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authorDenys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>2009-10-20 20:12:11 (GMT)
committer Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>2009-10-20 20:12:11 (GMT)
commit5e1dbd5bc3c609c73037a41546c5ead240821558 (patch)
tree272c8328e8bbcae97c7487b6a9efc99b98b8f536
parente707a3000b2f6e2f684b6e85cd60590318d157c4 (diff)
downloadbusybox-5e1dbd5bc3c609c73037a41546c5ead240821558.tar.gz
busybox-5e1dbd5bc3c609c73037a41546c5ead240821558.tar.bz2
mkfs_ext2: another update by Vladimir
Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>
-rw-r--r--util-linux/mkfs_ext2.c147
-rwxr-xr-xutil-linux/mkfs_ext2_test.sh68
2 files changed, 126 insertions, 89 deletions
diff --git a/util-linux/mkfs_ext2.c b/util-linux/mkfs_ext2.c
index 3f4f5c6..be9e363 100644
--- a/util-linux/mkfs_ext2.c
+++ b/util-linux/mkfs_ext2.c
@@ -75,8 +75,8 @@ static unsigned int_log2(unsigned arg)
}
// taken from mkfs_minix.c. libbb candidate?
-// why "uint64_t size"? we never use it for anything >32 bits
-static uint32_t div_roundup(uint64_t size, uint32_t n)
+// "uint32_t size", since we never use it for anything >32 bits
+static uint32_t div_roundup(uint32_t size, uint32_t n)
{
// Overflow-resistant
uint32_t res = size / n;
@@ -176,12 +176,15 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
unsigned blocksize, blocksize_log2;
unsigned reserved_percent = 5;
unsigned long long kilobytes;
- uint32_t nblocks, nblocks_full, nreserved;
+ uint32_t nblocks, nblocks_full;
+ uint32_t nreserved;
uint32_t ngroups;
uint32_t bytes_per_inode;
uint32_t first_block;
uint32_t inodes_per_group;
- uint32_t gdtsz, itsz;
+ uint32_t group_desc_blocks;
+ uint32_t inode_table_blocks;
+ uint32_t lost_and_found_blocks;
time_t timestamp;
unsigned opts;
const char *label = "";
@@ -245,6 +248,8 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
) {
bb_error_msg_and_die("blocksize %u is bad", blocksize);
}
+ if ((int32_t)bytes_per_inode < blocksize)
+ bb_error_msg_and_die("-%c is bad", 'i');
// number of bits in one block, i.e. 8*blocksize
#define blocks_per_group (8 * blocksize)
first_block = (EXT2_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE == blocksize);
@@ -266,7 +271,6 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
// How many reserved blocks?
if (reserved_percent > 50)
bb_error_msg_and_die("-%c is bad", 'm');
- //nreserved = div_roundup((uint64_t) nblocks * reserved_percent, 100);
nreserved = (uint64_t)nblocks * reserved_percent / 100;
// N.B. killing e2fsprogs feature! Unused blocks don't account in calculations
@@ -279,10 +283,8 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
retry:
// N.B. a block group can have no more than blocks_per_group blocks
ngroups = div_roundup(nblocks - first_block, blocks_per_group);
- if (0 == ngroups)
- bb_error_msg_and_die("ngroups");
- gdtsz = div_roundup(ngroups, blocksize / sizeof(*gd));
+ group_desc_blocks = div_roundup(ngroups, blocksize / sizeof(*gd));
// TODO: reserved blocks must be marked as such in the bitmaps,
// or resulting filesystem is corrupt
if (ENABLE_FEATURE_MKFS_EXT2_RESERVED_GDT) {
@@ -294,15 +296,15 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
* We set it at 1024x the current filesystem size, or
* the upper block count limit (2^32), whichever is lower.
