Treat absent files as empty
-q Output only whether files differ
- -r Recursively compare subdirectories
+ -r Recurse
-S Start with FILE when comparing directories
-T Make tabs line up by prefixing a tab when necessary
-s Report when two files are the same
@@ -1048,111 +888,93 @@ This implementation supports unified diffs only.</p>
-U Output LINES lines of context
-w Ignore all whitespace</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dirname"><strong>dirname</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dirname FILENAME
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dirname" class="item"><strong>dirname</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dirname FILENAME</p>
<p>Strip non-directory suffix from FILENAME</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dmesg"><strong>dmesg</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dmesg [-c] [-n LEVEL] [-s SIZE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dmesg" class="item"><strong>dmesg</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dmesg [-c] [-n LEVEL] [-s SIZE]</p>
<p>Print or control the kernel ring buffer</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Clear ring buffer after printing
-n LEVEL Set console logging level
-s SIZE Buffer size</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dnsd"><strong>dnsd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dnsd [-c config] [-t seconds] [-p port] [-i iface-ip] [-d]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dnsd" class="item"><strong>dnsd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dnsd [-dvs] [-c CONFFILE] [-t TTL_SEC] [-p PORT] [-i ADDR]</p>
<p>Small static DNS server daemon</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Config filename
- -t TTL in seconds
- -p Listening port
- -i Listening ip (default all)
- -d Daemonize</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dos2unix"><strong>dos2unix</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dos2unix [OPTIONS] [FILE]
+ -c FILE Config file
+ -t SEC TTL
+ -p PORT Listen on PORT
+ -i ADDR Listen on ADDR
+ -d Daemonize
+ -v Verbose
+ -s Send successful replies only. Use this if you want
+ to use /etc/resolv.conf with two nameserver lines:
+ nameserver DNSD_SERVER
+ nameserver NORNAL_DNS_SERVER</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dos2unix" class="item"><strong>dos2unix</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dos2unix [-ud] [FILE]</p>
<p>Convert FILE in-place from DOS to Unix format.
When no file is given, use stdin/stdout.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-u dos2unix
-d unix2dos</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dpkg"><strong>dpkg</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dpkg [-ilCPru] [-F option] package_name
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dpkg" class="item"><strong>dpkg</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dpkg [-ilCPru] [-F OPT] PACKAGE</p>
<p>Install, remove and manage Debian packages</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -i Install the package
- -l List of installed packages
- -C Configure an unpackaged package
- -F depends Ignore dependency problems
- -P Purge all files of a package
- -r Remove all but the configuration files for a package
- -u Unpack a package, but don't configure it</pre>
+ -i,--install Install the package
+ -l,--list List of installed packages
+ --configure Configure an unpackaged package
+ -P,--purge Purge all files of a package
+ -r,--remove Remove all but the configuration files for a package
+ --unpack Unpack a package, but don't configure it
+ --force-depends Ignore dependency problems
+ --force-confnew Overwrite existing config files when installing
+ --force-confold Keep old config files when installing</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_du"><strong>du</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="dpkg_deb" class="item"><strong>dpkg-deb</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-du [-aHLdclsxhmk] [FILE]...
+<p>dpkg-deb [-cefxX] FILE [argument]</p>
+<p>Perform actions on Debian packages (.debs)</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -c List contents of filesystem tree
+ -e Extract control files to [argument] directory
+ -f Display control field name starting with [argument]
+ -x Extract packages filesystem tree to directory
+ -X Verbose extract</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="du" class="item"><strong>du</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>du [-aHLdclsxhmk] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Summarize disk space used for each FILE and/or directory.
Disk space is printed in units of 1024 bytes.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Show file sizes too
- -H Follow symlinks on command line
-L Follow all symlinks
+ -H Follow symlinks on command line
-d N Limit output to directories (and files with -a) of depth &lt; N
-c Show grand total
-l Count sizes many times if hard linked
@@ -1162,142 +984,103 @@ Disk space is printed in units of 1024 bytes.</p>
-m Sizes in megabytes
-k Sizes in kilobytes (default)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dumpkmap"><strong>dumpkmap</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-dumpkmap &gt; keymap
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print a binary keyboard translation table to standard output</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_dumpleases"><strong>dumpleases</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="dumpkmap" class="item"><strong>dumpkmap</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-dumpleases [-r|-a] [-f LEASEFILE]
+<p>dumpkmap &gt; keymap</p>
+<p>Print a binary keyboard translation table to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="dumpleases" class="item"><strong>dumpleases</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>dumpleases [-r|-a] [-f LEASEFILE]</p>
<p>Display DHCP leases granted by udhcpd</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -f,--file=FILE Leases file to load
- -r,--remaining Interpret lease times as time remaining
- -a,--absolute Interpret lease times as expire time</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_echo"><strong>echo</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-echo [-neE] [ARG...]
+ -f,--file=FILE Lease file
+ -r,--remaining Show remaining time
+ -a,--absolute Show expiration time</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="echo" class="item"><strong>echo</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>echo [-neE] [ARG]...</p>
<p>Print the specified ARGs to stdout</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Suppress trailing newline
- -e Interpret backslash-escaped characters (i.e., \t=tab)
- -E Disable interpretation of backslash-escaped characters</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ed"><strong>ed</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ed
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_eject"><strong>eject</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-eject [-t] [-T] [DEVICE]
+ -e Interpret backslash escapes (i.e., \t=tab)
+ -E Don't interpret backslash escapes (default)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ed" class="item"><strong>ed</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Eject specified DEVICE (or default /dev/cdrom)</p>
+<p>ed</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="eject" class="item"><strong>eject</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>eject [-t] [-T] [DEVICE]</p>
+<p>Eject DEVICE or default /dev/cdrom</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s SCSI device
-t Close tray
-T Open/close tray (toggle)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_env"><strong>env</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-env [-iu] [-] [name=value]... [PROG [ARGS]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="env" class="item"><strong>env</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>env [-iu] [-] [name=value]... [PROG ARGS]</p>
<p>Print the current environment or run PROG after setting up
the specified environment</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-, -i Start with an empty environment
-u Remove variable from the environment</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_envdir"><strong>envdir</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-envdir dir prog args
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="envdir" class="item"><strong>envdir</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>envdir DIR PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Set various environment variables as specified by files
-in the directory dir and run PROG</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_envuidgid"><strong>envuidgid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-envuidgid account prog args
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Set $UID to account's uid and $GID to account's gid and run PROG</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_expand"><strong>expand</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-expand [-i] [-t N] [FILE|-]
+in the directory DIR, run PROG</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="envuidgid" class="item"><strong>envuidgid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Convert tabs to spaces, writing to standard output</p>
+<p>envuidgid USER PROG ARGS</p>
+<p>Set $UID to USER's uid and $GID to USER's gid, run PROG</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ether_wake" class="item"><strong>ether-wake</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ether-wake [-b] [-i iface] [-p aa:bb:cc:dd[:ee:ff]] MAC</p>
+<p>Send a magic packet to wake up sleeping machines.
+MAC must be a station address (00:11:22:33:44:55) or
+a hostname with a known 'ethers' entry.</p>
<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -b Send wake-up packet to the broadcast address
+ -i iface Interface to use (default eth0)
+ -p pass Append four or six byte password PW to the packet</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="expand" class="item"><strong>expand</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>expand [-i] [-t N] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Convert tabs to spaces, writing to stdout</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
-i,--initial Don't convert tabs after non blanks
-t,--tabs=N Tabstops every N chars</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_expr"><strong>expr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-expr EXPRESSION
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print the value of EXPRESSION to standard output</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="expr" class="item"><strong>expr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>expr EXPRESSION</p>
+<p>Print the value of EXPRESSION to stdout</p>
<p>EXPRESSION may be:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
ARG1 | ARG2 ARG1 if it is neither null nor 0, otherwise ARG2
ARG1 &amp; ARG2 ARG1 if neither argument is null or 0, otherwise 0
@@ -1321,27 +1104,18 @@ expr EXPRESSION
it is a keyword like 'match' or an
operator like '/'
(EXPRESSION) Value of EXPRESSION</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Beware that many operators need to be escaped or quoted for shells.
Comparisons are arithmetic if both ARGs are numbers, else
lexicographical. Pattern matches return the string matched between
\( and \) or null; if \( and \) are not used, they return the number
of characters matched or 0.</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fakeidentd"><strong>fakeidentd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fakeidentd [-fiw] [-b ADDR] [STRING]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fakeidentd" class="item"><strong>fakeidentd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fakeidentd [-fiw] [-b ADDR] [STRING]</p>
<p>Provide fake ident (auth) service</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Run in foreground
-i Inetd mode
@@ -1349,34 +1123,23 @@ fakeidentd [-fiw] [-b ADDR] [STRING]
-b ADDR Bind to specified address
STRING Ident answer string (default: nobody)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_false"><strong>false</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-false
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="false" class="item"><strong>false</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>false</p>
<p>Return an exit code of FALSE (1)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fbset"><strong>fbset</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fbset [OPTIONS] [MODE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fbset" class="item"><strong>fbset</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fbset [OPTIONS] [MODE]</p>
<p>Show and modify frame buffer settings</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fbsplash"><strong>fbsplash</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fbsplash -s IMGFILE [-c] [-d DEV] [-i INIFILE] [-f CMD]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fbsplash" class="item"><strong>fbsplash</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fbsplash -s IMGFILE [-c] [-d DEV] [-i INIFILE] [-f CMD]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Image
-c Hide cursor
@@ -1387,71 +1150,50 @@ fbsplash -s IMGFILE [-c] [-d DEV] [-i INIFILE] [-f CMD]
-f Control pipe (else exit after drawing image)
commands: 'NN' (% for progress bar) or 'exit'</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fdflush"><strong>fdflush</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fdflush DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fdflush" class="item"><strong>fdflush</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fdflush DEVICE</p>
<p>Force floppy disk drive to detect disk change</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fdformat"><strong>fdformat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fdformat [-n] DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fdformat" class="item"><strong>fdformat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fdformat [-n] DEVICE</p>
<p>Format floppy disk</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Don't verify after format</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fdisk"><strong>fdisk</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fdisk [-ul] [-C CYLINDERS] [-H HEADS] [-S SECTORS] [-b SSZ] DISK
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fdisk" class="item"><strong>fdisk</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fdisk [-ul] [-C CYLINDERS] [-H HEADS] [-S SECTORS] [-b SSZ] DISK</p>
<p>Change partition table</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-u Start and End are in sectors (instead of cylinders)
-l Show partition table for each DISK, then exit
-b 2048 (for certain MO disks) use 2048-byte sectors
-C CYLINDERS Set number of cylinders/heads/sectors
- -H HEADS</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<pre>
+ -H HEADS
-S SECTORS</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_find"><strong>find</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="fgconsole" class="item"><strong>fgconsole</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-find [PATH...] [EXPRESSION]
+<p>fgconsole</p>
+<p>Get active console</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="find" class="item"><strong>find</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>find [PATH]... [EXPRESSION]</p>
<p>Search for files. The default PATH is the current directory,
default EXPRESSION is '-print'</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>EXPRESSION may consist of:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -follow Dereference symlinks
+ -follow Follow symlinks
-xdev Don't descend directories on other filesystems
-maxdepth N Descend at most N levels. -maxdepth 0 applies
tests/actions to command line arguments only
@@ -1472,7 +1214,7 @@ default EXPRESSION is '-print'</p>
-user NAME File is owned by user NAME (numeric user ID allowed)
-group NAME File belongs to group NAME (numeric group ID allowed)
-depth Process directory name after traversing it
- -size N[bck] File size is N (c:bytes,k:kbytes,b:512 bytes(def.)).
+ -size N[bck] File size is N (c:bytes,k:kbytes,b:512 bytes(def.))
+/-N: file size is bigger/smaller than N
-links N Number of links is greater than (+N), less than (-N),
or exactly N
@@ -1485,117 +1227,85 @@ default EXPRESSION is '-print'</p>
-delete Delete files, turns on -depth option
(EXPR) Group an expression</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_findfs"><strong>findfs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-findfs LABEL=label or UUID=uuid
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="findfs" class="item"><strong>findfs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>findfs LABEL=label or UUID=uuid</p>
<p>Find a filesystem device based on a label or UUID</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_flash_eraseall"><strong>flash_eraseall</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-flash_eraseall [-jq] MTD_DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="flash_eraseall" class="item"><strong>flash_eraseall</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>flash_eraseall [-jq] MTD_DEVICE</p>
<p>Erase an MTD device</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-j Format the device for jffs2
-q Don't display progress messages</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_flash_lock"><strong>flash_lock</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-flash_lock MTD_DEVICE OFFSET SECTORS
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="flash_lock" class="item"><strong>flash_lock</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>flash_lock MTD_DEVICE OFFSET SECTORS</p>
<p>Lock part or all of an MTD device. If SECTORS is -1, then all sectors
will be locked, regardless of the value of OFFSET</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_flash_unlock"><strong>flash_unlock</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-flash_unlock MTD_DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="flash_unlock" class="item"><strong>flash_unlock</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>flash_unlock MTD_DEVICE</p>
<p>Unlock an MTD device</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_flashcp"><strong>flashcp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-flashcp -v FILE MTD_DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="flashcp" class="item"><strong>flashcp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>flashcp -v FILE MTD_DEVICE</p>
<p>Copy an image to MTD device</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fold"><strong>fold</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fold [-bs] [-w WIDTH] [FILE]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Wrap input lines in each FILE (standard input by default), writing to
-standard output</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="flock" class="item"><strong>flock</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>flock [-sxun] FD|{FILE [-c] PROG ARGS}</p>
+<p>[Un]lock file descriptor, or lock FILE, run PROG</p>
<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -s Shared lock
+ -x Exclusive lock (default)
+ -u Unlock FD
+ -n Fail rather than wait</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fold" class="item"><strong>fold</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fold [-bs] [-w WIDTH] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Wrap input lines in each FILE (or stdin), writing to stdout</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
-b Count bytes rather than columns
-s Break at spaces
-w Use WIDTH columns instead of 80</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_free"><strong>free</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-free
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="free" class="item"><strong>free</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>free [-b/k/m/g]</p>
<p>Display the amount of free and used system memory</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_freeramdisk"><strong>freeramdisk</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-freeramdisk DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="freeramdisk" class="item"><strong>freeramdisk</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>freeramdisk DEVICE</p>
<p>Free all memory used by the specified ramdisk</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fsck"><strong>fsck</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fsck [-ANPRTV] [-C fd] [-t fstype] [fs-options] [filesys...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fsck" class="item"><strong>fsck</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fsck [-ANPRTV] [-C FD] [-t FSTYPE] [FS_OPTS] [BLOCKDEV]...</p>
<p>Check and repair filesystems</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-A Walk /etc/fstab and check all filesystems
-N Don't execute, just show what would be done
@@ -1604,21 +1314,14 @@ fsck [-ANPRTV] [-C fd] [-t fstype] [fs-options] [filesys...]
