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authorKevin Cernekee <cernekee@gmail.com>2010-10-25 00:00:24 (GMT)
committer Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>2010-10-25 00:00:24 (GMT)
commitccb070450e79c33fb3f755dbea2fdd979f09d3fb (patch)
treeed842febd5fa0b19bbb7e42d2d98d59f6e3c5c8d
parent3b060528a26830ee26aab4e9829ac3a310f06218 (diff)
downloadbusybox-ccb070450e79c33fb3f755dbea2fdd979f09d3fb.tar.gz
busybox-ccb070450e79c33fb3f755dbea2fdd979f09d3fb.tar.bz2
fdisk: initial stab at GPT partition support
Signed-off-by: Kevin Cernekee <cernekee@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>
-rw-r--r--include/libbb.h7
-rw-r--r--libbb/human_readable.c4
-rw-r--r--util-linux/Config.src8
-rw-r--r--util-linux/fdisk.c79
-rw-r--r--util-linux/fdisk_gpt.c203
5 files changed, 275 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/include/libbb.h b/include/libbb.h
index bd1d586..d14728e 100644
--- a/include/libbb.h
+++ b/include/libbb.h
@@ -746,7 +746,7 @@ char *itoa(int n) FAST_FUNC;
char *utoa_to_buf(unsigned n, char *buf, unsigned buflen) FAST_FUNC;
char *itoa_to_buf(int n, char *buf, unsigned buflen) FAST_FUNC;
/* Intelligent formatters of bignums */
-void smart_ulltoa4(unsigned long long ul, char buf[5], const char *scale) FAST_FUNC;
+void smart_ulltoa4(unsigned long long ul, char buf[4], const char *scale) FAST_FUNC;
void smart_ulltoa5(unsigned long long ul, char buf[5], const char *scale) FAST_FUNC;
/* If block_size == 0, display size without fractional part,
* else display (size * block_size) with one decimal digit.
@@ -1543,7 +1543,10 @@ void sha512_begin(sha512_ctx_t *ctx) FAST_FUNC;
void sha512_hash(sha512_ctx_t *ctx, const void *buffer, size_t len) FAST_FUNC;
void sha512_end(sha512_ctx_t *ctx, void *resbuf) FAST_FUNC;
-
+/* TODO: add global crc32_table pointer and create
+ * LE and BE functions to calculate crc32 over given bytes.
+ * Currently we have about five reimplementations...
+ */
uint32_t *crc32_filltable(uint32_t *tbl256, int endian) FAST_FUNC;
typedef struct masks_labels_t {
diff --git a/libbb/human_readable.c b/libbb/human_readable.c
index 22dc5d2..50cbe41 100644
--- a/libbb/human_readable.c
+++ b/libbb/human_readable.c
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ const char* FAST_FUNC make_human_readable_str(unsigned long long val,
/* Convert unsigned long long value into compact 5-char representation.
* String is not terminated (buf[5] is untouched) */
-void FAST_FUNC smart_ulltoa5(unsigned long long ul, char buf[6], const char *scale)
+void FAST_FUNC smart_ulltoa5(unsigned long long ul, char buf[5], const char *scale)
{
const char *fmt;
char c;
@@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ void FAST_FUNC smart_ulltoa5(unsigned long long ul, char buf[6], const char *sca
/* Convert unsigned long long value into compact 4-char
* representation. Examples: "1234", "1.2k", " 27M", "123T"
* String is not terminated (buf[4] is untouched) */
-void FAST_FUNC smart_ulltoa4(unsigned long long ul, char buf[5], const char *scale)
+void FAST_FUNC smart_ulltoa4(unsigned long long ul, char buf[4], const char *scale)
{
const char *fmt;
char c;
diff --git a/util-linux/Config.src b/util-linux/Config.src
index afa3092..19b309e 100644
--- a/util-linux/Config.src
+++ b/util-linux/Config.src
@@ -181,6 +181,14 @@ config FEATURE_OSF_LABEL
Enabling this option allows you to create or change BSD disklabels
and define and edit BSD disk slices.
+config FEATURE_GPT_LABEL
+ bool "Support GPT disklabels"
+ default n
+ depends on FDISK && FEATURE_FDISK_WRITABLE
+ help
+ Enabling this option allows you to view GUID Partition Table
+ disklabels.