*/
- uint32_t rgdtsz = 0xFFFFFFFF; // maximum block number
- if (nblocks < rgdtsz / 1024)
- rgdtsz = nblocks * 1024;
- rgdtsz = div_roundup(rgdtsz - first_block, blocks_per_group);
- rgdtsz = div_roundup(rgdtsz, blocksize / sizeof(*gd)) - gdtsz;
- if (rgdtsz > blocksize / sizeof(uint32_t))
- rgdtsz = blocksize / sizeof(uint32_t);
- //TODO: STORE_LE(sb->s_reserved_gdt_blocks, rgdtsz);
- gdtsz += rgdtsz;
+ uint32_t reserved_group_desc_blocks = 0xFFFFFFFF; // maximum block number
+ if (nblocks < reserved_group_desc_blocks / 1024)
+ reserved_group_desc_blocks = nblocks * 1024;
+ reserved_group_desc_blocks = div_roundup(reserved_group_desc_blocks - first_block, blocks_per_group);
+ reserved_group_desc_blocks = div_roundup(reserved_group_desc_blocks, blocksize / sizeof(*gd)) - group_desc_blocks;
+ if (reserved_group_desc_blocks > blocksize / sizeof(uint32_t))
+ reserved_group_desc_blocks = blocksize / sizeof(uint32_t);
+ //TODO: STORE_LE(sb->s_reserved_gdt_blocks, reserved_group_desc_blocks);
+ group_desc_blocks += reserved_group_desc_blocks;
}
{
@@ -324,13 +326,25 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
inodes_per_group = (div_roundup(inodes_per_group * sizeof(*inode), blocksize) * blocksize) / sizeof(*inode);
// make sure the number of inodes per group is a multiple of 8
inodes_per_group &= ~7;
- itsz = div_roundup(inodes_per_group * sizeof(*inode), blocksize);
+ inode_table_blocks = div_roundup(inodes_per_group * sizeof(*inode), blocksize);
+
+ // to be useful, lost+found should occupy at least 2 blocks (but not exceeding 16*1024 bytes),
+ // and at most EXT2_NDIR_BLOCKS. So reserve these blocks right now
+ /* Or e2fsprogs comment verbatim (what does it mean?):
+ * Ensure that lost+found is at least 2 blocks, so we always
+ * test large empty blocks for big-block filesystems. */
+ lost_and_found_blocks = MIN(EXT2_NDIR_BLOCKS, 16 >> (blocksize_log2 - EXT2_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE));
// the last group needs more attention: isn't it too small for possible overhead?
- overhead = (has_super(ngroups - 1) ? (1/*sb*/ + gdtsz) : 0) + 1/*bbmp*/ + 1/*ibmp*/ + itsz;
+ overhead = (has_super(ngroups - 1) ? (1/*sb*/ + group_desc_blocks) : 0) + 1/*bbmp*/ + 1/*ibmp*/ + inode_table_blocks;
remainder = (nblocks - first_block) % blocks_per_group;
- if ((1 == ngroups) && remainder && (remainder < overhead))
- bb_error_msg_and_die("way small device");
+ ////can't happen, nblocks >= 60 guarantees this
+ ////if ((1 == ngroups)
+ //// && remainder
+ //// && (remainder < overhead + 1/* "/" */ + lost_and_found_blocks)
+ ////) {
+ //// bb_error_msg_and_die("way small device");
+ ////}
// Standard mke2fs uses 50. Looks like a bug in our calculation
// of "remainder" or "overhead" - we don't match standard mke2fs
// when we transition from one group to two groups
@@ -363,7 +377,7 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
, inodes_per_group * ngroups, nblocks
, nreserved, reserved_percent
, first_block
- , gdtsz * (blocksize / sizeof(*gd)) * blocks_per_group
+ , group_desc_blocks * (blocksize / sizeof(*gd)) * blocks_per_group
, ngroups
, blocks_per_group, blocks_per_group
, inodes_per_group
@@ -382,9 +396,11 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
}
bb_putchar('\n');
- // dry run? -> we are done
- if (opts & OPT_n)
- goto done;
+ if (opts & OPT_n) {
+ if (ENABLE_FEATURE_CLEAN_UP)
+ close(fd);
+ return EXIT_SUCCESS;
+ }
// TODO: 3/5 refuse if mounted
// TODO: 4/5 compat options
@@ -395,7 +411,7 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
// TODO: 3/5 dir_index?
