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authorGravatar Peter Korsgaard <jacmet@sunsite.dk>2008-12-16 09:00:11 +0000
committerGravatar Peter Korsgaard <jacmet@sunsite.dk>2008-12-16 09:00:11 +0000
commitce85931015f21f21dd0f2624056888571c74d25c (patch)
tree2888efe6bdaf5577e8c6343c9e79fa5147d95ebd /docs
parentf3e8be761ab5ba3dae7a7ba0d9b62a02d8043314 (diff)
downloadbuildroot-ce85931015f21f21dd0f2624056888571c74d25c.tar.gz
buildroot-ce85931015f21f21dd0f2624056888571c74d25c.tar.bz2
docs/buildroot.html: misc small fixes and strip trailing spaces
Diffstat (limited to 'docs')
-rw-r--r--docs/buildroot.html164
1 files changed, 82 insertions, 82 deletions
diff --git a/docs/buildroot.html b/docs/buildroot.html
index 026791fccf..0862b1beb1 100644
--- a/docs/buildroot.html
+++ b/docs/buildroot.html
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@
uses the GNU libc as C standard library. This compilation
toolchain is called the &quot;host compilation toolchain&quot;, and more
generally, the machine on which it is running, and on which you're
- working is called the &quot;host system&quot;. The compilation toolchain
+ working is called the &quot;host system&quot;. The compilation toolchain
is provided by your distribution, and Buildroot has nothing to do
with it. </p>
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@
be named <code>root_fs_ARCH.EXT</code> where <code>ARCH</code> is your
architecture and <code>EXT</code> depends on the type of target filesystem
selected in the <code>Target options</code> section of the configuration
- tool.
+ tool.
The file is stored in the "binaries/<code>$(PROJECT)</code>/" directory</p>
<h3><a name="local_board_support" id="local_board_support"></a>
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@
<p>Once a package has been unpacked, it is possible to manually update
configuration files. Buildroot can automatically save the configuration
- of buildroot, linux, busybox, uclibc and u-boot in "local/$(PROJECT) by
+ of buildroot, linux, busybox, uclibc and u-boot in "local/$(PROJECT) by
using the command:
</p>
@@ -189,7 +189,7 @@
$ make saveconfig
</pre>
- <p>Once a buildroot configuration has been created by saveconfig,
+ <p>Once a buildroot configuration has been created by saveconfig,
the default "$(TOPDIR)/.config" file can be overridden by</p>
<pre>
@@ -200,7 +200,7 @@
instead of ".config". </p>
<p>If you want to modify your board, you can copy the project configuration
- file to ".config" by using the command:</p>
+ file to ".config" by using the command:</p>
<pre>
$ make BOARD=&lt;project&gt; getconfig
@@ -208,7 +208,7 @@
<p>You can share your custom board support directory between several buildroot trees
by setting the environment variable <code>BUILDROOT_LOCAL</code> to this directory,
- </p>
+ </p>
<h3><a name="offline_builds" id="offline_builds"></a>
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@
<pre>
$ make source
</pre>
- <p>You can now disconnect or copy the content of your <code>dl</code>
+ <p>You can now disconnect or copy the content of your <code>dl</code>
directory to the build-host. </p>
<h3><a name="building_out_of_tree" id="building_out_of_tree"></a>
@@ -298,8 +298,8 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
target filesystem is available under <code>project_build_ARCH/root/</code>
where <code>ARCH</code> is the chosen target architecture.
You can simply make your changes here, and run make afterwards, which will
- rebuild the target filesystem image. This method allows to do everything
- on the target filesystem, but if you decide to completely rebuild your
+ rebuild the target filesystem image. This method allows to do everything
+ on the target filesystem, but if you decide to completely rebuild your
toolchain and tools, these changes will be lost. </li>
<li>Customize the target filesystem skeleton, available under
@@ -317,7 +317,7 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
it should be changed. These main directories are in an tarball inside of
inside the skeleton because it contains symlinks that would be broken
otherwise. <br />
- These customizations are deployed into
+ These customizations are deployed into
<code>project_build_ARCH/root/</code> just before the actual image
is made. So simply rebuilding the image by running
make should propagate any new changes to the image. </li>
@@ -347,10 +347,10 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
</ol>
<p>Otherwise, you can simply change the
- <code>package/busybox/busybox-&lt;version&gt;.config</code> file if you
+ <code>package/busybox/busybox-&lt;version&gt;.config</code> file if you
know the options you want to change without using the configuration tool.
