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authorGravatar Yann E. MORIN <yann.morin.1998@free.fr>2015-01-09 23:46:19 +0100
committerGravatar Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>2015-01-10 12:19:25 +0100
commit7a6cf0485c173d7ba19848ad2f3be52ead729f0b (patch)
treec2a37e939fe5ea2a7742a80f1e86c289336679aa /package/rpi-firmware
parent0b0b3525483cafdd788fbee9ebaacb2cde94b21e (diff)
downloadbuildroot-7a6cf0485c173d7ba19848ad2f3be52ead729f0b.tar.gz
buildroot-7a6cf0485c173d7ba19848ad2f3be52ead729f0b.tar.bz2
package/rpi-firmware: add DT-aware marking script
The Raspberry Pi can boot a kernel with device tree support. But at the same time, the RPi folks wante to keep the old-fashioned, ATAG-based way of booting (don't ask...). So, the bootloader needs to know whether the kernel it is loading has DT support or not. For that, it looks at the end of the kernel image for a magic footer. If found, it loads a device tree and sets the registers appropriately so that the kernel finds the DTB. If not found, it loads the kernel with the traditional ATAGS. Where it becomes a bit tricky, is that the DTB is different for models A/B and A+/B+ (that is A and B use the same DTB, while the A+ and B+ use a second DTB). The bootloader is capable to load the correct DTB from a specially named file. That is: - on A/B, it loads bcm2708-rpi-b.dtb - on A+/B+, it loads bcm2708-rpi-b-plus.dtb If the DTB is differently named, the bootloader won't find it, will not load any DTB at all, and revert to booting with ATAGS. It is possible to specify what DTB to load, by adding an new config option 'device_tree=file.dtb' in config.txt, but then the firmware on the SDcard is no longer bootable on both the original models and the Plus models. So, add a script that appends the appropriate footer to the kernel image. The script is vampirised from the RPi's tools repository, but a new package is *not* added just for that script: the whole repository is 300+ MiB, and a checkout is 600+ MiB; it is not pertinent to add this as a new package for a script that weights a few KiB... Install that script as a host utility, too. Notes: lots of information is available in this thread on the RPi forums: http://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=29&t=93015 Signed-off-by: "Yann E. MORIN" <yann.morin.1998@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'package/rpi-firmware')
-rwxr-xr-xpackage/rpi-firmware/mkknlimg227
-rw-r--r--package/rpi-firmware/rpi-firmware.mk10
2 files changed, 237 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/package/rpi-firmware/mkknlimg b/package/rpi-firmware/mkknlimg
new file mode 100755
index 0000000000..f3779473e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/package/rpi-firmware/mkknlimg
@@ -0,0 +1,227 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env perl
+#
+# Originaly from: https://github.com/raspberrypi/tools/blob/master/mkimage/mkknlimg
+# Original cset : 92a2df13b887f4799554bf92c4fc78d53668c868
+
+use strict;
+use integer;
+
+my $trailer_magic = 'RPTL';
+
+my $tmpfile1 = "/tmp/mkknlimg_$$.1";
+my $tmpfile2 = "/tmp/mkknlimg_$$.2";
+
+my $dtok = 0;
+
+while ($ARGV[0] =~ /^-/)
+{
+ my $arg = shift(@ARGV);
+ if ($arg eq '--dtok')
+ {
+ $dtok = 1;