-T Don't show title on startup
-V Verbose
-C n Write status information to specified filedescriptor
- -t type List of filesystem types to check</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fsck%2eminix"><strong>fsck.minix</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fsck.minix [-larvsmf] /dev/name
+ -t TYPE List of filesystem types to check</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fsck_minix" class="item"><strong>fsck.minix</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fsck.minix [-larvsmf] BLOCKDEV</p>
<p>Check MINIX filesystem</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List all filenames
-r Perform interactive repairs
@@ -1628,42 +1331,27 @@ fsck.minix [-larvsmf] /dev/name
-m Show &quot;mode not cleared&quot; warnings
-f Force file system check</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fsync"><strong>fsync</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fsync [OPTIONS] FILE...Write files' buffered blocks to disk
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fsync" class="item"><strong>fsync</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fsync [-d] FILE...</p>
+<p>Write files' buffered blocks to disk</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Avoid syncing metadata</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ftpd"><strong>ftpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ftpd [-wvS] [-t N] [-T N] [DIR]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ftpd" class="item"><strong>ftpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ftpd [-wvS] [-t N] [-T N] [DIR]</p>
<p>Anonymous FTP server</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>ftpd should be used as an inetd service.
ftpd's line for inetd.conf:
21 stream tcp nowait root ftpd ftpd /files/to/serve
It also can be ran from tcpsvd:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
tcpsvd -vE 0.0.0.0 21 ftpd /files/to/serve</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-w Allow upload
-v Log to stderr
@@ -1671,19 +1359,12 @@ It also can be ran from tcpsvd:</p>
-t,-T Idle and absolute timeouts
DIR Change root to this directory</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ftpget"><strong>ftpget</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ftpget [OPTIONS] HOST [LOCAL_FILE] REMOTE_FILE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ftpget" class="item"><strong>ftpget</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ftpget [OPTIONS] HOST [LOCAL_FILE] REMOTE_FILE</p>
<p>Retrieve a remote file via FTP</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c,--continue Continue previous transfer
-v,--verbose Verbose
@@ -1691,56 +1372,36 @@ ftpget [OPTIONS] HOST [LOCAL_FILE] REMOTE_FILE
-p,--password Password
-P,--port Port number</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ftpput"><strong>ftpput</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ftpput [OPTIONS] HOST [REMOTE_FILE] LOCAL_FILE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ftpput" class="item"><strong>ftpput</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ftpput [OPTIONS] HOST [REMOTE_FILE] LOCAL_FILE</p>
<p>Store a local file on a remote machine via FTP</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v,--verbose Verbose
-u,--username Username
-p,--password Password
-P,--port Port number</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_fuser"><strong>fuser</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-fuser [OPTIONS] FILE or PORT/PROTO
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="fuser" class="item"><strong>fuser</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>fuser [OPTIONS] FILE or PORT/PROTO</p>
<p>Find processes which use FILEs or PORTs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m Find processes which use same fs as FILEs
- -4 Search only IPv4 space
- -6 Search only IPv6 space
- -s Silent: just exit with 0 if any processes are found
- -k Kill found processes (otherwise display PIDs)
- -SIGNAL Signal to send (default: TERM)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_getopt"><strong>getopt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-getopt [OPTIONS]
+ -4,-6 Search only IPv4/IPv6 space
+ -s Don't display PIDs
+ -k Kill found processes
+ -SIGNAL Signal to send (default: KILL)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="getopt" class="item"><strong>getopt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>getopt [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a,--alternative Allow long options starting with single -
-l,--longoptions=longopts Long options to be recognized
@@ -1752,19 +1413,12 @@ getopt [OPTIONS]
-T,--test Test for getopt(1) version
-u,--unquoted Don't quote the output</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_getty"><strong>getty</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-getty [OPTIONS] BAUD_RATE TTY [TERMTYPE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="getty" class="item"><strong>getty</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>getty [OPTIONS] BAUD_RATE TTY [TERMTYPE]</p>
<p>Open a tty, prompt for a login name, then invoke /bin/login</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-h Enable hardware (RTS/CTS) flow control
-i Don't display /etc/issue before running login
@@ -1778,117 +1432,81 @@ getty [OPTIONS] BAUD_RATE TTY [TERMTYPE]
-I INITSTR Send INITSTR before anything else
-H HOST Log HOST into the utmp file as the hostname</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_grep"><strong>grep</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-grep [-HhrilLnqvsoweFEABCz] PATTERN [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Search for PATTERN in each FILE or standard input</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="grep" class="item"><strong>grep</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>grep [-HhnlLoqvsriwFEz] [-m N] [-A/B/C N] PATTERN/-e PATTERN.../-f FILE [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Search for PATTERN in FILEs (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -H Prefix output lines with filename where match was found
- -h Suppress the prefixing filename on output
- -r Recurse
- -i Ignore case distinctions
- -l List names of files that match
- -L List names of files that don't match
- -n Print line number with output lines
+ -H Add 'filename:' prefix
+ -h Do not add 'filename:' prefix
+ -n Add 'line_no:' prefix
+ -l Show only names of files that match
+ -L Show only names of files that don't match
+ -c Show only count of matching lines
+ -o Show only the matching part of line
-q Quiet. Return 0 if PATTERN is found, 1 otherwise
-v Select non-matching lines
- -s Suppress file open/read error messages
- -c Only print count of matching lines
- -o Show only the part of a line that matches PATTERN
- -m N Match up to N times per file
+ -s Suppress open and read errors
+ -r Recurse
+ -i Ignore case
-w Match whole words only
- -F PATTERN is a set of newline-separated strings
- -E PATTERN is an extended regular expression
- -e PTRN Pattern to match
- -f FILE Read pattern from file
+ -F PATTERN is a literal (not regexp)
+ -E PATTERN is an extended regexp
+ -z Input is NUL terminated
+ -m N Match up to N times per file
-A N Print N lines of trailing context
-B N Print N lines of leading context
- -C N Print N lines of output context
- -z Input is NUL terminated</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_gunzip"><strong>gunzip</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-gunzip [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Uncompress FILEs (or standard input)</p>
+ -C N Same as '-A N -B N'
+ -e PTRN Pattern to match
+ -f FILE Read pattern from file</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="gunzip" class="item"><strong>gunzip</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>gunzip [-cft] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILEs (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force
-t Test file integrity</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_gzip"><strong>gzip</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-gzip [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Compress FILEs (or standard input)</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="gzip" class="item"><strong>gzip</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>gzip [-cfd] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Compress FILEs (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
-d Decompress
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_halt"><strong>halt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-halt [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f] [-w]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="halt" class="item"><strong>halt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>halt [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f] [-w]</p>
<p>Halt the system</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -d Delay interval for halting
- -n No call to sync()
- -f Force halt (don't go through init)
+ -d SEC Delay interval
+ -n Do not sync
+ -f Force (don't go through init)
-w Only write a wtmp record</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hd"><strong>hd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hd FILE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hd" class="item"><strong>hd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hd FILE...</p>
<p>hd is an alias for hexdump -C</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hdparm"><strong>hdparm</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hdparm [OPTIONS] [DEVICE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hdparm" class="item"><strong>hdparm</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hdparm [OPTIONS] [DEVICE]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Get/set fs readahead
-A Set drive read-lookahead flag (0/1)
@@ -1917,7 +1535,7 @@ hdparm [OPTIONS] [DEVICE]
-t Perform device read timings
-T Perform cache read timings
-u Get/set unmaskirq flag (0/1)
- -U Un-register an IDE interface (DANGEROUS)
+ -U Unregister an IDE interface (DANGEROUS)
-v Defaults; same as -mcudkrag for IDE drives
-V Display program version and exit immediately
-w Perform device reset (DANGEROUS)
@@ -1927,41 +1545,28 @@ hdparm [OPTIONS] [DEVICE]
-y Put IDE drive in standby mode
-Y Put IDE drive to sleep
-Z Disable Seagate auto-powersaving mode
- -z Re-read partition table</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_head"><strong>head</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-head [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print first 10 lines of each FILE (or standard input) to standard output.
-With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving the file name.</p>
+ -z Reread partition table</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="head" class="item"><strong>head</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>head [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Print first 10 lines of each FILE (or stdin) to stdout.
+With more than one FILE, precede each with a filename header.</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -n N Print first N lines instead of first 10
- -c N Output the first N bytes
- -q Never output headers giving file names
- -v Always output headers giving file names</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hexdump"><strong>hexdump</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hexdump [-bcCdefnosvxR] FILE...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Display FILEs or standard input in a user specified format</p>
+ -n N[kbm] Print first N lines
+ -c N[kbm] Print first N bytes
+ -q Never print headers
+ -v Always print headers</pre>
+<p>N may be suffixed by k (x1024), b (x512), or m (x1024^2).</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hexdump" class="item"><strong>hexdump</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hexdump [-bcCdefnosvxR] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Display FILEs (or stdin) in a user specified format</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-b One-byte octal display
-c One-byte character display
@@ -1976,28 +1581,18 @@ hexdump [-bcCdefnosvxR] FILE...
-x Two-byte hexadecimal display
-R Reverse of 'hexdump -Cv'</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hostid"><strong>hostid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hostid
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hostid" class="item"><strong>hostid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hostid</p>
<p>Print out a unique 32-bit identifier for the machine</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hostname"><strong>hostname</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hostname [OPTIONS] [HOSTNAME | -F FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hostname" class="item"><strong>hostname</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hostname [OPTIONS] [HOSTNAME | -F FILE]</p>
<p>Get or set hostname or DNS domain name</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Short
-i Addresses for the hostname
@@ -2005,46 +1600,32 @@ hostname [OPTIONS] [HOSTNAME | -F FILE]
-f Fully qualified domain name
-F FILE Use FILE's content as hostname</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_httpd"><strong>httpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-httpd [-ifv[v]] [-c CONFFILE] [-p [IP:]PORT] [-u USER[:GRP]] [-r REALM] [-h HOME]
-or httpd -d/-e/-m STRING
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="httpd" class="item"><strong>httpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>httpd [-ifv[v]] [-c CONFFILE] [-p [IP:]PORT] [-u USER[:GRP]] [-r REALM] [-h HOME]
+or httpd -d/-e/-m STRING</p>
<p>Listen for incoming HTTP requests</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-i Inetd mode
-f Don't daemonize
-v[v] Verbose
- -c FILE Configuration file (default httpd.conf)
- -p [IP:]PORT Bind to ip:port (default *:80)
+ -p [IP:]PORT Bind to IP:PORT (default *:80)
-u USER[:GRP] Set uid/gid after binding to port
-r REALM Authentication Realm for Basic Authentication
-h HOME Home directory (default .)
+ -c FILE Configuration file (default {/etc,HOME}/httpd.conf)
-m STRING MD5 crypt STRING
-e STRING HTML encode STRING
-d STRING URL decode STRING</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_hwclock"><strong>hwclock</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-hwclock [-r|--show] [-s|--hctosys] [-w|--systohc] [-l|--localtime] [-u|--utc] [-f FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="hwclock" class="item"><strong>hwclock</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>hwclock [-r|--show] [-s|--hctosys] [-w|--systohc] [-l|--localtime] [-u|--utc] [-f FILE]</p>
<p>Query and set hardware clock (RTC)</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-r Show hardware clock time
-s Set system time from hardware clock
@@ -2053,39 +1634,25 @@ hwclock [-r|--show] [-s|--hctosys] [-w|--systohc] [-l|--localtime] [-u|--utc] [-
-l Hardware clock is in local time
-f FILE Use specified device (e.g. /dev/rtc2)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_id"><strong>id</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-id [OPTIONS] [USER]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="id" class="item"><strong>id</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>id [OPTIONS] [USER]</p>
<p>Print information about USER or the current user</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -u Print user ID
- -g Print group ID
- -G Print supplementary group IDs
- -n Print name instead of a number
- -r Print real user ID instead of effective ID</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ifconfig"><strong>ifconfig</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ifconfig [-a] interface [address]
+ -u User ID
+ -g Group ID
+ -G Supplementary group IDs
+ -n Print names instead of numbers
+ -r Print real ID instead of effective ID</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ifconfig" class="item"><strong>ifconfig</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ifconfig [-a] interface [address]</p>
<p>Configure a network interface</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
[add ADDRESS[/PREFIXLEN]]
[del ADDRESS[/PREFIXLEN]]
@@ -2098,37 +1665,37 @@ ifconfig [-a] interface [address]
[mem_start NN] [io_addr NN] [irq NN]
[up|down] ...</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ifenslave"><strong>ifenslave</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="ifdown" class="item"><strong>ifdown</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-ifenslave [-cdf] master-iface &lt;slave-iface...&gt;
+<p>ifdown [-anmvf] [-i FILE] IFACE...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -a De/configure all interfaces automatically
+ -i FILE Use FILE for interface definitions
+ -n Print out what would happen, but don't do it
+ (note: doesn't disable mappings)
+ -m Don't run any mappings
+ -v Print out what would happen before doing it
+ -f Force de/configuration</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ifenslave" class="item"><strong>ifenslave</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ifenslave [-cdf] MASTER_IFACE SLAVE_IFACE...</p>
<p>Configure network interfaces for parallel routing</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c, --change-active Change active slave
- -d, --detach Remove slave interface from bonding device
- -f, --force Force, even if interface is not Ethernet</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ifplugd"><strong>ifplugd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ifplugd [OPTIONS]
+ -c,--change-active Change active slave
+ -d,--detach Remove slave interface from bonding device
+ -f,--force Force, even if interface is not Ethernet</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ifplugd" class="item"><strong>ifplugd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ifplugd [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>Network interface plug detection daemon</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Don't daemonize
-s Don't log to syslog
@@ -2150,19 +1717,26 @@ ifplugd [OPTIONS]
-m MODE API mode (mii, priv, ethtool, wlan, iff, auto)
-k Kill running daemon</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_inetd"><strong>inetd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="ifup" class="item"><strong>ifup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-inetd [-fe] [-q N] [-R N] [CONFFILE]
+<p>ifup [-anmvf] [-i FILE] IFACE...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -a De/configure all interfaces automatically
+ -i FILE Use FILE for interface definitions
+ -n Print out what would happen, but don't do it
+ (note: doesn't disable mappings)
+ -m Don't run any mappings
+ -v Print out what would happen before doing it
+ -f Force de/configuration</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="inetd" class="item"><strong>inetd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>inetd [-fe] [-q N] [-R N] [CONFFILE]</p>
<p>Listen for network connections and launch programs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Run in foreground
-e Log to stderr
@@ -2170,28 +1744,20 @@ inetd [-fe] [-q N] [-R N] [CONFFILE]
-R N Pause services after N connects/min
(default: 0 - disabled)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_init"><strong>init</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-init
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="init" class="item"><strong>init</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>init</p>
<p>Init is the parent of all processes</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_inotifyd"><strong>inotifyd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-inotifyd PROG FILE1[:MASK] ...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="inotifyd" class="item"><strong>inotifyd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>inotifyd PROG FILE1[:MASK]...</p>
<p>Run PROG on filesystem changes.
When a filesystem event matching MASK occurs on FILEn,
-PROG &lt;actual_event(s)&gt; &lt;FILEn&gt; [&lt;subfile_name&gt;] is run.
+PROG ACTUAL_EVENTS FILEn [SUBFILE] is run.
Events:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
a File is accessed
c File is modified
@@ -2205,54 +1771,33 @@ Events:</p>
o Event queue overflowed
x File can't be watched anymore
If watching a directory:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
m Subfile is moved into dir
y Subfile is moved out of dir
n Subfile is created
d Subfile is deleted</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>inotifyd waits for PROG to exit.