</p>
- <p>If you want to use an existing config file for busybox, then see
+ <p>If you want to use an existing config file for busybox, then see
section <a href="#environment_variables">environment variables</a>. </p>
<h2><a name="custom_uclibc" id="custom_uclibc"></a>Customizing the uClibc
@@ -390,7 +390,7 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<code>toolchain/uClibc/uClibc.config-locale</code> without running
the configuration assistant. </p>
- <p>If you want to use an existing config file for uclibc, then see
+ <p>If you want to use an existing config file for uclibc, then see
section <a href="#environment_variables">environment variables</a>. </p>
<h2><a name="buildroot_innards" id="buildroot_innards"></a>How Buildroot
@@ -455,24 +455,24 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<li>Create the shared build directory (<code>build_ARCH/</code> by
default, where <code>ARCH</code> is your architecture). This is where all
non configurable user-space tools will be compiled.When building two or
- more targets using the same architecture, the first build will go through
- the full download, configure, make process, but the second and later
- builds will only copy the result from the first build to its project
+ more targets using the same architecture, the first build will go through
+ the full download, configure, make process, but the second and later
+ builds will only copy the result from the first build to its project
specific target directory significantly speeding up the build process</li>
- <li>Create the project specific build directory
- (<code>project_build_ARCH/$(PROJECT)</code> by default, where
- <code>ARCH</code> is your architecture). This is where all configurable
- user-space tools will be compiled. The project specific build directory
- is neccessary, if two different targets needs to use a specific package,
- but the packages have different configuration for both targets. Some
+ <li>Create the project specific build directory
+ (<code>project_build_ARCH/$(PROJECT)</code> by default, where
+ <code>ARCH</code> is your architecture). This is where all configurable
+ user-space tools will be compiled. The project specific build directory
+ is neccessary, if two different targets needs to use a specific package,
+ but the packages have different configuration for both targets. Some
examples of packages built in this directory are busybox and linux.
</li>
- <li>Create the project specific result directory
- (<code>binaries/$(PROJECT)</code> by default, where <code>ARCH</code>
+ <li>Create the project specific result directory
+ (<code>binaries/$(PROJECT)</code> by default, where <code>ARCH</code>
is your architecture). This is where the root filesystem images are
- stored, It is also used to store the linux kernel image and any
+ stored, It is also used to store the linux kernel image and any
utilities, boot-loaders etc. needed for a target.
</li>
@@ -512,9 +512,9 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p>Buildroot has always supported building several projects in the same
tree if each project was for a different architecture. </p>
- <p>The root file system has been created in the
+ <p>The root file system has been created in the
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/root&quot;</code>
- directory which is unique for each architecture.
+ directory which is unique for each architecture.
Toolchains have been built in
<code>&quot;toolchain_build_&lt;ARCH&gt;&quot;</code>. </p>
@@ -522,7 +522,7 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
architecture, a prefix or suffix could be added in the configuration file
so the root file system would be built in
<code>&quot;&lt;PREFIX&gt;_build_&lt;ARCH&gt;_&lt;SUFFIX&gt;/root&quot;</code>
- By supplying <u>unique</u> combinations of
+ By supplying <u>unique</u> combinations of
<code>&quot;&lt;PREFIX&gt;&quot;</code> and
<code>&quot;&lt;SUFFIX&gt;&quot;</code>
each project would get a <u>unique</u> root file system tree. </p>
@@ -531,14 +531,14 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
built for each project, adding considerable time to the build
process, even if it was two projects for the same chip. </p>
- <p>This drawback has been somewhat lessened with
- <code>gcc-4.x.y</code> which allows buildroot to use an external
+ <p>This drawback has been somewhat lessened with
+ <code>gcc-4.x.y</code> which allows buildroot to use an external
toolchain. Certain packages requires special
features in the toolchain, and if an external toolchain is selected,
this may lack the neccessary features to complete the build of the root
file system.</p>
- <p>A bigger problem was that the
+ <p>A bigger problem was that the
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;&quot;</code> tree
was also duplicated, so each </code>package</code> would also
be rebuilt once per project, resulting in even longer build times.</p>
@@ -546,29 +546,29 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p><b>PROJECT TO SHARE TOOLCHAIN AND PACKAGE BUILDS</b></p>
- <p>Work has started on a project which will allow the user to build
- multiple root file systems for the same architecture in the same tree.