+
config FEATURE_FDISK_ADVANCED
bool "Support expert mode"
default y
diff --git a/util-linux/fdisk.c b/util-linux/fdisk.c
index b6417a3..3f2e0d3 100644
--- a/util-linux/fdisk.c
+++ b/util-linux/fdisk.c
@@ -107,12 +107,30 @@ struct partition {
unsigned char size4[4]; /* nr of sectors in partition */
} PACKED;
+/*
+ * per partition table entry data
+ *
+ * The four primary partitions have the same sectorbuffer (MBRbuffer)
+ * and have NULL ext_pointer.
+ * Each logical partition table entry has two pointers, one for the
+ * partition and one link to the next one.
+ */
+struct pte {
+ struct partition *part_table; /* points into sectorbuffer */
+ struct partition *ext_pointer; /* points into sectorbuffer */
+ sector_t offset_from_dev_start; /* disk sector number */
+ char *sectorbuffer; /* disk sector contents */
+#if ENABLE_FEATURE_FDISK_WRITABLE
+ char changed; /* boolean */
+#endif
+};
+
#define unable_to_open "can't open '%s'"
#define unable_to_read "can't read from %s"
#define unable_to_seek "can't seek on %s"
enum label_type {
- LABEL_DOS, LABEL_SUN, LABEL_SGI, LABEL_AIX, LABEL_OSF
+ LABEL_DOS, LABEL_SUN, LABEL_SGI, LABEL_AIX, LABEL_OSF, LABEL_GPT
};
#define LABEL_IS_DOS (LABEL_DOS == current_label_type)
@@ -149,6 +167,14 @@ enum label_type {
#define STATIC_OSF extern
#endif
+#if ENABLE_FEATURE_GPT_LABEL
+#define LABEL_IS_GPT (LABEL_GPT == current_label_type)
+#define STATIC_GPT static
+#else
+#define LABEL_IS_GPT 0
+#define STATIC_GPT extern
+#endif
+
enum action { OPEN_MAIN, TRY_ONLY, CREATE_EMPTY_DOS, CREATE_EMPTY_SUN };
static void update_units(void);
@@ -162,6 +188,7 @@ static sector_t read_int(sector_t low, sector_t dflt, sector_t high, sector_t ba
#endif
static const char *partition_type(unsigned char type);
static void get_geometry(void);
+static void read_pte(struct pte *pe, sector_t offset);
#if ENABLE_FEATURE_SUN_LABEL || ENABLE_FEATURE_FDISK_WRITABLE
static int get_boot(enum action what);
#else
@@ -174,24 +201,6 @@ static int get_boot(void);
static sector_t get_start_sect(const struct partition *p);
static sector_t get_nr_sects(const struct partition *p);
-/*
- * per partition table entry data
- *
- * The four primary partitions have the same sectorbuffer (MBRbuffer)
- * and have NULL ext_pointer.
- * Each logical partition table entry has two pointers, one for the
- * partition and one link to the next one.
- */
-struct pte {
- struct partition *part_table; /* points into sectorbuffer */
- struct partition *ext_pointer; /* points into sectorbuffer */
- sector_t offset_from_dev_start; /* disk sector number */
- char *sectorbuffer; /* disk sector contents */
-#if ENABLE_FEATURE_FDISK_WRITABLE
- char changed; /* boolean */
-#endif
-};
-
/* DOS partition types */
static const char *const i386_sys_types[] = {
@@ -653,6 +662,8 @@ STATIC_OSF void bsd_select(void);
STATIC_OSF void xbsd_print_disklabel(int);
#include "fdisk_osf.c"
+#include "fdisk_gpt.c"
+
#if ENABLE_FEATURE_SGI_LABEL || ENABLE_FEATURE_SUN_LABEL
static uint16_t
fdisk_swap16(uint16_t x)
@@ -833,6 +844,11 @@ menu(void)
puts("o\tcreate a new empty DOS partition table");
puts("q\tquit without saving changes");
puts("s\tcreate a new empty Sun disklabel"); /* sun */
+ } else if (LABEL_IS_GPT) {
+ puts("o\tcreate a new empty DOS partition table");
+ puts("p\tprint the partition table");
+ puts("q\tquit without saving changes");
+ puts("s\tcreate a new empty Sun disklabel"); /* sun */
} else {
puts("a\ttoggle a bootable flag");
puts("b\tedit bsd disklabel");
@@ -1308,7 +1324,18 @@ get_geometry(void)
/*
* Opens disk_device and optionally reads MBR.