-When x event happens for all FILEs, inotifyd exits</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_insmod"><strong>insmod</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-insmod [OPTIONS] MODULE [symbol=value]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Load the specified kernel modules into the kernel</p>
+When x event happens for all FILEs, inotifyd exits.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="insmod" class="item"><strong>insmod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>insmod [-qfwrsv] MODULE [symbol=value]...</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -f Force module to load into the wrong kernel version
- -k Make module autoclean-able
- -v Verbose
+ -r Remove MODULE (stacks) or do autoclean
-q Quiet
- -L Lock to prevent simultaneous loads of a module
- -m Output load map to stdout
- -o NAME Set internal module name to NAME
- -x Don't export externs</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_install"><strong>install</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-install [-cdDsp] [-o USER] [-g GRP] [-m MODE] [source] dest|directory
+ -v Verbose
+ -f Force
+ -w Wait for unload
+ -s Report via syslog instead of stderr</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="install" class="item"><strong>install</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>install [-cdDsp] [-o USER] [-g GRP] [-m MODE] [SOURCE]... DEST</p>
<p>Copy files and set attributes</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Just copy (default)
-d Create directories
@@ -2263,42 +1808,43 @@ install [-cdDsp] [-o USER] [-g GRP] [-m MODE] [source] dest|directory
-g GRP Set group ownership
-m MODE Set permissions</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ionice"><strong>ionice</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ionice [-c 1-3] [-n 0-7] [-p PID] [PROG]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Change I/O scheduling class and priority</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ionice" class="item"><strong>ionice</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ionice [-c 1-3] [-n 0-7] [-p PID] [PROG]</p>
+<p>Change I/O priority and class</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Class. 1:realtime 2:best-effort 3:idle
-n Priority</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ip"><strong>ip</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="iostat" class="item"><strong>iostat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-ip [OPTIONS] {address | route | link | tunnel | rule} {COMMAND}
+<p>iostat [-c] [-d] [-t] [-z] [-k|-m] [ALL|BLOCKDEV...] [INTERVAL [COUNT]]</p>
+<p>Report CPU and I/O statistics</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -c Show CPU utilization
+ -d Show device utilization
+ -t Print current time
+ -z Omit devices with no activity
+ -k Use kb/s
+ -m Use Mb/s</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ip" class="item"><strong>ip</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ip [OPTIONS] {address | route | link | tunnel | rule} {COMMAND}</p>
<p>ip [OPTIONS] OBJECT {COMMAND}
where OBJECT := {address | route | link | tunnel | rule}
OPTIONS := { -f[amily] { inet | inet6 | link } | -o[neline] }</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ipaddr"><strong>ipaddr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>ipaddr { {add|del} IFADDR dev STRING | {show|flush}
-<tr><td><td>[dev STRING] [to PREFIX] }</table>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ipaddr" class="item"><strong>ipaddr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>ipaddr { {add|del} IFADDR dev STRING | {show|flush}
+<tr><td><td>[dev STRING] [to PREFIX] }</table></p>
<p>ipaddr {add|delete} IFADDR dev STRING
ipaddr {show|flush} [dev STRING] [scope SCOPE-ID]
[to PREFIX] [label PATTERN]
@@ -2307,19 +1853,12 @@ ipaddr {show|flush} [dev STRING] [scope SCOPE-ID]
[label STRING] [scope SCOPE-ID]
SCOPE-ID := [host | link | global | NUMBER]</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ipcalc"><strong>ipcalc</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ipcalc [OPTIONS] ADDRESS[[/]NETMASK] [NETMASK]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ipcalc" class="item"><strong>ipcalc</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ipcalc [OPTIONS] ADDRESS[[/]NETMASK] [NETMASK]</p>
<p>Calculate IP network settings from a IP address</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-b,--broadcast Display calculated broadcast address
-n,--network Display calculated network address
@@ -2328,45 +1867,31 @@ ipcalc [OPTIONS] ADDRESS[[/]NETMASK] [NETMASK]
-h,--hostname Display first resolved host name
-s,--silent Don't ever display error messages</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ipcrm"><strong>ipcrm</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ipcrm [-MQS key] [-mqs id]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ipcrm" class="item"><strong>ipcrm</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ipcrm [-MQS key] [-mqs id]</p>
<p>Upper-case options MQS remove an object by shmkey value.
Lower-case options remove an object by shmid value.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-mM Remove memory segment after last detach
-qQ Remove message queue
-sS Remove semaphore</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ipcs"><strong>ipcs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ipcs [[-smq] -i shmid] | [[-asmq] [-tcplu]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ipcs" class="item"><strong>ipcs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ipcs [[-smq] -i shmid] | [[-asmq] [-tcplu]]</p>
<pre>
-i Show specific resource
Resource specification:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m Shared memory segments
-q Message queues
-s Semaphore arrays
-a All (default)
Output format:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-t Time
-c Creator
@@ -2374,26 +1899,20 @@ Output format:</pre>
-l Limits
-u Summary</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_iplink"><strong>iplink</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-iplink { set DEVICE { up | down | arp { on | off } | show [DEVICE] }
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="iplink" class="item"><strong>iplink</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>iplink { set DEVICE { up | down | arp { on | off } | show [DEVICE] }</p>
<p>iplink set DEVICE { up | down | arp | multicast { on | off } |
dynamic { on | off } |
mtu MTU }
iplink show [DEVICE]</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_iproute"><strong>iproute</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iproute { list | flush | { add | del | change | append |
-<tr><td><td>replace | monitor } ROUTE }</table>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="iproute" class="item"><strong>iproute</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iproute { list | flush | { add | del | change | append |
+<tr><td><td>replace | monitor } ROUTE }</table></p>
<p>iproute { list | flush } SELECTOR
iproute get ADDRESS [from ADDRESS iif STRING]
[oif STRING] [tos TOS]
@@ -2402,13 +1921,10 @@ iproute { add | del | change | append | replace | monitor } ROUTE
ROUTE := [TYPE] PREFIX [tos TOS] [proto RTPROTO]
[metric METRIC]</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_iprule"><strong>iprule</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-iprule {[list | add | del] RULE}
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="iprule" class="item"><strong>iprule</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>iprule {[list | add | del] RULE}</p>
<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iprule [list | add | del] SELECTOR ACTION
<tr><td><td>SELECTOR := [from PREFIX] [to PREFIX] [tos TOS] [fwmark FWMARK]
<tr><td><td>[dev STRING] [pref NUMBER]
@@ -2417,33 +1933,23 @@ iprule {[list | add | del] RULE}
<tr><td><td>[realms [SRCREALM/]DSTREALM]
<tr><td><td>TABLE_ID := [local | main | default | NUMBER]</table></p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_iptunnel"><strong>iptunnel</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="iptunnel" class="item"><strong>iptunnel</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iptunnel { add | change | del | show } [NAME]
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iptunnel { add | change | del | show } [NAME]
<tr><td><td>[mode { ipip | gre | sit }]
-<tr><td><td>[remote ADDR] [local ADDR] [ttl TTL]</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>[remote ADDR] [local ADDR] [ttl TTL]</table></p>
<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>iptunnel { add | change | del | show } [NAME]
<tr><td><td>[mode { ipip | gre | sit }] [remote ADDR] [local ADDR]
<tr><td><td>[[i|o]seq] [[i|o]key KEY] [[i|o]csum]
<tr><td><td>[ttl TTL] [tos TOS] [[no]pmtudisc] [dev PHYS_DEV]</table></p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_kbd_mode"><strong>kbd_mode</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-kbd_mode [-a|k|s|u] [-C TTY]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="kbd_mode" class="item"><strong>kbd_mode</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>kbd_mode [-a|k|s|u] [-C TTY]</p>
<p>Report or set the keyboard mode</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Default (ASCII)
-k Medium-raw (keyboard)
@@ -2451,113 +1957,67 @@ kbd_mode [-a|k|s|u] [-C TTY]
-u Unicode (utf-8)
-C TTY Affect TTY instead of /dev/tty</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_kill"><strong>kill</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-kill [-l] [-SIG] PID...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="kill" class="item"><strong>kill</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>kill [-l] [-SIG] PID...</p>
<p>Send a signal (default: TERM) to given PIDs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List all signal names and numbers</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_killall"><strong>killall</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-killall [-l] [-q] [-SIG] process-name...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="killall" class="item"><strong>killall</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>killall [-l] [-q] [-SIG] PROCESS_NAME...</p>
<p>Send a signal (default: TERM) to given processes</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List all signal names and numbers
-q Don't complain if no processes were killed</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_killall5"><strong>killall5</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-killall5 [-l] [-SIG] [-o PID]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="killall5" class="item"><strong>killall5</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>killall5 [-l] [-SIG] [-o PID]...</p>
<p>Send a signal (default: TERM) to all processes outside current session</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List all signal names and numbers
-o PID Don't signal this PID</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_klogd"><strong>klogd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-klogd [-c N] [-n]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="klogd" class="item"><strong>klogd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>klogd [-c N] [-n]</p>
<p>Kernel logger</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c N Only messages with level &lt; N are printed to console
-n Run in foreground</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_last"><strong>last</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-last [-HW] [-f file]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="last" class="item"><strong>last</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>last [-HW] [-f FILE]</p>
<p>Show listing of the last users that logged into the system</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-W Display with no host column truncation
- -f file Read from file instead of /var/log/wtmp</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_length"><strong>length</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-length STRING
+ -f FILE Read from FILE instead of /var/log/wtmp</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="length" class="item"><strong>length</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>length STRING</p>
<p>Print STRING's length</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_less"><strong>less</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-less [-EMNmh~I?] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>View a file or list of files. The position within files can be
-changed, and files can be manipulated in various ways.</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="less" class="item"><strong>less</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>less [-EMNmh~I?] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>View FILE (or stdin) one screenful at a time</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-E Quit once the end of a file is reached
-M,-m Display status line with line numbers
@@ -2566,184 +2026,120 @@ changed, and files can be manipulated in various ways.</p>
-I Ignore case in all searches
-~ Suppress ~s displayed past the end of the file</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ln"><strong>ln</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ln [OPTIONS] TARGET... LINK|DIRECTORY
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Create a link LINK or DIRECTORY/TARGET to the specified <code>TARGET(s)</code></p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ln" class="item"><strong>ln</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ln [OPTIONS] TARGET... LINK|DIR</p>
+<p>Create a link LINK or DIR/TARGET to the specified TARGET(s)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Make symlinks instead of hardlinks
- -f Remove existing destination files
+ -f Remove existing destinations
-n Don't dereference symlinks - treat like normal file
-b Make a backup of the target (if exists) before link operation
-S suf Use suffix instead of ~ when making backup files</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_loadfont"><strong>loadfont</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-loadfont &lt; font
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Load a console font from standard input</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_loadkmap"><strong>loadkmap</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-loadkmap &lt; keymap
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Load a binary keyboard translation table from standard input</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_logger"><strong>logger</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="loadfont" class="item"><strong>loadfont</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-logger [OPTIONS] [MESSAGE]
+<p>loadfont &lt; font</p>
+<p>Load a console font from stdin</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="loadkmap" class="item"><strong>loadkmap</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Write MESSAGE to the system log. If MESSAGE is omitted, log stdin.</p>
+<p>loadkmap &lt; keymap</p>
+<p>Load a binary keyboard translation table from stdin</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="logger" class="item"><strong>logger</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>logger [OPTIONS] [MESSAGE]</p>
+<p>Write MESSAGE (or stdin) to syslog</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Log to stderr as well as the system log
-t TAG Log using the specified tag (defaults to user name)
-p PRIO Priority (numeric or facility.level pair)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_login"><strong>login</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-login [-p] [-h HOST] [[-f] USER]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="login" class="item"><strong>login</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>login [-p] [-h HOST] [[-f] USER]</p>
<p>Begin a new session on the system</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Don't authenticate (user already authenticated)
-h Name of the remote host
-p Preserve environment</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_logname"><strong>logname</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-logname
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="logname" class="item"><strong>logname</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>logname</p>
<p>Print the name of the current user</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_logread"><strong>logread</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-logread [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="logread" class="item"><strong>logread</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>logread [-f]</p>
<p>Show messages in syslogd's circular buffer</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Output data as log grows</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_losetup"><strong>losetup</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="losetup" class="item"><strong>losetup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>losetup [-o OFS] LOOPDEV FILE - associate loop devices
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>losetup [-o OFS] LOOPDEV FILE - associate loop devices
<tr><td><td>losetup -d LOOPDEV - disassociate
-<tr><td><td>losetup [-f] - show</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>losetup [-f] - show</table></p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-o OFS Start OFS bytes into FILE
-f Show first free loop device</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lpd"><strong>lpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lpd SPOOLDIR [HELPER [ARGS]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lpd" class="item"><strong>lpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lpd SPOOLDIR [HELPER [ARGS]]</p>
<p>SPOOLDIR must contain (symlinks to) device nodes or directories
with names matching print queue names. In the first case, jobs are
sent directly to the device. Otherwise each job is stored in queue
directory and HELPER program is called. Name of file to print
is passed in $DATAFILE variable.
Example:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
tcpsvd -E 0 515 softlimit -m 999999 lpd /var/spool ./print</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lpq"><strong>lpq</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lpq [-P queue[@host[:port]]] [-U USERNAME] [-d JOBID...] [-fs]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lpq" class="item"><strong>lpq</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lpq [-P queue[@host[:port]]] [-U USERNAME] [-d JOBID]... [-fs]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P lp service to connect to (else uses $PRINTER)
-d Delete jobs
-f Force any waiting job to be printed
-s Short display</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lpr"><strong>lpr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lpr -P queue[@host[:port]] -U USERNAME -J TITLE -Vmh [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lpr" class="item"><strong>lpr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lpr -P queue[@host[:port]] -U USERNAME -J TITLE -Vmh [FILE]...</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P lp service to connect to (else uses $PRINTER)
-m Send mail on completion
-h Print banner page too
-V Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ls"><strong>ls</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ls [-1AacCdeFilnpLRrSsTtuvwxXhk] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ls" class="item"><strong>ls</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ls [-1AacCdeFilnpLRrSsTtuvwxXhk] [FILE]...</p>
<p>List directory contents</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-1 List in a single column
-A Don't list . and ..
@@ -2759,7 +2155,7 @@ ls [-1AacCdeFilnpLRrSsTtuvwxXhk] [FILE]...
-n List numeric UIDs and GIDs instead of names
-p Append indicator (one of /=@|) to entries
-L List entries pointed to by symlinks
- -R List subdirectories recursively
+ -R Recurse
-r Sort in reverse order
-S Sort by file size
-s List the size of each file, in blocks
@@ -2772,96 +2168,86 @@ ls [-1AacCdeFilnpLRrSsTtuvwxXhk] [FILE]...
-X Sort by extension
-h List sizes in human readable format (1K 243M 2G)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lsattr"><strong>lsattr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lsattr [-Radlv] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lsattr" class="item"><strong>lsattr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lsattr [-Radlv] [FILE]...</p>
<p>List file attributes on an ext2 fs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -R Recursively list subdirectories
+ -R Recurse
-a Don't hide entries starting with .
-d List directory entries instead of contents
-l List long flag names
-v List the file's version/generation number</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lsmod"><strong>lsmod</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lsmod
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>List the currently loaded kernel modules</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lspci"><strong>lspci</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="lsmod" class="item"><strong>lsmod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-lspci [-mk]
+<p>lsmod [-qfwrsv] MODULE [symbol=value]...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -r Remove MODULE (stacks) or do autoclean
+ -q Quiet
+ -v Verbose
+ -f Force
+ -w Wait for unload
+ -s Report via syslog instead of stderr</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lspci" class="item"><strong>lspci</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lspci [-mk]</p>
<p>List all PCI devices</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m Parseable output
-k Show driver</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lzmacat"><strong>lzmacat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lzmacat FILE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lzcat" class="item"><strong>lzcat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Uncompress to stdout</p>
+<p>lzcat FILE</p>
+<p>Decompress to stdout</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lzop"><strong>lzop</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="lzma" class="item"><strong>lzma</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-lzop [-cfvd123456789CF] [FILE]...
+<p>lzma -d [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILE (or stdin)</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -d Decompress
+ -c Write to stdout
+ -f Force</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lzop" class="item"><strong>lzop</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lzop [-cfvd123456789CF] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -1..9 Compression level
+ -d Decompress
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force
-v Verbose
- -d Decompress
-F Don't store or verify checksum
- -C Also write checksum of compressed block
- -1..9 Compression level</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_lzopcat"><strong>lzopcat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-lzopcat [-vCF] [FILE]...
+ -C Also write checksum of compressed block</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="lzopcat" class="item"><strong>lzopcat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>lzopcat [-vCF] [FILE]...</p>
<pre>
-v Verbose
-F Don't store or verify checksum</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_makedevs"><strong>makedevs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-makedevs [-d device_table] rootdir
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="makedevs" class="item"><strong>makedevs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>makedevs [-d device_table] rootdir</p>
<p>Create a range of special files as specified in a device table.