// fill the superblock
- sb = xzalloc(blocksize);
+ sb = xzalloc(1024);
STORE_LE(sb->s_rev_level, 1); // revision 1 filesystem
STORE_LE(sb->s_magic, EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC);
STORE_LE(sb->s_inode_size, sizeof(*inode));
@@ -444,49 +460,61 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
* don't check all the filesystems at the same time. We use a
* kludgy hack of using the UUID to derive a random jitter value.
*/
- STORE_LE(sb->s_max_mnt_count, EXT2_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT
+ STORE_LE(sb->s_max_mnt_count,
+ EXT2_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT
+ (sb->s_uuid[ARRAY_SIZE(sb->s_uuid)-1] % EXT2_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT));
// write the label
safe_strncpy((char *)sb->s_volume_name, label, sizeof(sb->s_volume_name));
- // fill group descriptors
- gd = xzalloc(gdtsz * blocksize);
+ // calculate filesystem skeleton structures
+ gd = xzalloc(group_desc_blocks * blocksize);
buf = xmalloc(blocksize);
sb->s_free_blocks_count = 0;
for (i = 0, pos = first_block, n = nblocks - first_block;
i < ngroups;
i++, pos += blocks_per_group, n -= blocks_per_group
) {
- uint32_t overhead = pos + (has_super(i) ? (1/*sb*/ + gdtsz) : 0);
- uint32_t fb;
+ uint32_t overhead = pos + (has_super(i) ? (1/*sb*/ + group_desc_blocks) : 0);
+ uint32_t free_blocks;
+ // fill group descriptors
STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_block_bitmap, overhead + 0);
STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_inode_bitmap, overhead + 1);
STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_inode_table, overhead + 2);
- overhead = overhead - pos + 1/*bbmp*/ + 1/*ibmp*/ + itsz;
+ overhead = overhead - pos + 1/*bbmp*/ + 1/*ibmp*/ + inode_table_blocks;
gd[i].bg_free_inodes_count = inodes_per_group;
//STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_used_dirs_count, 0);
- // N.B. both root and lost+found dirs are within the first block group, thus +2
+ // N.B. both "/" and "/lost+found" are within the first block group
+ // "/" occupies 1 block, "/lost+found" occupies lost_and_found_blocks...
if (0 == i) {
- overhead += 2;
+ // ... thus increased overhead for the first block group ...
+ overhead += 1 + lost_and_found_blocks;
+ // ... and 2 used directories
STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_used_dirs_count, 2);
+ // well known reserved inodes belong to the first block too
gd[i].bg_free_inodes_count -= EXT2_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO;
}
+ // cache free block count of the group
+ free_blocks = (n < blocks_per_group ? n : blocks_per_group) - overhead;
+
// mark preallocated blocks as allocated
- fb = (n < blocks_per_group ? n : blocks_per_group) - overhead;
-//bb_info_msg("ALLOC: [%u][%u][%u]", blocksize, overhead, blocks_per_group - (fb + overhead));
+//bb_info_msg("ALLOC: [%u][%u][%u]", blocksize, overhead, blocks_per_group - (free_blocks + overhead));
allocate(buf, blocksize,
+ // reserve "overhead" blocks
overhead,
- blocks_per_group - (fb + overhead)
+ // mark unused trailing blocks
+ blocks_per_group - (free_blocks + overhead)
);
// dump block bitmap
PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[i].bg_block_bitmap)) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
- STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_free_blocks_count, fb);
+ STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_free_blocks_count, free_blocks);
// mark preallocated inodes as allocated
allocate(buf, blocksize,
+ // mark reserved inodes
inodes_per_group - gd[i].bg_free_inodes_count,
+ // mark unused trailing inodes
blocks_per_group - inodes_per_group
);