- * FIXME: document what each 'what' value will do!
+ * If what == OPEN_MAIN:
+ * Open device, read MBR. Abort program on short read. Create empty
+ * disklabel if the on-disk structure is invalid (WRITABLE mode).
+ * If what == TRY_ONLY:
+ * Open device, read MBR. Return an error if anything is out of place.
+ * Do not create an empty disklabel. This is used for the "list"
+ * operations: "fdisk -l /dev/sda" and "fdisk -l" (all devices).
+ * If what == CREATE_EMPTY_*:
+ * This means that get_boot() was called recursively from create_*label().
+ * Do not re-open the device; just set up the ptes array and print
+ * geometry warnings.
+ *
* Returns:
* -1: no 0xaa55 flag present (possibly entire disk BSD)
* 0: found or created label
@@ -1390,6 +1417,10 @@ static int get_boot(void)
if (check_aix_label())
return 0;
#endif
+#if ENABLE_FEATURE_GPT_LABEL
+ if (check_gpt_label())
+ return 0;
+#endif
#if ENABLE_FEATURE_OSF_LABEL
if (check_osf_label()) {
possibly_osf_label = 1;
@@ -1409,7 +1440,7 @@ static int get_boot(void)
if (!valid_part_table_flag(MBRbuffer)) {
if (what == OPEN_MAIN) {
printf("Device contains neither a valid DOS "
- "partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF "
+ "partition table, nor Sun, SGI, OSF or GPT "
"disklabel\n");
#ifdef __sparc__
IF_FEATURE_SUN_LABEL(create_sunlabel();)
@@ -2056,10 +2087,14 @@ list_table(int xtra)
sun_list_table(xtra);
return;
}
- if (LABEL_IS_SUN) {
+ if (LABEL_IS_SGI) {
sgi_list_table(xtra);
return;
}
+ if (LABEL_IS_GPT) {
+ gpt_list_table(xtra);
+ return;
+ }
list_disk_geometry();
diff --git a/util-linux/fdisk_gpt.c b/util-linux/fdisk_gpt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..98803ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/util-linux/fdisk_gpt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,203 @@
+#if ENABLE_FEATURE_GPT_LABEL
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Kevin Cernekee <cernekee@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * Licensed under GPLv2, see file LICENSE in this source tree.
+ */
+
+#define GPT_MAGIC 0x5452415020494645ULL
+enum {
+ LEGACY_GPT_TYPE = 0xee,
+ GPT_MAX_PARTS = 256,
+ GPT_MAX_PART_ENTRY_LEN = 4096,
+ GUID_LEN = 16,
+};
+
+typedef struct {
+ uint64_t magic;
+ uint32_t revision;
+ uint32_t hdr_size;
+ uint32_t hdr_crc32;
+ uint32_t reserved;
+ uint64_t current_lba;
+ uint64_t backup_lba;
+ uint64_t first_usable_lba;
+ uint64_t last_usable_lba;
+ uint8_t disk_guid[GUID_LEN];
+ uint64_t first_part_lba;
+ uint32_t n_parts;
+ uint32_t part_entry_len;
+ uint32_t part_array_crc32;
+} gpt_header;
+
+typedef struct {
+ uint8_t type_guid[GUID_LEN];
+ uint8_t part_guid[GUID_LEN];
+ uint64_t lba_start;
+ uint64_t lba_end;
+ uint64_t flags;
+ uint16_t name[36];
+} gpt_partition;
+
+static gpt_header *gpt_hdr;
+
+static char *part_array;
+static unsigned int n_parts;
+static unsigned int part_array_len;
+static unsigned int part_entry_len;
+
+static uint32_t *crc32_table;
+
+static inline gpt_partition *
+gpt_part(int i)
+{
+ if (i >= n_parts) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return (gpt_partition *)&part_array[i * part_entry_len];
+}
+
+/* TODO: move to libbb */
+static uint32_t
+gpt_crc32(void *buf, int len)
+{
+ uint32_t crc = 0xffffffff;
+
+ for (; len > 0; len--, buf++) {
+ crc = crc32_table[(crc ^ *((char *)buf)) & 0xff] ^ (crc >> 8);
+ }
+ return crc ^ 0xffffffff;
+}
+
+static void
+gpt_print_guid(uint8_t *buf)
+{
+ printf(
+ "%02x%02x%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x-%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x",