Device table entries take the form of:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>&lt;type&gt; &lt;mode&gt; &lt;uid&gt; &lt;gid&gt; &lt;major&gt; &lt;minor&gt; &lt;start&gt; &lt;inc&gt; &lt;count&gt;
Where name is the file name, type can be one of:
f Regular file
@@ -2873,105 +2259,67 @@ uid is the user id for the target file, gid is the group id for the
target file. The rest of the entries (major, minor, etc) apply to
to device special files. A '-' may be used for blank entries.</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_makemime"><strong>makemime</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-makemime [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="makemime" class="item"><strong>makemime</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>makemime [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Create multipart MIME-encoded message from FILEs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-o FILE Output. Default: stdout
-a HDR Add header. Examples:
&quot;From: user@host.org&quot;, &quot;Date: `date -R`&quot;
-c CT Content type. Default: text/plain
-C CS Charset. Default: us-ascii</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Other options are silently ignored</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_man"><strong>man</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-man [OPTIONS] [MANPAGE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="man" class="item"><strong>man</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>man [-aw] [MANPAGE]...</p>
<p>Format and display manual page</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Display all pages
-w Show page locations</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_md5sum"><strong>md5sum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-md5sum [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
- or: md5sum [OPTIONS] -c [FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="md5sum" class="item"><strong>md5sum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>md5sum [FILE]...
+ or: md5sum -c [-sw] [FILE]</p>
<p>Print or check MD5 checksums</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Check sums against given list
-s Don't output anything, status code shows success
-w Warn about improperly formatted checksum lines</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mdev"><strong>mdev</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mdev [-s]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mdev" class="item"><strong>mdev</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mdev [-s]</p>
<pre>
-s Scan /sys and populate /dev during system boot</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>It can be run by kernel as a hotplug helper. To activate it:
echo /sbin/mdev &gt; /proc/sys/kernel/hotplug
It uses /etc/mdev.conf with lines
[-]DEVNAME UID:GID PERM [&gt;|=PATH] [@|$|*PROG]</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mesg"><strong>mesg</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mesg [y|n]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mesg" class="item"><strong>mesg</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mesg [y|n]</p>
<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>Control write access to your terminal
<tr><td><td>y<td>Allow write access to your terminal
<tr><td><td>n<td>Disallow write access to your terminal</table></p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_microcom"><strong>microcom</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-microcom [-d DELAY] [-t TIMEOUT] [-s SPEED] [-X] TTY
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="microcom" class="item"><strong>microcom</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>microcom [-d DELAY] [-t TIMEOUT] [-s SPEED] [-X] TTY</p>
<p>Copy bytes for stdin to TTY and from TTY to stdout</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Wait up to DELAY ms for TTY output before sending every
next byte to it
@@ -2979,47 +2327,30 @@ microcom [-d DELAY] [-t TIMEOUT] [-s SPEED] [-X] TTY
-s Set serial line to SPEED
-X Disable special meaning of NUL and Ctrl-X from stdin</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkdir"><strong>mkdir</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkdir [OPTIONS] DIRECTORY...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkdir" class="item"><strong>mkdir</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkdir [OPTIONS] DIRECTORY...</p>
<p>Create DIRECTORY</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -m Mode
+ -m MODE Mode
-p No error if exists; make parent directories as needed</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkdosfs"><strong>mkdosfs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkdosfs [-v] [-n LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkdosfs" class="item"><strong>mkdosfs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkdosfs [-v] [-n LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<p>Make a FAT32 filesystem</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v Verbose
-n LBL Volume label</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mke2fs"><strong>mke2fs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mke2fs [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERCENT] [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mke2fs" class="item"><strong>mke2fs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mke2fs [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERCENT] [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<pre>
-b BLK_SIZE Block size, bytes
-F Force
@@ -3029,29 +2360,19 @@ mke2fs [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERCENT
-m PERCENT Percent of blocks to reserve for admin
-n Dry run</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkfifo"><strong>mkfifo</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkfifo [OPTIONS] name
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Create named pipe (identical to 'mknod name p')</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkfifo" class="item"><strong>mkfifo</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkfifo [-m MODE] NAME</p>
+<p>Create named pipe</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m MODE Mode (default a=rw)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkfs%2eext2"><strong>mkfs.ext2</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkfs.ext2 [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERCENT] [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkfs_ext2" class="item"><strong>mkfs.ext2</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkfs.ext2 [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERCENT] [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<pre>
-b BLK_SIZE Block size, bytes
-F Force
@@ -3061,185 +2382,129 @@ mkfs.ext2 [-Fn] [-b BLK_SIZE] [-i INODE_RATIO] [-I INODE_SIZE] [-m RESERVED_PERC
-m PERCENT Percent of blocks to reserve for admin
-n Dry run</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkfs%2eminix"><strong>mkfs.minix</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkfs.minix [-c | -l filename] [-nXX] [-iXX] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkfs_minix" class="item"><strong>mkfs.minix</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkfs.minix [-c | -l FILE] [-nXX] [-iXX] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<p>Make a MINIX filesystem</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Check device for bad blocks
-n [14|30] Maximum length of filenames
-i INODES Number of inodes for the filesystem
- -l FILENAME Read bad blocks list from FILENAME
+ -l FILE Read bad blocks list from FILE
-v Make version 2 filesystem</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkfs%2ereiser"><strong>mkfs.reiser</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkfs.reiser [-f] [-l LABEL] BLOCKDEV [4K-BLOCKS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkfs_reiser" class="item"><strong>mkfs.reiser</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkfs.reiser [-f] [-l LABEL] BLOCKDEV [4K-BLOCKS]</p>
<p>Make a ReiserFS V3 filesystem</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Force
-l LBL Volume label</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkfs%2evfat"><strong>mkfs.vfat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkfs.vfat [-v] [-n LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkfs_vfat" class="item"><strong>mkfs.vfat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkfs.vfat [-v] [-n LABEL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<p>Make a FAT32 filesystem</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v Verbose
-n LBL Volume label</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mknod"><strong>mknod</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mknod [OPTIONS] NAME TYPE MAJOR MINOR
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mknod" class="item"><strong>mknod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mknod [-m MODE] NAME TYPE MAJOR MINOR</p>
<p>Create a special file (block, character, or pipe)</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<pre>
- -m Create the special file using the specified mode (default a=rw)
-TYPEs include:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- b: Make a block device
- c or u: Make a character device
- p: Make a named pipe (MAJOR and MINOR are ignored)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkpasswd"><strong>mkpasswd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkpasswd [OPTIONS] [PASSWORD] [SALT]
+ -m MODE Creation mode (default a=rw)
+TYPE:
+ b Block device
+ c or u Character device
+ p Named pipe (MAJOR and MINOR are ignored)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkpasswd" class="item"><strong>mkpasswd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkpasswd [OPTIONS] [PASSWORD] [SALT]</p>
<p>Crypt the PASSWORD using <code>crypt(3)</code></p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P,--password-fd=N Read password from fd N
-m,--method=TYPE Encryption method TYPE
-S,--salt=SALT</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mkswap"><strong>mkswap</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mkswap [OPTIONS] BLOCKDEV
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mkswap" class="item"><strong>mkswap</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mkswap [-L LBL] BLOCKDEV [KBYTES]</p>
<p>Prepare BLOCKDEV to be used as swap partition</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-L LBL Label</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mktemp"><strong>mktemp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mktemp [-dt] [-p DIR] [TEMPLATE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mktemp" class="item"><strong>mktemp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mktemp [-dt] [-p DIR] [TEMPLATE]</p>
<p>Create a temporary file with name based on TEMPLATE and print its name.
TEMPLATE must end with XXXXXX (e.g. [/dir/]nameXXXXXX).</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Make a directory instead of a file
-t Generate a path rooted in temporary directory
-p DIR Use DIR as a temporary directory (implies -t)</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>For -t or -p, directory is chosen as follows:
$TMPDIR if set, else -p DIR, else /tmp</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_modprobe"><strong>modprobe</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-modprobe [-knqrsvb] MODULE [symbol=value...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="modinfo" class="item"><strong>modinfo</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>modinfo [-adlp0] [-F keyword] MODULE</p>
<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -a Shortcut for '-F author'
+ -d Shortcut for '-F description'
+ -l Shortcut for '-F license'
+ -p Shortcut for '-F parm'
+ -F keyword Keyword to look for
+ -0 Separate output with NULs</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="modprobe" class="item"><strong>modprobe</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>modprobe [-qfwrsv] MODULE [symbol=value]...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
- -k Make module autoclean-able
- -n Dry run
+ -r Remove MODULE (stacks) or do autoclean
-q Quiet
- -r Remove module (stacks) or do autoclean
- -s Report via syslog instead of stderr
-v Verbose
- -b Apply blacklist to module names too</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_more"><strong>more</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-more [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>View FILE or standard input one screenful at a time</p>
+ -f Force
+ -w Wait for unload
+ -s Report via syslog instead of stderr</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mount"><strong>mount</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="more" class="item"><strong>more</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-mount [OPTIONS] [-o OPTS] DEVICE NODE
+<p>more [FILE]...</p>
+<p>View FILE (or stdin) one screenful at a time</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mount" class="item"><strong>mount</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mount [OPTIONS] [-o OPTS] DEVICE NODE</p>
<p>Mount a filesystem. Filesystem autodetection requires /proc.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Mount all filesystems in fstab
- -f Dry run
+ -f Update /etc/mtab, but don't mount
-i Don't run mount helper
+ -n Don't update /etc/mtab
-r Read-only mount
-w Read-write mount (default)
-t FSTYPE Filesystem type
@@ -3261,162 +2526,150 @@ mount [OPTIONS] [-o OPTS] DEVICE NODE
move Relocate an existing mount point
remount Remount a mounted filesystem, changing flags
ro/rw Same as -r/-w</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>There are filesystem-specific -o flags.</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mountpoint"><strong>mountpoint</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mountpoint [-q] &lt;[-dn] DIR | -x DEVICE&gt;
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mountpoint" class="item"><strong>mountpoint</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mountpoint [-q] &lt;[-dn] DIR | -x DEVICE&gt;</p>
<p>Check if the directory is a mountpoint</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-q Quiet
-d Print major/minor device number of the filesystem
-n Print device name of the filesystem
-x Print major/minor device number of the blockdevice</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mt"><strong>mt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="mpstat" class="item"><strong>mpstat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-mt [-f device] opcode value
+<p>mpstat [-A] [-I SUM|CPU|ALL|SCPU] [-u] [-P num|ALL] [INTERVAL [COUNT]]</p>
+<p>Per-processor statistics</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -A Same as -I ALL -u -P ALL
+ -I SUM|CPU|ALL|SCPU Report interrupt statistics
+ -P num|ALL Processor to monitor
+ -u Report CPU utilization</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mt" class="item"><strong>mt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mt [-f device] opcode value</p>
<p>Control magnetic tape drive operation</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Available Opcodes:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>bsf bsfm bsr bss datacompression drvbuffer eof eom erase
fsf fsfm fsr fss load lock mkpart nop offline ras1 ras2
ras3 reset retension rewind rewoffline seek setblk setdensity
setpart tell unload unlock weof wset</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_mv"><strong>mv</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-mv [OPTIONS] SOURCE DEST
-or: mv [OPTIONS] SOURCE... DIRECTORY
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move <code>SOURCE(s)</code> to DIRECTORY</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="mv" class="item"><strong>mv</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>mv [-fin] SOURCE DEST
+or: mv [-fin] SOURCE... DIRECTORY</p>
+<p>Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Don't prompt before overwriting
- -i Interactive, prompt before overwrite</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_nameif"><strong>nameif</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-nameif [-s] [-c FILE] [{IFNAME MACADDR}]
+ -i Interactive, prompt before overwrite
+ -n Don't overwrite an existing file</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nameif" class="item"><strong>nameif</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nameif [-s] [-c FILE] [{IFNAME MACADDR}]</p>
<p>Rename network interface while it in the down state</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c FILE Use configuration file (default: /etc/mactab)
-s Use syslog (LOCAL0 facility)
IFNAME MACADDR new_interface_name interface_mac_address</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_nc"><strong>nc</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-nc [OPTIONS] HOST PORT - connect
-nc [OPTIONS] -l -p PORT [HOST] [PORT] - listen
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nanddump" class="item"><strong>nanddump</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nanddump [-o] [-b] [-s ADDR] [-f FILE] MTD_DEVICE</p>
+<p>Dump the sepcified MTD device</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -e PROG Run PROG after connect (must be last)
- -l Listen mode, for inbound connects
- -n Don't do DNS resolution
- -s ADDR Local address
- -p PORT Local port
- -u UDP mode
- -v Verbose
- -w SEC Timeout for connects and final net reads
- -i SEC Delay interval for lines sent
- -o FILE Hex dump traffic
- -z Zero-I/O mode (scanning)</pre>
+ -o Omit oob data
+ -b Omit bad block from the dump
+ -s ADDR Start address
+ -l LEN Length
+ -f FILE Dump to file ('-' for stdout)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_netstat"><strong>netstat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="nandwrite" class="item"><strong>nandwrite</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-netstat [-laentuwxrWp]
+<p>nandwrite [-p] [-s ADDR] MTD_DEVICE [FILE]</p>
+<p>Write to the specified MTD device</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -p Pad to page size
+ -s ADDR Start address</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nbd_client" class="item"><strong>nbd-client</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Display networking information</p>
+<p>nbd-client HOST PORT BLOCKDEV</p>
+<p>Connect to HOST and provide a network block device on BLOCKDEV</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nc" class="item"><strong>nc</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nc [OPTIONS] HOST PORT - connect
+nc [OPTIONS] -l -p PORT [HOST] [PORT] - listen</p>
<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -e PROG Run PROG after connect (must be last)
+ -l Listen mode, for inbound connects
+ -p PORT Local port
+ -s ADDR Local address
+ -w SEC Timeout for connects and final net reads
+ -i SEC Delay interval for lines sent
+ -n Don't do DNS resolution
+ -u UDP mode
+ -v Verbose
+ -o FILE Hex dump traffic
+ -z Zero-I/O mode (scanning)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="netstat" class="item"><strong>netstat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>netstat [-ral] [-tuwx] [-enWp]</p>
+<p>Display networking information</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
- -l Display listening server sockets
- -a Display all sockets (default: connected)
- -e Display other/more information
- -n Don't resolve names
- -t Tcp sockets
- -u Udp sockets
+ -r Routing table
+ -a All sockets
+ -l Listening sockets
+ Else: connected sockets
+ -t TCP sockets
+ -u UDP sockets
-w Raw sockets
-x Unix sockets
- -r Display routing table
- -W Display with no column truncation
- -p Display PID/Program name for sockets</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_nice"><strong>nice</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-nice [-n ADJUST] [PROG [ARGS]]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Run PROG with modified scheduling priority</p>
+ Else: all socket types
+ -e Other/more information
+ -n Don't resolve names
+ -W Wide display
+ -p Show PID/program name for sockets</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nice" class="item"><strong>nice</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nice [-n ADJUST] [PROG ARGS]</p>
+<p>Change scheduling priority, run PROG</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n ADJUST Adjust priority by ADJUST</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_nmeter"><strong>nmeter</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-nmeter format_string
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nmeter" class="item"><strong>nmeter</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nmeter format_string</p>
<p>Monitor system in real time</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Format specifiers:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
%Nc or %[cN] Monitor CPU. N - bar size, default 10
(displays: S:system U:user N:niced D:iowait I:irq i:softirq)
@@ -3435,112 +2688,84 @@ nmeter format_string
%Nd Milliseconds between updates (default:1000)
%r Print &lt;cr&gt; instead of &lt;lf&gt; at EOL</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_nohup"><strong>nohup</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-nohup PROG [ARGS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="nohup" class="item"><strong>nohup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>nohup PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Run PROG immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ntpd"><strong>ntpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="nslookup" class="item"><strong>nslookup</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-ntpd [-dnqwl] [-S PROG] [-p PEER]...