// dump inode bitmap
@@ -496,7 +524,7 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
STORE_LE(gd[i].bg_free_inodes_count, gd[i].bg_free_inodes_count);
// count overall free blocks
- sb->s_free_blocks_count += fb;
+ sb->s_free_blocks_count += free_blocks;
}
STORE_LE(sb->s_free_blocks_count, sb->s_free_blocks_count);
@@ -506,8 +534,10 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
// dump superblock and group descriptors and their backups
if (has_super(i)) {
// N.B. 1024 byte blocks are special
- PUT(((uint64_t)pos * blocksize) + ((0 == i && 0 == first_block) ? 1024 : 0), sb, 1024);//blocksize);
- PUT(((uint64_t)pos * blocksize) + blocksize, gd, gdtsz * blocksize);
+ PUT(((uint64_t)pos * blocksize) + ((0 == i && 1024 != blocksize) ? 1024 : 0),
+ sb, 1024);
+ PUT(((uint64_t)pos * blocksize) + blocksize,
+ gd, group_desc_blocks * blocksize);
}
}
@@ -516,8 +546,9 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
PUT(0, buf, 1024); // N.B. 1024 <= blocksize, so buf[0..1023] contains zeros
// zero inode tables
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; ++i)
- for (n = 0; n < itsz; ++n)
- PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[i].bg_inode_table) + n) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
+ for (n = 0; n < inode_table_blocks; ++n)
+ PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[i].bg_inode_table) + n) * blocksize,
+ buf, blocksize);
// prepare directory inode
inode = (struct ext2_inode *)buf;
@@ -526,21 +557,34 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
STORE_LE(inode->i_atime, timestamp);
STORE_LE(inode->i_ctime, timestamp);
STORE_LE(inode->i_size, blocksize);
- // N.B. inode->i_blocks stores the number of 512 byte data blocks. Why on Earth?!
+ // inode->i_blocks stores the number of 512 byte data blocks
+ // (512, because it goes directly to struct stat without scaling)
STORE_LE(inode->i_blocks, blocksize / 512);
// dump root dir inode
STORE_LE(inode->i_links_count, 3); // "/.", "/..", "/lost+found/.." point to this inode
- STORE_LE(inode->i_block[0], FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + itsz);
- PUT(((uint64_t)FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) * blocksize) + (EXT2_ROOT_INO-1) * sizeof(*inode), buf, sizeof(*inode));
+ STORE_LE(inode->i_block[0], FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + inode_table_blocks);
+ PUT(((uint64_t)FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) * blocksize) + (EXT2_ROOT_INO-1) * sizeof(*inode),
+ buf, sizeof(*inode));
// dump lost+found dir inode
STORE_LE(inode->i_links_count, 2); // both "/lost+found" and "/lost+found/." point to this inode
- STORE_LE(inode->i_block[0], inode->i_block[0]+1); // use next block
- PUT(((uint64_t)FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) * blocksize) + (EXT2_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO-1) * sizeof(*inode), buf, sizeof(*inode));
+ STORE_LE(inode->i_size, lost_and_found_blocks * blocksize);
+ STORE_LE(inode->i_blocks, (lost_and_found_blocks * blocksize) / 512);
+ n = FETCH_LE32(inode->i_block[0]) + 1;
+ for (i = 0; i < lost_and_found_blocks; ++i)
+ STORE_LE(inode->i_block[i], i + n); // use next block
+//bb_info_msg("LAST BLOCK USED[%u]", i + n);
+ PUT(((uint64_t)FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) * blocksize) + (EXT2_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO-1) * sizeof(*inode),
+ buf, sizeof(*inode));
+
+ // zero the blocks for "/lost+found"
+ memset(buf, 0, blocksize);
+ for (i = 1; i < lost_and_found_blocks; ++i)
+ PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + inode_table_blocks + 1+i) * blocksize,
+ buf, blocksize);
// dump directories