+ <p>Work has started on a project which will allow the user to build
+ multiple root file systems for the same architecture in the same tree.
The toolchain and the package build directory will be shared, but each
project will have a dedicated directory tree for project specific
builds. </p>
- <p>With this approach, most, if not all packages will be compiled
+ <p>With this approach, most, if not all packages will be compiled
when the first project is built.
The process is almost identical to the original process.
- Packages are downloaded and extracted to the shared
+ Packages are downloaded and extracted to the shared
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/&lt;package&gt;&quot;</code>
- directory. They are configured and compiled. </p>
+ directory. They are configured and compiled. </p>
<p>Package libraries and headers are installed in the shared $(STAGING_DIR),
and then the project specific root file system &quot;$(TARGET_DIR)&quot;
- is populated. </p>
+ is populated. </p>
<p>At the end of the build, the root file system will be used
to generate the resulting root file system binaries. </p>
- <p>Once the first project has been built, building other projects will
+ <p>Once the first project has been built, building other projects will
typically involve populating the new project's root file system directory
- from the existing binaries generated in the shared
+ from the existing binaries generated in the shared
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/&lt;&gt;&quot;</code> directory. </p>
<p>Only packages, not used by the first project, will have to go
@@ -585,8 +585,8 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<li><code>binaries;</code></li>
</ul>
- <p>Each of the directories contain one subdirectory per project.
- The name of the subdirectory is configured by the user in the
+ <p>Each of the directories contain one subdirectory per project.
+ The name of the subdirectory is configured by the user in the
normal buildroot configuration, using the value of: </p>
<p><code>Project Options ---> Project name</code></p>
@@ -620,13 +620,13 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p>will be created. </p>
<p>Currently, the <u>root file system</u>, <u>busybox</u> and an Atmel
- customized version of
+ customized version of
<u><code>U-Boot</code></u>, as well as some Atmel specific
bootloaders like <u>at91-bootstrap</u> and <u>dataflashboot.bin</u>
- are built in
+ are built in
<code>&quot;$(PROJECT_BUILD_DIR)&quot;</code>
- <p>The resulting binaries for all architectures are stored in the
+ <p>The resulting binaries for all architectures are stored in the
<code>&quot;$(BINARIES_DIR)&quot;</code> directory. <p>
<p><b>SUMMARY</b></p>
@@ -636,13 +636,13 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
can configure the build. </p>
<p><b>THINGS TO DO</b></p>
-
+
<ol>
<li>Linux</li>
<p>The current Linux implementation is flawed. It only works
- if the user chooses to use one of the few kernels selected
+ if the user chooses to use one of the few kernels selected
as base for the kernel-headers. While the Makefile seems to have
hooks, allowing the developer to specify whatever version he/she
wants in the target/device/*/* Makefiles, the build will fail
@@ -650,17 +650,17 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p>The reason for this is that the kernel patches are not
applied by the <code>&quot;target/linux/linux.mk&quot;</code>
- build script fragment. They are only applied by the
+ build script fragment. They are only applied by the
<code>&quot;toolchain/kernel-headers/*.makefile&quot;</code>
build script fragments</p>
<p>If the kernel-header version and the linux version differs,
there will be two <code>&quot;linux-2.6.X.Y&quot;</code>
- directories in
+ directories in
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/&lt;&gt;&quot;</code>,
each with its own set of patches. </p>
- <p>The solution in the works, is to move the build of Linux to
+ <p>The solution in the works, is to move the build of Linux to
<code>&quot;project_build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/&lt;project name&gt;/linux-2.6.X.Y&quot;</code> combined with method to configure
which patches can be applied. Possibly, the linux source tree
used to generate the kernel headers will be moved to the
@@ -675,18 +675,18 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<li>Conservative Strategy: Only use version ssupported by the kernel headers</li>
<li>Stable Linux Strategy: Allow any 2.6.X.Y combination.
(Minimum 2.6.19)</li>
- <li>Power-User Strategy: Allow
+ <li>Power-User Strategy: Allow
<code>&quot;-git&quot;</code>, or
<code>&quot;-mm&quot;</code>, or user downloadable kernels</li>
</ul>
<p>The current kernel patches can be configured to be applied to the
- linux source tree even if the version differs from the
+ linux source tree even if the version differs from the
kernel header version. </p>
<p>Since the user can select any kernel-patch
he/she will be able to select a non-working combination.