+<p>nslookup [HOST] [SERVER]</p>
+<p>Query the nameserver for the IP address of the given HOST
+optionally using a specified DNS server</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ntpd" class="item"><strong>ntpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ntpd [-dnqNwl] [-S PROG] [-p PEER]...</p>
<p>NTP client/server</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Verbose
-n Do not daemonize
-q Quit after clock is set
+ -N Run at high priority
-w Do not set time (only query peers), implies -n
-l Run as server on port 123
-S PROG Run PROG after stepping time, stratum change, and every 11 mins
-p PEER Obtain time from PEER (may be repeated)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_od"><strong>od</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-od [-aBbcDdeFfHhIiLlOovXx] [-t TYPE] [FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="od" class="item"><strong>od</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>od [-aBbcDdeFfHhIiLlOovXx] [-t TYPE] [FILE]</p>
<p>Write an unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE
-(or standard input) to standard output.</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_openvt"><strong>openvt</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-openvt [-c N] [-sw] [PROG [ARGS]]
+(or stdin) to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="openvt" class="item"><strong>openvt</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>openvt [-c N] [-sw] [PROG ARGS]</p>
<p>Start PROG on a new virtual terminal</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c N Use specified VT
-s Switch to the VT
-w Wait for PROG to exit</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_passwd"><strong>passwd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-passwd [OPTIONS] [USER]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="passwd" class="item"><strong>passwd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>passwd [OPTIONS] [USER]</p>
<p>Change USER's password. If no USER is specified,
changes the password for the current user.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -a Algorithm to use for password (des, md5)
+ -a ALG Algorithm to use for password (des, md5)
-d Delete password for the account
-l Lock (disable) account
-u Unlock (re-enable) account</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_patch"><strong>patch</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-patch [OPTIONS] [ORIGFILE [PATCHFILE]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="patch" class="item"><strong>patch</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>patch [OPTIONS] [ORIGFILE [PATCHFILE]]</p>
<pre>
- -p,--strip N Strip N leading components from file names
- -i,--input DIFF Read DIFF instead of stdin
- -R,--reverse Reverse patch
- -N,--forward Ignore already applied patches
- --dry-run Don't actually change files</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pgrep"><strong>pgrep</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pgrep [-flnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Display <code>process(es)</code> selected by regex PATTERN</p>
+ -p,--strip N Strip N leading components from file names
+ -i,--input DIFF Read DIFF instead of stdin
+ -R,--reverse Reverse patch
+ -N,--forward Ignore already applied patches
+ --dry-run Don't actually change files
+ -E,--remove-empty-files Remove output files if they become empty</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pgrep" class="item"><strong>pgrep</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pgrep [-flnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]</p>
+<p>Display process(es) selected by regex PATTERN</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l Show command name too
-f Match against entire command line
@@ -3551,39 +2776,25 @@ pgrep [-flnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]
-s Match session ID (0 for current)
-P Match parent process ID</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pidof"><strong>pidof</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pidof [OPTIONS] [NAME...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pidof" class="item"><strong>pidof</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pidof [OPTIONS] [NAME]...</p>
<p>List PIDs of all processes with names that match NAMEs</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Show only one PID
-o PID Omit given pid
Use %PPID to omit pid of pidof's parent</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ping"><strong>ping</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ping [OPTIONS] HOST
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ping" class="item"><strong>ping</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ping [OPTIONS] HOST</p>
<p>Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -4, -6 Force IP or IPv6 name resolution
+ -4,-6 Force IP or IPv6 name resolution
-c CNT Send only CNT pings
-s SIZE Send SIZE data bytes in packets (default:56)
-I IFACE/IP Use interface or IP address as source
@@ -3594,19 +2805,12 @@ ping [OPTIONS] HOST
-q Quiet, only displays output at start
and when finished</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ping6"><strong>ping6</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ping6 [OPTIONS] HOST
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ping6" class="item"><strong>ping6</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ping6 [OPTIONS] HOST</p>
<p>Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c CNT Send only CNT pings
-s SIZE Send SIZE data bytes in packets (default:56)
@@ -3614,29 +2818,19 @@ ping6 [OPTIONS] HOST
-q Quiet, only displays output at start
and when finished</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pivot_root"><strong>pivot_root</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pivot_root NEW_ROOT PUT_OLD
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pivot_root" class="item"><strong>pivot_root</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pivot_root NEW_ROOT PUT_OLD</p>
<p>Move the current root file system to PUT_OLD and make NEW_ROOT
the new root file system</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pkill"><strong>pkill</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pkill [-l|-SIGNAL] [-fnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Send a signal to <code>process(es)</code> selected by regex PATTERN</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pkill" class="item"><strong>pkill</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pkill [-l|-SIGNAL] [-fnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]</p>
+<p>Send a signal to process(es) selected by regex PATTERN</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List all signals
-f Match against entire command line
@@ -3647,95 +2841,81 @@ pkill [-l|-SIGNAL] [-fnovx] [-s SID|-P PPID|PATTERN]
-s Match session ID (0 for current)
-P Match parent process ID</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_popmaildir"><strong>popmaildir</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="pmap" class="item"><strong>pmap</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-popmaildir [OPTIONS] MAILDIR [CONN_HELPER ARGS]
+<p>pmap [-x][-q] PID</p>
+<p>Display detailed precesses' memory usage</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -x show details
+ -q quiet</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="popmaildir" class="item"><strong>popmaildir</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>popmaildir [OPTIONS] MAILDIR [CONN_HELPER ARGS]</p>
<p>Fetch content of remote mailbox to local maildir</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Skip authorization
- -T Get messages with TOP instead with RETR
+ -T Get messages with TOP instead of RETR
-k Keep retrieved messages on the server
-t SEC Network timeout
- -F &quot;PROG ARGS&quot; Filter program. May be multiple
+ -F &quot;PROG ARGS&quot; Filter program (may be repeated)
-M &quot;PROG ARGS&quot; Delivery program</pre>
+<p>Fetch from plain POP3 server:
+popmaildir -k DIR nc pop3.server.com 110 &lt;user_and_pass.txt
+Fetch from SSLed POP3 server and delete fetched emails:
+popmaildir DIR -- openssl s_client -quiet -connect pop3.server.com:995 &lt;user_and_pass.txt</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_poweroff"><strong>poweroff</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-poweroff [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="poweroff" class="item"><strong>poweroff</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>poweroff [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f]</p>
<p>Halt and shut off power</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -d Delay interval for halting
- -n No call to sync()
- -f Force power off (don't go through init)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_printenv"><strong>printenv</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-printenv [VARIABLE...]
+ -d SEC Delay interval
+ -n Do not sync
+ -f Force (don't go through init)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="powertop" class="item"><strong>powertop</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Print all or part of environment.
-If no environment VARIABLE specified, print them all.</p>
+<p>powertop</p>
+<p>Analyze power consumption on Intel-based laptops</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_printf"><strong>printf</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="printenv" class="item"><strong>printenv</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT...]
+<p>printenv [VARIABLE]...</p>
+<p>Print environment VARIABLEs.
+If no VARIABLE specified, print all.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="printf" class="item"><strong>printf</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Format and print <code>ARGUMENT(s)</code> according to FORMAT,
+<p>printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT]...</p>
+<p>Format and print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT,
where FORMAT controls the output exactly as in C printf</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ps"><strong>ps</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ps
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Report process status</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ps" class="item"><strong>ps</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ps [-o COL1,COL2=HEADER] [-T]</p>
+<p>Show list of processes</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -o col1,col2=header Select columns for display
+ -o COL1,COL2=HEADER Select columns for display
-T Show threads</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pscan"><strong>pscan</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pscan [-cb] [-p MIN_PORT] [-P MAX_PORT] [-t TIMEOUT] [-T MIN_RTT] HOST
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pscan" class="item"><strong>pscan</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pscan [-cb] [-p MIN_PORT] [-P MAX_PORT] [-t TIMEOUT] [-T MIN_RTT] HOST</p>
<p>Scan a host, print all open ports</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Show closed ports too
-b Show blocked ports too
@@ -3744,82 +2924,60 @@ pscan [-cb] [-p MIN_PORT] [-P MAX_PORT] [-t TIMEOUT] [-T MIN_RTT] HOST
-t Timeout (default 5000 ms)
-T Minimum rtt (default 5 ms, increase for congested hosts)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_pwd"><strong>pwd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-pwd
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="pwd" class="item"><strong>pwd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>pwd</p>
<p>Print the full filename of the current working directory</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_raidautorun"><strong>raidautorun</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-raidautorun DEVICE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="raidautorun" class="item"><strong>raidautorun</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>raidautorun DEVICE</p>
<p>Tell the kernel to automatically search and start RAID arrays</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rdate"><strong>rdate</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rdate [-sp] HOST
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rdate" class="item"><strong>rdate</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rdate [-sp] HOST</p>
<p>Get and possibly set the system date and time from a remote HOST</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Set the system date and time (default)
-p Print the date and time</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rdev"><strong>rdev</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rdev
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rdev" class="item"><strong>rdev</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rdev</p>
<p>Print the device node associated with the filesystem mounted at '/'</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_readlink"><strong>readlink</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="readahead" class="item"><strong>readahead</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-readlink [-fnv] FILE
+<p>readahead [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Preload FILEs to RAM</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="readlink" class="item"><strong>readlink</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>readlink [-fnv] FILE</p>
<p>Display the value of a symlink</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Canonicalize by following all symlinks
-n Don't add newline
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_readprofile"><strong>readprofile</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-readprofile [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="readprofile" class="item"><strong>readprofile</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>readprofile [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m mapfile (Default: /boot/System.map)
-p profile (Default: /proc/profile)
- -M mult Set the profiling multiplier to mult
+ -M NUM Set the profiling multiplier to NUM
-i Print only info about the sampling step
-v Verbose
-a Print all symbols, even if count is 0
@@ -3828,203 +2986,157 @@ readprofile [OPTIONS]
-r Reset all the counters (root only)
-n Disable byte order auto-detection</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_realpath"><strong>realpath</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-realpath pathname...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Return the absolute pathnames of given argument</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_reboot"><strong>reboot</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="realpath" class="item"><strong>realpath</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-reboot [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f]
+<p>realpath FILE...</p>
+<p>Return the absolute pathnames of given FILE</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="reboot" class="item"><strong>reboot</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>reboot [-d DELAY] [-n] [-f]</p>
<p>Reboot the system</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -d Delay interval for rebooting
- -n No call to sync()
- -f Force reboot (don't go through init)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_reformime"><strong>reformime</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-reformime [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
+ -d SEC Delay interval
+ -n Do not sync
+ -f Force (don't go through init)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="reformime" class="item"><strong>reformime</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>reformime [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Parse MIME-encoded message</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -x prefix Extract content of MIME sections to files
- -X prog [args] Filter content of MIME sections through prog.
+ -x PREFIX Extract content of MIME sections to files
+ -X PROG ARGS Filter content of MIME sections through PROG
Must be the last option</pre>
+<p>Other options are silently ignored</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="remove_shell" class="item"><strong>remove-shell</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Other options are silently ignored.</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_renice"><strong>renice</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-renice {{-n INCREMENT} | PRIORITY} [[-p | -g | -u] ID...]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Change priority of running processes</p>
+<p>remove-shell SHELL...</p>
+<p>Remove SHELLs from /etc/shells</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="renice" class="item"><strong>renice</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>renice {{-n INCREMENT} | PRIORITY} [[-p | -g | -u] ID...]</p>
+<p>Change scheduling priority for a running process</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Adjust current nice value (smaller is faster)
-p Process id(s) (default)
-g Process group id(s)
-u Process user name(s) and/or id(s)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_reset"><strong>reset</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-reset
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="reset" class="item"><strong>reset</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>reset</p>
<p>Reset the screen</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_resize"><strong>resize</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-resize
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="resize" class="item"><strong>resize</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>resize</p>
<p>Resize the screen</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rm"><strong>rm</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="rev" class="item"><strong>rev</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-rm [OPTIONS] FILE...
+<p>rev [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Reverse lines of FILE</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rfkill" class="item"><strong>rfkill</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Remove (unlink) FILEs</p>
+<p>rfkill COMMAND [INDEX|TYPE]</p>
+<p>Enable/disable wireless devices</p>
+<p>Commands:</p>
+<pre>
+ list [INDEX|TYPE] List current state
+ block INDEX|TYPE Disable device
+ unblock INDEX|TYPE Enable device</pre>
+<pre>
+ TYPE: all, wlan(wifi), bluetooth, uwb(ultrawideband),
+ wimax, wwan, gps, fm</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rm" class="item"><strong>rm</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rm [-irf] FILE...</p>
+<p>Remove (unlink) FILEs</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-i Always prompt before removing
-f Never prompt
- -r,-R Remove directories recursively</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rmdir"><strong>rmdir</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rmdir [OPTIONS] DIRECTORY...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Remove the DIRECTORY, if it is empty</p>
+ -R,-r Recurse</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rmdir" class="item"><strong>rmdir</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rmdir [OPTIONS] DIRECTORY...</p>
+<p>Remove DIRECTORY if it is empty</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-p|--parents Include parents
--ignore-fail-on-non-empty</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rmmod"><strong>rmmod</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rmmod [OPTIONS] [MODULE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Unload the specified kernel modules from the kernel</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rmmod" class="item"><strong>rmmod</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rmmod [-qfwrsv] MODULE [symbol=value]...</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -w Wait until the module is no longer used
- -f Force unloading
- -a Remove all unused modules (recursively)</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_route"><strong>route</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-route [{add|del|delete}]
+ -r Remove MODULE (stacks) or do autoclean
+ -q Quiet
+ -v Verbose
+ -f Force
+ -w Wait for unload
+ -s Report via syslog instead of stderr</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="route" class="item"><strong>route</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>route [{add|del|delete}]</p>
<p>Edit kernel routing tables</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Don't resolve names
-e Display other/more information
-A inet{6} Select address family</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rpm"><strong>rpm</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rpm -i -q[ildc]p package.rpm
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rpm" class="item"><strong>rpm</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rpm -i PACKAGE.rpm; rpm -qp[ildc] PACKAGE.rpm</p>
<p>Manipulate RPM packages</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<p>Commands:</p>
<pre>
-i Install package
- -q Query package
- -p Query uninstalled package
+ -qp Query package
+Options:</pre>
+<pre>
-i Show information
-l List contents
-d List documents
-c List config files</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rpm2cpio"><strong>rpm2cpio</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rpm2cpio package.rpm
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rpm2cpio" class="item"><strong>rpm2cpio</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rpm2cpio package.rpm</p>
<p>Output a cpio archive of the rpm file</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rtcwake"><strong>rtcwake</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rtcwake [-a | -l | -u] [-d DEV] [-m MODE] [-s SEC | -t TIME]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rtcwake" class="item"><strong>rtcwake</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rtcwake [-a | -l | -u] [-d DEV] [-m MODE] [-s SEC | -t TIME]</p>
<p>Enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a,--auto Read clock mode from adjtime
-l,--local Clock is set to local time
@@ -4034,140 +3146,91 @@ rtcwake [-a | -l | -u] [-d DEV] [-m MODE] [-s SEC | -t TIME]
-s,--seconds=SEC Set the timeout in SEC seconds from now
-t,--time=TIME Set the timeout to TIME seconds from epoch</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_run%2dparts"><strong>run-parts</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-run-parts [-t] [-l] [-a ARG] [-u MASK] DIRECTORY
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Run a bunch of scripts in a directory</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="run_parts" class="item"><strong>run-parts</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>run-parts [-t] [-l] [-a ARG] [-u MASK] DIRECTORY</p>
+<p>Run a bunch of scripts in DIRECTORY</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-t Print what would be run, but don't actually run anything
-a ARG Pass ARG as argument for every program
-u MASK Set the umask to MASK before running every program
-l Print names of all matching files even if they are not executable</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_runlevel"><strong>runlevel</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-runlevel [utmp]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="runlevel" class="item"><strong>runlevel</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>runlevel [FILE]</p>
<p>Find the current and previous system runlevel</p>
+<p>If no utmp FILE exists or if no runlevel record can be found,
+print &quot;unknown&quot;</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="runsv" class="item"><strong>runsv</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>If no utmp file exists or if no runlevel record can be found,
-print ``unknown''</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_runsv"><strong>runsv</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-runsv dir
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<p>runsv DIR</p>
<p>Start and monitor a service and optionally an appendant log service</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_runsvdir"><strong>runsvdir</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-runsvdir [-P] [-s SCRIPT] dir
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="runsvdir" class="item"><strong>runsvdir</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>runsvdir [-P] [-s SCRIPT] DIR</p>
<p>Start a runsv process for each subdirectory. If it exits, restart it.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-P Put each runsv in a new session
-s SCRIPT Run SCRIPT &lt;signo&gt; after signal is processed</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_rx"><strong>rx</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-rx FILE
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="rx" class="item"><strong>rx</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>rx FILE</p>
<p>Receive a file using the xmodem protocol</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_script"><strong>script</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-script [-afqt] [-c PROG] [OUTFILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="script" class="item"><strong>script</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>script [-afqt] [-c PROG] [OUTFILE]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Append output
- -c Run PROG, not shell
+ -c PROG Run PROG, not shell
-f Flush output after each write
-q Quiet
-t Send timing to stderr</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_scriptreplay"><strong>scriptreplay</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-scriptreplay timingfile [typescript [divisor]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="scriptreplay" class="item"><strong>scriptreplay</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>scriptreplay timingfile [typescript [divisor]]</p>
<p>Play back typescripts, using timing information</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sed"><strong>sed</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sed [-efinr] SED_CMD [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sed" class="item"><strong>sed</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sed [-efinr] SED_CMD [FILE]...</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-e CMD Add CMD to sed commands to be executed
-f FILE Add FILE contents to sed commands to be executed
-i Edit files in-place (else sends result to stdout)
-n Suppress automatic printing of pattern space
-r Use extended regex syntax</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>If no -e or -f, the first non-option argument is the sed command string.