- memset(buf, 0, blocksize);
dir = (struct ext2_dir *)buf;
// dump lost+found dir block
@@ -554,7 +598,7 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
STORE_LE(dir->name_len2, 2);
STORE_LE(dir->file_type2, EXT2_FT_DIR);
dir->name2[0] = '.'; dir->name2[1] = '.';
- PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + itsz + 1) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
+ PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + inode_table_blocks + 1) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
// dump root dir block
STORE_LE(dir->inode1, EXT2_ROOT_INO);
@@ -564,9 +608,8 @@ int mkfs_ext2_main(int argc UNUSED_PARAM, char **argv)
STORE_LE(dir->name_len3, 10);
STORE_LE(dir->file_type3, EXT2_FT_DIR);
strcpy(dir->name3, "lost+found");
- PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + itsz + 0) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
+ PUT((uint64_t)(FETCH_LE32(gd[0].bg_inode_table) + inode_table_blocks + 0) * blocksize, buf, blocksize);
- done:
// cleanup
if (ENABLE_FEATURE_CLEAN_UP) {
free(buf);
diff --git a/util-linux/mkfs_ext2_test.sh b/util-linux/mkfs_ext2_test.sh
index a636de5..0aa9818 100755
--- a/util-linux/mkfs_ext2_test.sh
+++ b/util-linux/mkfs_ext2_test.sh
@@ -7,9 +7,6 @@ gen_image() { # params: mke2fs_invocation image_name
>$2
dd seek=$((kilobytes-1)) bs=1K count=1 </dev/zero of=$2 >/dev/null 2>&1 || exit 1
$1 -F $2 $kilobytes >$2.raw_out 2>&1 || return 1
-
-#off | sed 's/inodes, [0-9]* blocks/inodes, N blocks/' \
-
cat $2.raw_out \
| grep -v '^mke2fs [0-9]*\.[0-9]*\.[0-9]* ' \
| grep -v '^Maximum filesystem' \
@@ -55,54 +52,51 @@ done
# Transition from one block group to two
# fails in [8378..8410] range
-kilobytes=$((8*1024 - 20))
+kilobytes=$((1 * 8*1024 - 50))
while true; do
test_mke2fs #|| exit 1
: $((kilobytes++))
- test $kilobytes = $((8*1024 + 300)) && break
+ test $kilobytes = $((1 * 8*1024 + 300)) && break
done
-# Transition from two block groups to three
+# Transition from 2 block groups to 3
# works
-kilobytes=$((16*1024 - 40))
+kilobytes=$((2 * 8*1024 - 50))
while true; do
test_mke2fs || exit 1
: $((kilobytes++))
- test $kilobytes = $((16*1024 + 500)) && break
+ test $kilobytes = $((2 * 8*1024 + 400)) && break
done
-exit
-
-# Specific sizes with known differences:
-
-# -6240 inodes, 24908 blocks
-# +6240 inodes, 24577 blocks
-# -4 block group
-# +3 block group
-# -1560 inodes per group
-# +2080 inodes per group
-kilobytes=24908 test_mke2fs
-# -304 inodes, N blocks
-# +152 inodes, N blocks
-# -304 inodes per group
-# +152 inodes per group
-kilobytes=1218 test_mke2fs
-
-# -14464 inodes, N blocks
-# +14448 inodes, N blocks
-# -8 block group
-# +7 block group
-# -1808 inodes per group
-# +2064 inodes per group
-kilobytes=57696 test_mke2fs
+# Transition from 3 block groups to 4
+# fails in [24825..24922] range
+kilobytes=$((3 * 8*1024 - 50))
+while true; do
+ test_mke2fs #|| exit 1
+ : $((kilobytes++))
+ test $kilobytes = $((3 * 8*1024 + 500)) && break
+done
-# -warning: 239 blocks unused.
-# +warning: 242 blocks unused.
-kilobytes=49395 test_mke2fs
+# Transition from 4 block groups to 5
+# works
+kilobytes=$((4 * 8*1024 - 50))
+while true; do
+ test_mke2fs || exit 1
+ : $((kilobytes++))
+ test $kilobytes = $((4 * 8*1024 + 600)) && break
+done
-## This size results in "warning: 75 blocks unused"
-#kilobytes=98380 test_mke2fs
+# Transition from 5 block groups to 6
+# fails in [41230..41391] range
+kilobytes=$((5 * 8*1024 - 50))
+while true; do
+ test_mke2fs #|| exit 1
+ : $((kilobytes++))
+ test $kilobytes = $((5 * 8*1024 + 700)) && break
+done
+exit
+# Random sizes
while true; do
kilobytes=$(( (RANDOM*RANDOM) % 1000000 + 60))
test_mke2fs || exit 1