- If the patch fails, the user will have to generate a new
+ If the patch fails, the user will have to generate a new
proprietary kernel-patch or decide to not apply the kernel
patches</p>
@@ -696,10 +696,10 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p>There will also be a way for the user to supply absolute
or relative paths to patches, possibly outside the main tree.
This can be used to apply custom kernel-header-patches, if
- the versions available in buildroot cannot be applied to the
+ the versions available in buildroot cannot be applied to the
specific linux version used</p>
- <p>Maybe, there will also be a possibility to supply an
+ <p>Maybe, there will also be a possibility to supply an
<code>&quot;URL&quot;</code> to a patch available on Internet. </p>
<li>Configurable packages</li>
@@ -707,12 +707,12 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<p>Many packages can, on top of the simple
&quot;enable/disable build&quot;,
be further configured using Kconfig.
- Currently these packages will be compiled using the
+ Currently these packages will be compiled using the
configuration specified in the
<code>&quot;.config&quot;</code> file of the <u>first</u>
project demanding the build of the package.</p>
- <p>If <u>another</u> project uses the same packages, but with
+ <p>If <u>another</u> project uses the same packages, but with
a different configuration,these packages will <u>not</u> be rebuilt,
and the root file system for the new project will be populated
with files from the build of the <u>first</u> project</p>
@@ -723,8 +723,8 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;&quot;</code> directory
before rebuilding the new project.<p>
- <p>A long term solution is to edit the package makefile and move
- the build of the configurable packages from
+ <p>A long term solution is to edit the package makefile and move
+ the build of the configurable packages from
<code>&quot;build_&lt;ARCH&gt;&quot;</code> to
<code>&quot;project_build_&lt;ARCH&gt;/&lt;project name&gt;&quot;</code>
and send a patch to the buildroot mailing list.
@@ -737,16 +737,16 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<li>Generating File System binaries</li>
<p>
Packages which needs to be installed with the &quot;root&quot;
- as owner, will generate a
+ as owner, will generate a
<code>&quot;.fakeroot.&lt;package&gt;&quot;</code> file
which will be used for the final build of the root file system binary. </p>
- <p>This was previously located in the
+ <p>This was previously located in the
<code>&quot;$(STAGING_DIR)&quot;</code> directory, but was
- recently moved to the
+ recently moved to the
<code>&quot;$(PROJECT_BUILD_DIR)&quot;</code> directory. </p>
- <p>Currently only three packages:
+ <p>Currently only three packages:
<code>&quot;at&quot;</code>,
<code>&quot;ltp-testsuite&quot;</code> and
<code>&quot;nfs-utils&quot;</code>
@@ -764,7 +764,7 @@ $ make me&lt;TAB&gt;
<code>&quot;.fakeroot.&lt;package&gt;&quot;</code>
files are deleted as the last action of the Buildroot Makefile. </p>
- <p>It needs to be evaluated if any further action for the
+ <p>It needs to be evaluated if any further action for the
file system binary build is needed. </p>
</ol>
@@ -816,7 +816,7 @@ mips-linux-gcc -o foo foo.c
install it somewhere else, so that it can be used to compile other programs
or by other users. Moving the <code>build_ARCH/staging_dir/</code>
directory elsewhere is <b>not possible if using gcc-3.x</b>, because there
- are some hardcoded paths in the toolchain configuration. This works, thanks
+ are some hardcoded paths in the toolchain configuration. This works, thanks
to sysroot support, with current, stable gcc-4.x toolchains, of course. </p>
<p>If you want to use the generated gcc-3.x toolchain for other purposes,
@@ -850,7 +850,7 @@ ln -s &lt;shared download location&gt; dl
<p>Another way of accessing a shared download location is to
create the <code>BUILDROOT_DL_DIR</code> environment variable.
If this is set, then the value of DL_DIR in the project is
- overridden. The following line should be added to
+ overridden. The following line should be added to
<code>&quot;~/.bashrc&quot;</code>. <p>
<pre>
@@ -911,10 +911,10 @@ endif
<p>Two types of <i>Makefiles</i> can be written&nbsp;:</p>
<ul>
- <li>Makefile for autotools-based (autoconf, automake, etc.)