Remaining arguments are input files (stdin if none).</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sendmail"><strong>sendmail</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sendmail [OPTIONS] [RECIPIENT_EMAIL]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sendmail" class="item"><strong>sendmail</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sendmail [OPTIONS] [RECIPIENT_EMAIL]...</p>
<p>Read email from stdin and send it</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Standard options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-t Read additional recipients from message body
-f sender Sender (required)
-o options Various options. -oi implied, others are ignored
-i -oi synonym. implied and ignored</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Busybox specific options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-w seconds Network timeout
-H 'PROG ARGS' Run connection helper
@@ -4182,208 +3245,131 @@ sendmail [OPTIONS] [RECIPIENT_EMAIL]...
-au&lt;username&gt; Username for AUTH LOGIN
-ap&lt;password&gt; Password for AUTH LOGIN
-am&lt;method&gt; Authentication method. Ignored. LOGIN is implied</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Other options are silently ignored; -oi -t is implied
Use makemime applet to create message with attachments</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_seq"><strong>seq</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-seq [-w] [-s SEP] [FIRST [INC]] LAST
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="seq" class="item"><strong>seq</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>seq [-w] [-s SEP] [FIRST [INC]] LAST</p>
<p>Print numbers from FIRST to LAST, in steps of INC.
-FIRST, INC default to 1</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+FIRST, INC default to 1.</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-w Pad to last with leading zeros
-s SEP String separator</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setarch"><strong>setarch</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setarch personality program [args...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setarch" class="item"><strong>setarch</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setarch personality PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Personality may be:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
linux32 Set 32bit uname emulation
linux64 Set 64bit uname emulation</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setconsole"><strong>setconsole</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setconsole [-r|--reset] [DEVICE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setconsole" class="item"><strong>setconsole</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setconsole [-r|--reset] [DEVICE]</p>
<p>Redirect system console output to DEVICE (default: /dev/tty)</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-r Reset output to /dev/console</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setfont"><strong>setfont</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setfont FONT [-m MAPFILE] [-C TTY]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setfont" class="item"><strong>setfont</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setfont FONT [-m MAPFILE] [-C TTY]</p>
<p>Load a console font</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m MAPFILE Load console screen map
-C TTY Affect TTY instead of /dev/tty</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setkeycodes"><strong>setkeycodes</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setkeycodes SCANCODE KEYCODE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setkeycodes" class="item"><strong>setkeycodes</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setkeycodes SCANCODE KEYCODE...</p>
<p>Set entries into the kernel's scancode-to-keycode map,
allowing unusual keyboards to generate usable keycodes.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>SCANCODE may be either xx or e0xx (hexadecimal),
-and KEYCODE is given in decimal</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setlogcons"><strong>setlogcons</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setlogcons N
+and KEYCODE is given in decimal.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setlogcons" class="item"><strong>setlogcons</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setlogcons N</p>
<p>Redirect the kernel output to console N (0 for current)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setsid"><strong>setsid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setsid PROG [ARG...]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setsid" class="item"><strong>setsid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>setsid PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Run PROG in a new session. PROG will have no controlling terminal
and will not be affected by keyboard signals (Ctrl-C etc).
-See <a href="#item_setsid"><code>setsid(2)</code></a> for details.</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_setuidgid"><strong>setuidgid</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-setuidgid account prog args
+See <a href="#setsid"><code>setsid(2)</code></a> for details.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="setuidgid" class="item"><strong>setuidgid</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Set uid and gid to account's uid and gid, removing all supplementary
-groups and run PROG</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sha1sum"><strong>sha1sum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sha1sum [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
- or: sha1sum [OPTIONS] -c [FILE]
+<p>setuidgid USER PROG ARGS</p>
+<p>Set uid and gid to USER's uid and gid, drop supplementary group ids,
+run PROG</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sha1sum" class="item"><strong>sha1sum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sha1sum [FILE]...
+ or: sha1sum -c [-sw] [FILE]</p>
<p>Print or check SHA1 checksums</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Check sums against given list
-s Don't output anything, status code shows success
-w Warn about improperly formatted checksum lines</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sha256sum"><strong>sha256sum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sha256sum [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
- or: sha256sum [OPTIONS] -c [FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sha256sum" class="item"><strong>sha256sum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sha256sum [FILE]...
+ or: sha256sum -c [-sw] [FILE]</p>
<p>Print or check SHA256 checksums</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Check sums against given list
-s Don't output anything, status code shows success
-w Warn about improperly formatted checksum lines</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sha512sum"><strong>sha512sum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sha512sum [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
- or: sha512sum [OPTIONS] -c [FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sha512sum" class="item"><strong>sha512sum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sha512sum [FILE]...
+ or: sha512sum -c [-sw] [FILE]</p>
<p>Print or check SHA512 checksums</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Check sums against given list
-s Don't output anything, status code shows success
-w Warn about improperly formatted checksum lines</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_showkey"><strong>showkey</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-showkey [-a | -k | -s]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="showkey" class="item"><strong>showkey</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>showkey [-a | -k | -s]</p>
<p>Show keys pressed</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Display decimal/octal/hex values of the keys
-k Display interpreted keycodes (default)
-s Display raw scan-codes</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_slattach"><strong>slattach</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-slattach [-cehmLF] [-s SPEED] [-p PROTOCOL] DEVICE
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Attach network <code>interface(s)</code> to serial <code>line(s)</code></p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="slattach" class="item"><strong>slattach</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>slattach [-cehmLF] [-s SPEED] [-p PROTOCOL] DEVICE</p>
+<p>Attach network interface(s) to serial line(s)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-p PROT Set protocol (slip, cslip, slip6, clisp6 or adaptive)
-s SPD Set line speed
@@ -4394,31 +3380,27 @@ slattach [-cehmLF] [-s SPEED] [-p PROTOCOL] DEVICE
-L Enable 3-wire operation
-F Disable RTS/CTS flow control</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sleep"><strong>sleep</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sleep [N]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sleep" class="item"><strong>sleep</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sleep [N]...</p>
<p>Pause for a time equal to the total of the args given, where each arg can
have an optional suffix of (s)econds, (m)inutes, (h)ours, or (d)ays</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_softlimit"><strong>softlimit</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="smemcap" class="item"><strong>smemcap</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>softlimit [-a BYTES] [-m BYTES] [-d BYTES] [-s BYTES] [-l BYTES]
-<tr><td><td>[-f BYTES] [-c BYTES] [-r BYTES] [-o N] [-p N] [-t N]
-<tr><td><td>PROG ARGS</table>
+<p>smemcap &gt;SMEMDATA.TAR</p>
+<p>Collect memory usage data in /proc and write it to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="softlimit" class="item"><strong>softlimit</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>softlimit [-a BYTES] [-m BYTES] [-d BYTES] [-s BYTES] [-l BYTES]
+<tr><td><td>[-f BYTES] [-c BYTES] [-r BYTES] [-o N] [-p N] [-t N]
+<tr><td><td>PROG ARGS</table></p>
<p>Set soft resource limits, then run PROG</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a BYTES Limit total size of all segments
-m BYTES Same as -d BYTES -s BYTES -l BYTES -a BYTES
@@ -4428,32 +3410,21 @@ have an optional suffix of (s)econds, (m)inutes, (h)ours, or (d)ays</p>
-o N Limit number of open files per process
-p N Limit number of processes per uid
Options controlling file sizes:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f BYTES Limit output file sizes
-c BYTES Limit core file size
Efficiency opts:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-r BYTES Limit resident set size
-t N Limit CPU time, process receives
a SIGXCPU after N seconds</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sort"><strong>sort</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sort [-nrugMcszbdfimSTokt] [-o FILE] [-k start[.offset][opts][,end[.offset][opts]] [-t CHAR] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sort" class="item"><strong>sort</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sort [-nrugMcszbdfimSTokt] [-o FILE] [-k start[.offset][opts][,end[.offset][opts]] [-t CHAR] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Sort lines of text</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-b Ignore leading blanks
-c Check whether input is sorted
@@ -4473,36 +3444,24 @@ sort [-nrugMcszbdfimSTokt] [-o FILE] [-k start[.offset][opts][,end[.offset][opts
-z Lines are terminated by NUL, not newline
-mST Ignored for GNU compatibility</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_split"><strong>split</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-split [OPTIONS] [INPUT [PREFIX]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="split" class="item"><strong>split</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>split [OPTIONS] [INPUT [PREFIX]]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -b n[k|m] Split by bytes
- -l n Split by lines
- -a n Use n letters as suffix</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_start%2dstop%2ddaemon"><strong>start-stop-daemon</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-start-stop-daemon [OPTIONS] [-S|-K] ... [-- arguments...]
+ -b N[k|m] Split by N (kilo|mega)bytes
+ -l N Split by N lines
+ -a N Use N letters as suffix</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="start_stop_daemon" class="item"><strong>start-stop-daemon</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>start-stop-daemon [OPTIONS] [-S|-K] ... [-- ARGS...]</p>
<p>Search for matching processes, and then
-K: stop all matching processes.
-S: start a process unless a matching process is found.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Process matching:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-u,--user USERNAME|UID Match only this user's processes
-n,--name NAME Match processes with NAME
@@ -4522,36 +3481,23 @@ start-stop-daemon [OPTIONS] [-S|-K] ... [-- arguments...]
-s,--signal SIG Signal to send
-t,--test Match only, exit with 0 if a process is found
Other:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-o,--oknodo Exit with status 0 if nothing is done
-v,--verbose Verbose
-q,--quiet Quiet</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_stat"><strong>stat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-stat [OPTIONS] FILE...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="stat" class="item"><strong>stat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>stat [OPTIONS] FILE...</p>
<p>Display file (default) or filesystem status</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c fmt Use the specified format
-f Display filesystem status
- -L Dereference links
+ -L Follow links
-t Display info in terse form</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Valid format sequences for files:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
%a Access rights in octal
%A Access rights in human readable form
@@ -4566,7 +3512,7 @@ stat [OPTIONS] FILE...
%h Number of hard links
%i Inode number
%n File name
- %N Quoted file name with dereference if symlink
+ %N File name, with -&gt; TARGET if symlink
%o I/O block size
%s Total size, in bytes
%t Major device type in hex
@@ -4579,11 +3525,7 @@ stat [OPTIONS] FILE...
%Y Time of last modification as seconds since Epoch
%z Time of last change
%Z Time of last change as seconds since Epoch</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Valid format sequences for file systems:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
%a Free blocks available to non-superuser
%b Total data blocks in file system
@@ -4598,107 +3540,67 @@ stat [OPTIONS] FILE...
%t Type in hex
%T Type in human readable form</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_strings"><strong>strings</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-strings [-afo] [-n LEN] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="strings" class="item"><strong>strings</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>strings [-afo] [-n LEN] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Display printable strings in a binary file</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Scan whole file (default)
-f Precede strings with filenames
-n LEN At least LEN characters form a string (default 4)
-o Precede strings with decimal offsets</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_stty"><strong>stty</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-stty [-a|g] [-F DEVICE] [SETTING]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="stty" class="item"><strong>stty</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>stty [-a|g] [-F DEVICE] [SETTING]...</p>
<p>Without arguments, prints baud rate, line discipline,
and deviations from stty sane</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-F DEVICE Open device instead of stdin
-a Print all current settings in human-readable form
-g Print in stty-readable form
[SETTING] See manpage</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_su"><strong>su</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-su [OPTIONS] [-] [USERNAME]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="su" class="item"><strong>su</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>su [OPTIONS] [-] [USERNAME]</p>
<p>Change user id or become root</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-p,-m Preserve environment
-c CMD Command to pass to 'sh -c'
-s SH Shell to use instead of default shell</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sulogin"><strong>sulogin</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sulogin [OPTIONS] [TTY]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sulogin" class="item"><strong>sulogin</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sulogin [-t N] [TTY]</p>
<p>Single user login</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-t N Timeout</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sum"><strong>sum</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sum [-rs] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sum" class="item"><strong>sum</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sum [-rs] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Checksum and count the blocks in a file</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-r Use BSD sum algorithm (1K blocks)
-s Use System V sum algorithm (512byte blocks)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sv"><strong>sv</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sv [-v] [-w SEC] command service...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sv" class="item"><strong>sv</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sv [-v] [-w SEC] CMD SERVICE_DIR...</p>
<p>Control services monitored by runsv supervisor.
Commands (only first character is enough):</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>status: query service status
up: if service isn't running, start it. If service stops, restart it
once: like 'up', but if service stops, don't restart it
@@ -4709,92 +3611,56 @@ exit: send TERM and CONT signals to service and log service. If they exit,
pause, cont, hup, alarm, interrupt, quit, 1, 2, term, kill: send
STOP, CONT, HUP, ALRM, INT, QUIT, USR1, USR2, TERM, KILL signal to service</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_svlogd"><strong>svlogd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-svlogd [-ttv] [-r c] [-R abc] [-l len] [-b buflen] dir...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="svlogd" class="item"><strong>svlogd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Continuously read log data from standard input, optionally
+<p>svlogd [-ttv] [-r C] [-R CHARS] [-l MATCHLEN] [-b BUFLEN] DIR...</p>
+<p>Continuously read log data from stdin, optionally
filter log messages, and write the data to one or more automatically
rotated logs</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_swapoff"><strong>swapoff</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-swapoff [-a] [DEVICE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="swapoff" class="item"><strong>swapoff</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>swapoff [-a] [DEVICE]</p>
<p>Stop swapping on DEVICE</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Stop swapping on all swap devices</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_swapon"><strong>swapon</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-swapon [-a] [-p PRI] [DEVICE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="swapon" class="item"><strong>swapon</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>swapon [-a] [-p PRI] [DEVICE]</p>
<p>Start swapping on DEVICE</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Start swapping on all swap devices
-p PRI Set swap device priority</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_switch_root"><strong>switch_root</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-switch_root [-c /dev/console] NEW_ROOT NEW_INIT [ARGS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="switch_root" class="item"><strong>switch_root</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>switch_root [-c /dev/console] NEW_ROOT NEW_INIT [ARGS]</p>
<p>Free initramfs and switch to another root fs:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>chroot to NEW_ROOT, delete all in /, move NEW_ROOT to /,
execute NEW_INIT. PID must be 1. NEW_ROOT must be a mountpoint.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c DEV Reopen stdio to DEV after switch</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sync"><strong>sync</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sync
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sync" class="item"><strong>sync</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sync</p>
<p>Write all buffered blocks to disk</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_sysctl"><strong>sysctl</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-sysctl [OPTIONS] [VALUE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="sysctl" class="item"><strong>sysctl</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>sysctl [OPTIONS] [VALUE]...</p>
<p>Configure kernel parameters at runtime</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Don't print key names
-e Don't warn about unknown keys
@@ -4803,24 +3669,17 @@ sysctl [OPTIONS] [VALUE]...