+ buf[3], buf[2], buf[1], buf[0],
+ buf[5], buf[4],
+ buf[7], buf[6],
+ buf[8], buf[9],
+ buf[10], buf[11], buf[12], buf[13], buf[14], buf[15]);
+}
+
+/* TODO: real unicode support */
+static void
+gpt_print_wide(uint16_t *s, int max_len)
+{
+ int i = 0;
+
+ while (i < max_len) {
+ if (*s == 0)
+ return;
+ fputc(*s, stdout);
+ s++;
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+gpt_list_table(int xtra UNUSED_PARAM)
+{
+ int i;
+ char numstr6[6];
+
+ numstr6[5] = '\0';
+
+ smart_ulltoa5(total_number_of_sectors, numstr6, " KMGTPEZY");
+ printf("Disk %s: %llu sectors, %s\n", disk_device,
+ (unsigned long long)total_number_of_sectors,
+ numstr6);
+ printf("Logical sector size: %u\n", sector_size);
+ printf("Disk identifier (GUID): ");
+ gpt_print_guid(gpt_hdr->disk_guid);
+ printf("\nPartition table holds up to %u entries\n",
+ (int)SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->n_parts));
+ printf("First usable sector is %llu, last usable sector is %llu\n\n",
+ (unsigned long long)SWAP_LE64(gpt_hdr->first_usable_lba),
+ (unsigned long long)SWAP_LE64(gpt_hdr->last_usable_lba));
+
+ printf("Number Start (sector) End (sector) Size Code Name\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < n_parts; i++) {
+ gpt_partition *p = gpt_part(i);
+ if (p->lba_start) {
+ smart_ulltoa5(1 + SWAP_LE64(p->lba_end) - SWAP_LE64(p->lba_start),
+ numstr6, " KMGTPEZY");
+ printf("%4u %15llu %15llu %11s %04x ",
+ i + 1,
+ (unsigned long long)SWAP_LE64(p->lba_start),
+ (unsigned long long)SWAP_LE64(p->lba_end),
+ numstr6,
+ 0x0700 /* FIXME */);
+ gpt_print_wide(p->name, 18);
+ printf("\n");
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static int
+check_gpt_label(void)
+{
+ struct partition *first = pt_offset(MBRbuffer, 0);
+ struct pte pe;
+ uint32_t crc;
+
+ /* LBA 0 contains the legacy MBR */
+
+ if (!valid_part_table_flag(MBRbuffer)
+ || first->sys_ind != LEGACY_GPT_TYPE
+ ) {
+ current_label_type = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* LBA 1 contains the GPT header */
+
+ read_pte(&pe, 1);
+ gpt_hdr = (void *)pe.sectorbuffer;
+
+ if (gpt_hdr->magic != SWAP_LE64(GPT_MAGIC)) {
+ current_label_type = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (!crc32_table) {
+ crc32_table = crc32_filltable(NULL, 0);
+ }
+
+ crc = SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->hdr_crc32);
+ gpt_hdr->hdr_crc32 = 0;
+ if (gpt_crc32(gpt_hdr, SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->hdr_size)) != crc) {
+ /* FIXME: read the backup table */
+ puts("\nwarning: GPT header CRC is invalid\n");
+ }
+
+ n_parts = SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->n_parts);
+ part_entry_len = SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->part_entry_len);
+ if (n_parts > GPT_MAX_PARTS
+ || part_entry_len > GPT_MAX_PART_ENTRY_LEN
+ || SWAP_LE32(gpt_hdr->hdr_size) > sector_size
+ ) {
+ puts("\nwarning: unable to parse GPT disklabel\n");
+ current_label_type = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ part_array_len = n_parts * part_entry_len;
+ part_array = xmalloc(part_array_len);
+ seek_sector(SWAP_LE64(gpt_hdr->first_part_lba));
+ if (full_read(dev_fd, part_array, part_array_len) != part_array_len) {
+ fdisk_fatal(unable_to_read);
+ }
+
+ if (gpt_crc32(part_array, part_array_len) != gpt_hdr->part_array_crc32) {
+ /* FIXME: read the backup table */
+ puts("\nwarning: GPT array CRC is invalid\n");
+ }
+
+ puts("Found valid GPT with protective MBR; using GPT\n");
+
+ current_label_type = LABEL_GPT;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+#endif /* GPT_LABEL */