+ <li>Makefiles for autotools-based (autoconf, automake, etc.)
softwares, are very easy to write thanks to the infrastructure
available in <code>package/Makefile.autotools.in</code>.</li>
- <li>Makefile for other types of packages are a little bit more
+ <li>Makefiles for other types of packages are a little bit more
complex to write.</li>
</ul>
@@ -1048,7 +1048,7 @@ endif
the other <code>*.mk</code> files in the <code>package</code>
directory. </p>
- <p>At lines <a href="#ex2line6">6-11</a>, a couple of useful variables are
+ <p>At lines <a href="#ex2line6">6-11</a>, a couple of useful variables are
defined :</p>
<ul>
@@ -1078,21 +1078,21 @@ endif
</ul>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line13">13-14</a> defines a target that downloads the
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line13">13-14</a> defines a target that downloads the
tarball from the remote site to the download directory
(<code>DL_DIR</code>). </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line16">16-18</a> defines a target and associated rules
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line16">16-18</a> defines a target and associated rules
that uncompress the downloaded tarball. As you can see, this target
depends on the tarball file, so that the previous target (line
- <a href="#ex2line13">13-14</a>) is called before executing the rules of the
+ <a href="#ex2line13">13-14</a>) is called before executing the rules of the
current target. Uncompressing is followed by <i>touching</i> a hidden file
to mark the software has having been uncompressed. This trick is
used everywhere in Buildroot <i>Makefile</i> to split steps
(download, uncompress, configure, compile, install) while still
having correct dependencies. </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line20">20-31</a> defines a target and associated rules
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line20">20-31</a> defines a target and associated rules
that configures the software. It depends on the previous target (the
hidden <code>.source</code> file) so that we are sure the software has
been uncompressed. In order to configure it, it basically runs the
@@ -1104,14 +1104,14 @@ endif
filesystem. Finally it creates a <code>.configured</code> file to
mark the software as configured. </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line33">33-34</a> defines a target and a rule that
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line33">33-34</a> defines a target and a rule that
compiles the software. This target will create the binary file in the
compilation directory, and depends on the software being already
configured (hence the reference to the <code>.configured</code>
file). It basically runs <code>make</code> inside the source
directory. </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line36">36-38</a> defines a target and associated rules
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line36">36-38</a> defines a target and associated rules
that install the software inside the target filesystem. It depends on the
binary file in the source directory, to make sure the software has
been compiled. It uses the <code>install</code> target of the
@@ -1122,7 +1122,7 @@ endif
<code>/usr/man</code> directory inside the target filesystem is
removed to save space. </p>
- <p>Line <a href="#ex2line40">40</a> defines the main target of the software,
+ <p>Line <a href="#ex2line40">40</a> defines the main target of the software,
the one that will be eventually be used by the top level
<code>Makefile</code> to download, compile, and then install
this package. This target should first of all depends on all
@@ -1131,33 +1131,33 @@ endif
final binary. This last dependency will call all previous
dependencies in the correct order. </p>
- <p>Line <a href="#ex2line42">42</a> defines a simple target that only
- downloads the code source. This is not used during normal operation of
- Buildroot, but is needed if you intend to download all required sources at
+ <p>Line <a href="#ex2line42">42</a> defines a simple target that only
+ downloads the code source. This is not used during normal operation of
+ Buildroot, but is needed if you intend to download all required sources at
once for later offline build. Note that if you add a new package providing
a <code>foo-source</code> target is <i>mandatory</i> to support
users that wish to do offline-builds. Furthermore it eases checking
if all package-sources are downloadable. </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line44">44-46</a> define a simple target to clean the
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line44">44-46</a> define a simple target to clean the
software build by calling the <i>Makefiles</i> with the appropriate option.
The <code>-clean</code> target should run <code>make clean</code>
on $(BUILD_DIR)/package-version and MUST uninstall all files of the
package from $(STAGING_DIR) and from $(TARGET_DIR). </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line48">48-49</a> define a simple target to completely
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line48">48-49</a> define a simple target to completely
remove the directory in which the software was uncompressed, configured and
compiled. The <code>-dirclean</code> target MUST completely rm $(BUILD_DIR)/
package-version. </p>
- <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line51">51-58</a> adds the target <code>foo</code> to
+ <p>Lines <a href="#ex2line51">51-58</a> adds the target <code>foo</code> to
the list of targets to be compiled by Buildroot by first checking if
the configuration option for this package has been enabled
using the configuration tool, and if so then &quot;subscribes&quot;
this package to be compiled by adding it to the TARGETS
global variable. The name added to the TARGETS global
variable is the name of this package's target, as defined on
- line <a href="#ex2line40">40</a>, which is used by Buildroot to download,
+ line <a href="#ex2line40">40</a>, which is used by Buildroot to download,
compile, and then install this package. </p>