-a Display all values
-A Display all values in table form</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_syslogd"><strong>syslogd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-syslogd [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="syslogd" class="item"><strong>syslogd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>syslogd [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>System logging utility.
-Note that this version of syslogd ignores /etc/syslog.conf.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+This version of syslogd ignores /etc/syslog.conf</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Run in foreground
-O FILE Log to given file (default:/var/log/messages)
- -l n Set local log level
+ -l N Set local log level
-S Smaller logging output
-s SIZE Max size (KB) before rotate (default:200KB, 0=off)
-b N N rotated logs to keep (default:1, max=99, 0=purge)
@@ -4829,167 +3688,112 @@ Note that this version of syslogd ignores /etc/syslog.conf.</p>
-D Drop duplicates
-C[size(KiB)] Log to shared mem buffer (read it using logread)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tac"><strong>tac</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tac [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tac" class="item"><strong>tac</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tac [FILE]...</p>
<p>Concatenate FILEs and print them in reverse</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tail"><strong>tail</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tail [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print last 10 lines of each FILE (or standard input) to standard output.
-With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving the file name.</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tail" class="item"><strong>tail</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tail [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Print last 10 lines of each FILE (or stdin) to stdout.
+With more than one FILE, precede each with a filename header.</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c N[kbm] Output last N bytes
- -n N[kbm] Print last N lines instead of last 10
- -f Output data as the file grows
- -q Never output headers giving file names
- -s SEC Wait SEC seconds between reads with -f
- -v Always output headers giving file names</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>If the first character of N (bytes or lines) is a '+', output begins with
-the Nth item from the start of each file, otherwise, print the last N items
-in the file. N bytes may be suffixed by k (x1024), b (x512), or m (1024^2).</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tar"><strong>tar</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tar -[czjaZxtvO] [-X FILE] [-f TARFILE] [-C DIR] [FILE]...
+ -f Print data as file grows
+ -s SECONDS Wait SECONDS between reads with -f
+ -n N[kbm] Print last N lines
+ -c N[kbm] Print last N bytes
+ -q Never print headers
+ -v Always print headers</pre>
+<p>N may be suffixed by k (x1024), b (x512), or m (x1024^2).
+If N starts with a '+', output begins with the Nth item from the start
+of each file, not from the end.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tar" class="item"><strong>tar</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tar -[cxtzjaZmvO] [-X FILE] [-f TARFILE] [-C DIR] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Create, extract, or list files from a tar file</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<p>Operation:</p>
<pre>
c Create
x Extract
t List
-Archive format selection:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<pre>
- z Filter the archive through gzip
- j Filter the archive through bzip2
- a Filter the archive through lzma
- Z Filter the archive through compress
-File selection:</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+Options:</pre>
<pre>
- f Name of TARFILE or &quot;-&quot; for stdin
+ f Name of TARFILE ('-' for stdin/out)
+ C Change to DIR before operation
+ v Verbose
+ z (De)compress using gzip
+ j (De)compress using bzip2
+ a (De)compress using lzma
+ Z (De)compress using compress
O Extract to stdout
+ h Follow symlinks
+ m Don't restore mtime
exclude File to exclude
X File with names to exclude
- C Change to directory DIR before operation
- v Verbose</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_taskset"><strong>taskset</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-taskset [-p] [MASK] [PID | PROG [ARGS]]
+ T File with names to include</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="taskset" class="item"><strong>taskset</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>taskset [-p] [MASK] [PID | PROG ARGS]</p>
<p>Set or get CPU affinity</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-p Operate on an existing PID</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tcpsvd"><strong>tcpsvd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tcpsvd [-hEv] [-c N] [-C N[:MSG]] [-b N] [-u USER] [-l NAME] IP PORT PROG
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tcpsvd" class="item"><strong>tcpsvd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Create TCP socket, bind to IP:PORT and listen
+<p>tcpsvd [-hEv] [-c N] [-C N[:MSG]] [-b N] [-u USER] [-l NAME] IP PORT PROG</p>
+<p>Create TCP socket, bind to IP:PORT and listen
for incoming connection. Run PROG for each connection.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
IP IP to listen on. '0' = all
PORT Port to listen on
- PROG [ARGS] Program to run
+ PROG ARGS Program to run
-l NAME Local hostname (else looks up local hostname in DNS)
-u USER[:GRP] Change to user/group after bind
-c N Handle up to N connections simultaneously
-b N Allow a backlog of approximately N TCP SYNs
- -C N[:MSG] Allow only up to N connections from the same IP
+ -C N[:MSG] Allow only up to N connections from the same IP.
New connections from this IP address are closed
immediately. MSG is written to the peer before close
-h Look up peer's hostname
-E Don't set up environment variables
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tee"><strong>tee</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tee [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Copy standard input to each FILE, and also to standard output</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tee" class="item"><strong>tee</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tee [-ai] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Copy stdin to each FILE, and also to stdout</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Append to the given FILEs, don't overwrite
-i Ignore interrupt signals (SIGINT)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_telnet"><strong>telnet</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-telnet [-a] [-l USER] HOST [PORT]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="telnet" class="item"><strong>telnet</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>telnet [-a] [-l USER] HOST [PORT]</p>
<p>Connect to telnet server</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Automatic login with $USER variable
-l USER Automatic login as USER</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_telnetd"><strong>telnetd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-telnetd [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="telnetd" class="item"><strong>telnetd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>telnetd [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>Handle incoming telnet connections</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l LOGIN Exec LOGIN on connect
-f ISSUE_FILE Display ISSUE_FILE instead of /etc/issue
@@ -4998,33 +3802,23 @@ telnetd [OPTIONS]
-p PORT Port to listen on
-b ADDR[:PORT] Address to bind to
-F Run in foreground
- -i Run as inetd service
- -w SEC Run as inetd service in wait mode, linger time SEC
+ -i Inetd mode
+ -w SEC Inetd 'wait' mode, linger time SEC
-S Log to syslog (implied by -i or without -F and -w)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_test"><strong>test</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-test EXPRESSION ]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="test" class="item"><strong>test</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>test EXPRESSION ]</p>
<p>Check file types, compare values etc. Return a 0/1 exit code
depending on logical value of EXPRESSION</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tftp"><strong>tftp</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tftp [OPTIONS] HOST [PORT]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tftp" class="item"><strong>tftp</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tftp [OPTIONS] HOST [PORT]</p>
<p>Transfer a file from/to tftp server</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l FILE Local FILE
-r FILE Remote FILE
@@ -5032,127 +3826,82 @@ tftp [OPTIONS] HOST [PORT]
-p Put file
-b SIZE Transfer blocks of SIZE octets</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tftpd"><strong>tftpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tftpd [-cr] [-u USER] [DIR]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tftpd" class="item"><strong>tftpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tftpd [-cr] [-u USER] [DIR]</p>
<p>Transfer a file on tftp client's request</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>tftpd should be used as an inetd service.
tftpd's line for inetd.conf:
69 dgram udp nowait root tftpd tftpd /files/to/serve
It also can be ran from udpsvd:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
udpsvd -vE 0.0.0.0 69 tftpd /files/to/serve</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-r Prohibit upload
-c Allow file creation via upload
-u Access files as USER</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_time"><strong>time</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-time [OPTIONS] PROG [ARGS]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Run PROG. When it finishes, its resource usage is displayed.</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="time" class="item"><strong>time</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>time [-v] PROG ARGS</p>
+<p>Run PROG, display resource usage when it exits</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_timeout"><strong>timeout</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-timeout [-t SECS] [-s SIG] PROG [ARGS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="timeout" class="item"><strong>timeout</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>timeout [-t SECS] [-s SIG] PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Runs PROG. Sends SIG to it if it is not gone in SECS seconds.
Defaults: SECS: 10, SIG: TERM.</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_top"><strong>top</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-top [-b] [-nCOUNT] [-dSECONDS] [-m]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="top" class="item"><strong>top</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>top [-b] [-nCOUNT] [-dSECONDS] [-m]</p>
<p>Provide a view of process activity in real time.
Read the status of all processes from /proc each SECONDS
-and show the status for however many processes will fit on the screen.</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_touch"><strong>touch</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-touch [-c] [-d DATE] FILE [FILE]...
+and display a screenful of them.</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="touch" class="item"><strong>touch</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>touch [-c] [-d DATE] [-r FILE] FILE [FILE]...</p>
<p>Update the last-modified date on the given FILE[s]</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Don't create files
- -d DT Date/time to use</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tr"><strong>tr</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tr [-cds] STRING1 [STRING2]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters from
-standard input, writing to standard output</p>
+ -d DT Date/time to use
+ -r FILE Use FILE's date/time</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tr" class="item"><strong>tr</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tr [-cds] STRING1 [STRING2]</p>
+<p>Translate, squeeze, or delete characters from stdin, writing to stdout</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Take complement of STRING1
-d Delete input characters coded STRING1
-s Squeeze multiple output characters of STRING2 into one character</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_traceroute"><strong>traceroute</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="traceroute" class="item"><strong>traceroute</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>traceroute [-46FIldnrv] [-f 1ST_TTL] [-m MAXTTL] [-p PORT] [-q PROBES]
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>traceroute [-46FIldnrv] [-f 1ST_TTL] [-m MAXTTL] [-p PORT] [-q PROBES]
<tr><td><td>[-s SRC_IP] [-t TOS] [-w WAIT_SEC] [-g GATEWAY] [-i IFACE]
-<tr><td><td>[-z PAUSE_MSEC] HOST [BYTES]</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>[-z PAUSE_MSEC] HOST [BYTES]</table></p>
<p>Trace the route to HOST</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -4, -6 Force IP or IPv6 name resolution
+ -4,-6 Force IP or IPv6 name resolution
-F Set the don't fragment bit
-I Use ICMP ECHO instead of UDP datagrams
- -l Display the ttl value of the returned packet
+ -l Display the TTL value of the returned packet
-d Set SO_DEBUG options to socket
-n Print numeric addresses
-r Bypass routing tables, send directly to HOST
@@ -5160,27 +3909,20 @@ standard input, writing to standard output</p>
-m Max time-to-live (max number of hops)
-p Base UDP port number used in probes
(default 33434)
- -q Number of probes per 'ttl' (default 3)
+ -q Number of probes per TTL (default 3)
-s IP address to use as the source address
-t Type-of-service in probe packets (default 0)
-w Time in seconds to wait for a response (default 3)
-g Loose source route gateway (8 max)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_traceroute6"><strong>traceroute6</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="traceroute6" class="item"><strong>traceroute6</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>traceroute6 [-dnrv] [-m MAXTTL] [-p PORT] [-q PROBES]
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>traceroute6 [-dnrv] [-m MAXTTL] [-p PORT] [-q PROBES]
<tr><td><td>[-s SRC_IP] [-t TOS] [-w WAIT_SEC] [-i IFACE]
-<tr><td><td>HOST [BYTES]</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>HOST [BYTES]</table></p>
<p>Trace the route to HOST</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-d Set SO_DEBUG options to socket
-n Print numeric addresses
@@ -5189,58 +3931,38 @@ standard input, writing to standard output</p>
-m Max time-to-live (max number of hops)
-p Base UDP port number used in probes
(default is 33434)
- -q Number of probes per 'ttl' (default 3)
+ -q Number of probes per TTL (default 3)
-s IP address to use as the source address
-t Type-of-service in probe packets (default 0)
-w Time in seconds to wait for a response (default 3)</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_true"><strong>true</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-true
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="true" class="item"><strong>true</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>true</p>
<p>Return an exit code of TRUE (0)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tty"><strong>tty</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tty
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print file name of standard input's terminal</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tty" class="item"><strong>tty</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tty</p>
+<p>Print file name of stdin's terminal</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Print nothing, only return exit status</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_ttysize"><strong>ttysize</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-ttysize [w] [h]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print <code>dimension(s)</code> of standard input's terminal, on error return 80x25</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tunctl"><strong>tunctl</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="ttysize" class="item"><strong>ttysize</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-tunctl [-f device] ([-t name] | -d name) [-u owner] [-g group] [-b]
+<p>ttysize [w] [h]</p>
+<p>Print dimension(s) of stdin's terminal, on error return 80x25</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tunctl" class="item"><strong>tunctl</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tunctl [-f device] ([-t name] | -d name) [-u owner] [-g group] [-b]</p>
<p>Create or delete tun interfaces</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f name tun device (/dev/net/tun)
-t name Create iface 'name'
@@ -5249,77 +3971,85 @@ tunctl [-f device] ([-t name] | -d name) [-u owner] [-g group] [-b]
-g group Set iface group
-b Brief output</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_tune2fs"><strong>tune2fs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-tune2fs [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="tune2fs" class="item"><strong>tune2fs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>tune2fs [-c MOUNT_CNT] [-i DAYS] [-L LABEL] BLOCKDEV</p>
<p>Adjust filesystem options on ext[23] filesystems</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_udhcpc"><strong>udhcpc</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="ubiattach" class="item"><strong>ubiattach</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>udhcpc [-Cfbnqtvo] [-c CID] [-V VCLS] [-H HOSTNAME] [-i INTERFACE]
-<tr><td><td>[-p pidfile] [-r IP] [-s script] [-O dhcp-option]... [-P N]</table>
+<p>ubiattach -m MTD_NUM [-d UBI_NUM] UBI_CTRL_DEV</p>
+<p>Attach MTD device to UBI</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -m MTD_NUM MTD device number to attach
+ -d UBI_NUM UBI device number to assign</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="ubidetach" class="item"><strong>ubidetach</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>ubidetach -d UBI_NUM UBI_CTRL_DEV</p>
+<p>Detach MTD device from UBI</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
- -V,--vendorclass=CLASSID Vendor class identifier
- -i,--interface=INTERFACE Interface to use (default eth0)
- -H,-h,--hostname=HOSTNAME Client hostname
- -c,--clientid=CLIENTID Client identifier
- -C,--clientid-none Suppress default client identifier
- -p,--pidfile=FILE Create pidfile
- -r,--request=IP IP address to request
- -s,--script=FILE Run FILE at DHCP events (default /usr/share/udhcpc/default.script)
- -t,--retries=N Send up to N discover packets
- -T,--timeout=N Pause between packets (default 3 seconds)
- -A,--tryagain=N Wait N seconds (default 20) after failure
- -O,--request-option=OPT Request DHCP option OPT (cumulative)
- -o,--no-default-options Don't request any options (unless -O is also given)
- -f,--foreground Run in foreground
- -b,--background Background if lease is not immediately obtained
- -S,--syslog Log to syslog too
- -n,--now Exit with failure if lease is not immediately obtained
- -q,--quit Quit after obtaining lease
- -R,--release Release IP on quit
- -P,--client-port N Use port N instead of default 68
- -a,--arping Use arping to validate offered address</pre>
+ -d UBI_NUM UBI device number</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_udhcpd"><strong>udhcpd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="udhcpc" class="item"><strong>udhcpc</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-udhcpd [-fS] [-P N] [configfile]
-</dd>
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>udhcpc [-fbnqvoCR] [-i IFACE] [-r IP] [-s PROG] [-p PIDFILE]
+<tr><td><td>[-H HOSTNAME] [-V VENDOR] [-x OPT:VAL]... [-O OPT]... [-P N]</table></p>
+<pre>
+ -i,--interface IFACE Interface to use (default eth0)
+ -p,--pidfile FILE Create pidfile
+ -s,--script PROG Run PROG at DHCP events (default /usr/share/udhcpc/default.script)
+ -t,--retries N Send up to N discover packets
+ -T,--timeout N Pause between packets (default 3 seconds)
+ -A,--tryagain N Wait N seconds after failure (default 20)
+ -f,--foreground Run in foreground
+ -n,--now Exit if lease is not obtained
+ -q,--quit Exit after obtaining lease
+ -R,--release Release IP on exit
+ -S,--syslog Log to syslog too
+ -P,--client-port N Use port N (default 68)
+ -a,--arping Use arping to validate offered address
+ -O,--request-option OPT Request option OPT from server (cumulative)
+ -o,--no-default-options Don't request any options (unless -O is given)
+ -r,--request IP Request this IP address
+ -x OPT:VAL Include option OPT in sent packets (cumulative)
+ Examples of string, numeric, and hex byte opts:
+ -x hostname:bbox - option 12
+ -x lease:3600 - option 51 (lease time)
+ -x 0x3d:0100BEEFC0FFEE - option 61 (client id)
+ -F,--fqdn NAME Ask server to update DNS mapping for NAME
+ -H,-h,--hostname NAME Send NAME as client hostname (default none)
+ -V,--vendorclass VENDOR Vendor identifier (default 'udhcp VERSION')
+ -C,--clientid-none Don't send MAC as client identifier
+ -v Verbose</pre>
+</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="udhcpd" class="item"><strong>udhcpd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>udhcpd [-fS] [-P N] [CONFFILE]</p>
<p>DHCP server</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Run in foreground
-S Log to syslog too
- -P N Use port N instead of default 67</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_udpsvd"><strong>udpsvd</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-udpsvd [-hEv] [-c N] [-u USER] [-l NAME] IP PORT PROG
+ -P N Use port N (default 67)</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="udpsvd" class="item"><strong>udpsvd</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>udpsvd [-hEv] [-c N] [-u USER] [-l NAME] IP PORT PROG</p>
<p>Create UDP socket, bind to IP:PORT and wait
for incoming packets. Run PROG for each packet,
redirecting all further packets with same peer ip:port to it.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
IP IP to listen on. '0' = all
PORT Port to listen on
- PROG [ARGS] Program to run
+ PROG ARGS Program to run
-l NAME Local hostname (else looks up local hostname in DNS)
-u USER[:GRP] Change to user/group after bind
-c N Handle up to N connections simultaneously
@@ -5327,39 +4057,26 @@ redirecting all further packets with same peer ip:port to it.</p>
-E Don't set up environment variables
-v Verbose</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_umount"><strong>umount</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-umount [OPTIONS] FILESYSTEM|DIRECTORY
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="umount" class="item"><strong>umount</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>umount [OPTIONS] FILESYSTEM|DIRECTORY</p>
<p>Unmount file systems</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -a Unmount all file systems
+ -a Unmount all file systems in /etc/mtab
+ -n Don't erase /etc/mtab entries
-r Try to remount devices as read-only if mount is busy
-l Lazy umount (detach filesystem)
-f Force umount (i.e., unreachable NFS server)
-d Free loop device if it has been used</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uname"><strong>uname</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uname [-amnrspv]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uname" class="item"><strong>uname</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uname [-amnrspv]</p>
<p>Print system information</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Print all
-m The machine (hardware) type
@@ -5369,54 +4086,33 @@ uname [-amnrspv]
-p Processor type
-v OS version</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uncompress"><strong>uncompress</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uncompress [-c] [-f] [FILE...]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Uncompress .Z file[s]</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uncompress" class="item"><strong>uncompress</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uncompress [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress .Z file[s]</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Extract to stdout
- -f Overwrite an existing file</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_unexpand"><strong>unexpand</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-unexpand [-f][-a][-t N] [FILE|-]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Convert spaces to tabs, writing to standard output</p>
+ -c Write to stdout
+ -f Overwrite</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="unexpand" class="item"><strong>unexpand</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>unexpand [-fa][-t N] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Convert spaces to tabs, writing to stdout</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a,--all Convert all blanks
-f,--first-only Convert only leading blanks
-t,--tabs=N Tabstops every N chars</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uniq"><strong>uniq</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uniq [-fscduw]... [INPUT [OUTPUT]]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uniq" class="item"><strong>uniq</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uniq [-cdu][-f,s,w N] [INPUT [OUTPUT]]</p>
<p>Discard duplicate lines</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Prefix lines by the number of occurrences
-d Only print duplicate lines
@@ -5425,133 +4121,97 @@ uniq [-fscduw]... [INPUT [OUTPUT]]
-s N Skip first N chars (after any skipped fields)
-w N Compare N characters in line</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_unix2dos"><strong>unix2dos</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-unix2dos [OPTIONS] [FILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="unix2dos" class="item"><strong>unix2dos</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>unix2dos [-ud] [FILE]</p>
<p>Convert FILE in-place from Unix to DOS format.
When no file is given, use stdin/stdout.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-u dos2unix
-d unix2dos</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_unlzma"><strong>unlzma</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-unlzma [OPTIONS] [FILE]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Uncompress FILE (or standard input)</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="unlzma" class="item"><strong>unlzma</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>unlzma [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILE (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_unlzop"><strong>unlzop</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-unlzop [-cfvCF] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="unlzop" class="item"><strong>unlzop</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>unlzop [-cfvCF] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
<pre>
- -c Write to standard output
+ -c Write to stdout
-f Force
-v Verbose
-F Don't store or verify checksum</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_unzip"><strong>unzip</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="unxz" class="item"><strong>unxz</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-unzip [-opts[modifiers]] file[.zip] [list] [-x xlist] [-d exdir]
+<p>unxz [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILE (or stdin)</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -c Write to stdout
+ -f Force</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="unzip" class="item"><strong>unzip</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>unzip [-opts[modifiers]] FILE[.zip] [LIST] [-x XLIST] [-d DIR]</p>
<p>Extract files from ZIP archives</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-l List archive contents (with -q for short form)
- -n Never overwrite existing files (default)
- -o Overwrite files without prompting
+ -n Never overwrite files (default)
+ -o Overwrite
-p Send output to stdout
-q Quiet
- -x Exclude these files
- -d Extract files into this directory</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uptime"><strong>uptime</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uptime
+ -x XLST Exclude these files
+ -d DIR Extract files into DIR</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uptime" class="item"><strong>uptime</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uptime</p>
<p>Display the time since the last boot</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_usleep"><strong>usleep</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-usleep N
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="usleep" class="item"><strong>usleep</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>usleep N</p>
<p>Pause for N microseconds</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uudecode"><strong>uudecode</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uudecode [-o OUTFILE] [INFILE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uudecode" class="item"><strong>uudecode</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uudecode [-o OUTFILE] [INFILE]</p>
<p>Uudecode a file
Finds outfile name in uuencoded source unless -o is given</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_uuencode"><strong>uuencode</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-uuencode [-m] [INFILE] STORED_FILENAME
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="uuencode" class="item"><strong>uuencode</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>uuencode [-m] [INFILE] STORED_FILENAME</p>
<p>Uuencode a file to stdout</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-m Use base64 encoding per RFC1521</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_vconfig"><strong>vconfig</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-vconfig COMMAND [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="vconfig" class="item"><strong>vconfig</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>vconfig COMMAND [OPTIONS]</p>
<p>Create and remove virtual ethernet devices</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
add [interface-name] [vlan_id]
rem [vlan-name]
@@ -5560,187 +4220,118 @@ vconfig COMMAND [OPTIONS]
set_ingress_map [vlan-name] [skb_priority] [vlan_qos]
set_name_type [name-type]</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_vi"><strong>vi</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-vi [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="vi" class="item"><strong>vi</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>vi [OPTIONS] [FILE]...</p>
<p>Edit FILE</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-c Initial command to run ($EXINIT also available)
- -R Read-only - don't write to the file
+ -R Read-only
-H Short help regarding available features</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_vlock"><strong>vlock</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-vlock [OPTIONS]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="vlock" class="item"><strong>vlock</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>vlock [-a]</p>
<p>Lock a virtual terminal. A password is required to unlock.</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-a Lock all VTs</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_volname"><strong>volname</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-volname [DEVICE]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="volname" class="item"><strong>volname</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>volname [DEVICE]</p>
<p>Show CD volume name of the DEVICE (default /dev/cdrom)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_wall"><strong>wall</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-wall [FILE]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Write content of FILE or standard-input to all logged-in users</p>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_watch"><strong>watch</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="wall" class="item"><strong>wall</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-watch [-n seconds] [-t] PROG [ARGS]
+<p>wall [FILE]</p>
+<p>Write content of FILE or stdin to all logged-in users</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="watch" class="item"><strong>watch</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>watch [-n SEC] [-t] PROG ARGS</p>
<p>Run PROG periodically</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-n Loop period in seconds (default 2)
-t Don't print header</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_watchdog"><strong>watchdog</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-watchdog [-t N[ms]] [-T N[ms]] [-F] DEV
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="watchdog" class="item"><strong>watchdog</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>watchdog [-t N[ms]] [-T N[ms]] [-F] DEV</p>
<p>Periodically write to watchdog device DEV</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-T N Reboot after N seconds if not reset (default 60)
-t N Reset every N seconds (default 30)
-F Run in foreground</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Use 500ms to specify period in milliseconds</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_wc"><strong>wc</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-wc [OPTIONS] [FILE]...
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Print line, word, and byte counts for each FILE, and a total line if
-more than one FILE is specified. With no FILE, read standard input.</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="wc" class="item"><strong>wc</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>wc [-cmlwL] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Count lines, words, and bytes for each FILE (or stdin)</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -c Print the byte counts
- -l Print the newline counts
- -L Print the length of the longest line
- -w Print the word counts</pre>
+ -c Count bytes
+ -m Count characters
+ -l Count newlines
+ -w Count words
+ -L Print longest line length</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_wget"><strong>wget</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="wget" class="item"><strong>wget</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>wget [-c|--continue] [-s|--spider] [-q|--quiet] [-O|--output-document file]
+<p><table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td>wget [-c|--continue] [-s|--spider] [-q|--quiet] [-O|--output-document FILE]
<tr><td><td>[--header 'header: value'] [-Y|--proxy on/off] [-P DIR]
-<tr><td><td>[-U|--user-agent agent] url</table>
-</dd>
-<dd>
+<tr><td><td>[--no-check-certificate] [-U|--user-agent AGENT][-T SEC] URL</table></p>
<p>Retrieve files via HTTP or FTP</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-s Spider mode - only check file existence
-c Continue retrieval of aborted transfer
-q Quiet
- -P Set directory prefix to DIR
- -O Save to filename ('-' for stdout)
- -U Adjust 'User-Agent' field
+ -P DIR Save to DIR (default .)
+ -T SEC Network read timeout is SEC seconds
+ -O FILE Save to FILE ('-' for stdout)
+ -U STR Use STR for User-Agent header
-Y Use proxy ('on' or 'off')</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_which"><strong>which</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-which [COMMAND]...
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="which" class="item"><strong>which</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>which [COMMAND]...</p>
<p>Locate a COMMAND</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_who"><strong>who</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-who [-a]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="who" class="item"><strong>who</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>who [-a]</p>
<p>Show who is logged on</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
- -a show all</pre>
-</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_whoami"><strong>whoami</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-whoami
+ -a Show all</pre>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="whoami" class="item"><strong>whoami</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>whoami</p>
<p>Print the user name associated with the current effective user id</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_xargs"><strong>xargs</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-xargs [OPTIONS] [PROG [ARGS]]
-</dd>
-<dd>
-<p>Run PROG on every item given by standard input</p>
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="xargs" class="item"><strong>xargs</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>xargs [OPTIONS] [PROG ARGS]</p>
+<p>Run PROG on every item given by stdin</p>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-p Ask user whether to run each command
-r Don't run command if input is empty
@@ -5751,48 +4342,50 @@ xargs [OPTIONS] [PROG [ARGS]]
-s N Pass command line of no more than N bytes
-x Exit if size is exceeded</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_yes"><strong>yes</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
-<dd>
-yes [OPTIONS] [STRING]
-</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="xz" class="item"><strong>xz</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Repeatedly output a line with STRING, or 'y'</p>
+<p>xz -d [-cf] [FILE]...</p>
+<p>Decompress FILE (or stdin)</p>
+<p>Options:</p>
+<pre>
+ -d Decompress
+ -c Write to stdout
+ -f Force</pre>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_zcat"><strong>zcat</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="xzcat" class="item"><strong>xzcat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-zcat FILE
+<p>xzcat FILE</p>
+<p>Decompress to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="yes" class="item"><strong>yes</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-<p>Uncompress to stdout</p>
+<p>yes [STRING]</p>
+<p>Repeatedly output a line with STRING, or 'y'</p>
</dd>
-<p></p>
-<dt><strong><a name="item_zcip"><strong>zcip</strong></a></strong><br />
-</dt>
+<dt><strong><a name="zcat" class="item"><strong>zcat</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
-zcip [OPTIONS] IFACE SCRIPT
+<p>zcat FILE</p>
+<p>Decompress to stdout</p>
</dd>
+<dt><strong><a name="zcip" class="item"><strong>zcip</strong></a></strong></dt>
+
<dd>
+<p>zcip [OPTIONS] IFACE SCRIPT</p>
<p>Manage a ZeroConf IPv4 link-local address</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>Options:</p>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<pre>
-f Run in foreground
-q Quit after obtaining address
-r 169.254.x.x Request this address first
-v Verbose</pre>
-</dd>
-<dd>
<p>With no -q, runs continuously monitoring for ARP conflicts,
exits only on I/O errors (link down etc)</p>
</dd>
-<p></p></dl>
+</dl>
<p>
</p>
<hr />
@@ -5945,6 +4538,21 @@ incorrect, please send in an update.</p>
<br><p>Tito Ragusa &lt;<a href="mailto:farmatito@tiscali.it">farmatito@tiscali.it</a>&gt;</p>
<pre>
devfsd and size optimizations in strings, openvt and deallocvt.</pre>
+<br><p>Paul Fox &lt;<a href="mailto:pgf@foxharp.boston.ma.us">pgf@foxharp.boston.ma.us</a>&gt;</p>
+<pre>
+ vi editing mode for ash, various other patches/fixes</pre>
+<br><p>Roberto A. Foglietta &lt;<a href="mailto:me@roberto.foglietta.name">me@roberto.foglietta.name</a>&gt;</p>
+<pre>
+ port: dnsd</pre>
+<br><p>Bernhard Reutner-Fischer &lt;<a href="mailto:rep.dot.nop@gmail.com">rep.dot.nop@gmail.com</a>&gt;</p>
+<pre>
+ misc</pre>
+<br><p>Mike Frysinger &lt;<a href="mailto:vapier@gentoo.org">vapier@gentoo.org</a>&gt;</p>
+<pre>
+ initial e2fsprogs, printenv, setarch, sum, misc</pre>
+<br><p>Jie Zhang &lt;<a href="mailto:jie.zhang@analog.com">jie.zhang@analog.com</a>&gt;</p>
+<pre>
+ fixed two bugs in msh and hush (exitcode of killed processes)</pre>
</body>