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ print ("* Unknown option '$arg'\n");
+ usage();
+ }
+}
+
+usage() if (@ARGV != 2);
+
+my $kernel_file = $ARGV[0];
+my $out_file = $ARGV[1];
+
+my @wanted_config_lines =
+(
+ 'CONFIG_BCM2708_DT'
+);
+
+my @wanted_strings =
+(
+ 'bcm2708_fb',
+ 'brcm,bcm2708-pinctrl',
+ 'brcm,bcm2835-gpio',
+ 'of_find_property'
+);
+
+my $res = try_extract($kernel_file, $tmpfile1);
+
+$res = try_decompress('\037\213\010', 'xy', 'gunzip', 0,
+ $kernel_file, $tmpfile1, $tmpfile2) if (!$res);
+$res = try_decompress('\3757zXZ\000', 'abcde', 'unxz --single-stream', -1,
+ $kernel_file, $tmpfile1, $tmpfile2) if (!$res);
+$res = try_decompress('BZh', 'xy', 'bunzip2', 0,
+ $kernel_file, $tmpfile1, $tmpfile2) if (!$res);
+$res = try_decompress('\135\0\0\0', 'xxx', 'unlzma', 0,
+ $kernel_file, $tmpfile1, $tmpfile2) if (!$res);
+$res = try_decompress('\211\114\132', 'xy', 'lzop -d', 0,
+ $kernel_file, $tmpfile1, $tmpfile2) if (!$res);
+
+my $append_trailer;
+my $trailer;
+
+if ($res)
+{
+ print("Version: $res->{''}\n");
+
+ $append_trailer = $dtok;
+ if (!$dtok)
+ {
+ if (config_bool($res, 'bcm2708_fb'))
+ {
+ $dtok ||= config_bool($res, 'CONFIG_BCM2708_DT');
+ $dtok ||= config_bool($res, 'brcm,bcm2708-pinctrl');
+ $dtok ||= config_bool($res, 'brcm,bcm2835-gpio');
+ $append_trailer = 1;
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ print ("* This doesn't look like a Raspberry Pi kernel. In pass-through mode.\n");
+ }
+ }
+}
+else
+{
+ print ("* Is this a valid kernel? In pass-through mode.\n");
+}
+
+if ($append_trailer)
+{
+ printf("DT: %s\n", $dtok ? "y" : "n");
+
+ my @atoms;
+
+ push @atoms, [ $trailer_magic, pack('V', 0) ];
+ push @atoms, [ 'KVer', $res->{''} ];
+ push @atoms, [ 'DTOK', pack('V', $dtok) ];
+
+ $trailer = pack_trailer(\@atoms);
+ $atoms[0]->[1] = pack('V', length($trailer));
+
+ $trailer = pack_trailer(\@atoms);
+}
+
+die "* Failed to open '$kernel_file'\n" if (!open(my $ifh, '<', $kernel_file));
+die "* Failed to create '$out_file'\n" if (!open(my $ofh, '>', $out_file));
+
+my $copybuf;
+my $total_len = 0;
+while (1)
+{
+ my $bytes = sysread($ifh, $copybuf, 64*1024);
+ last if (!$bytes);
+ syswrite($ofh, $copybuf, $bytes);
+ $total_len += $bytes;
+}
+
+if ($trailer)
+{
+ # Pad to word-alignment
+ syswrite($ofh, "\x000\x000\x000", (-$total_len & 0x3));
+ syswrite($ofh, $trailer);
+}
+
+close($ifh);
+close($ofh);
+
+exit($trailer ? 0 : 1);
+
+END {
+ unlink($tmpfile1) if ($tmpfile1);
+ unlink($tmpfile2) if ($tmpfile2);
+}
+
+
+sub usage
+{
+ print ("Usage: mkknlimg [--dtok] <vmlinux|zImage|bzImage> <outfile>\n");
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+sub try_extract
+{
+ my ($knl, $tmp) = @_;
+
+ my $ver = `strings "$knl" | grep -a -E "^Linux version [1-9]"`;
+
+ return undef if (!$ver);
+
+ chomp($ver);
+
+ my $res = { ''=>$ver };
+ my $string_pattern = '^('.join('|', @wanted_strings).')$';
+
+ my @matches = `strings \"$knl\" | grep -E \"$string_pattern\"`;
+ foreach my $match (@matches)
+ {
+ chomp($match);
+ $res->{$match} = 1;
+ }
+
+ my $config_pattern = '^('.join('|', @wanted_config_lines).')=(.*)$';
+ my $cf1 = 'IKCFG_ST\037\213\010';
+ my $cf2 = '0123456789';
+
+ my $pos = `tr "$cf1\n$cf2" "\n$cf2=" < "$knl" | grep -abo "^$cf2"`;
+ if ($pos)
+ {
+ $pos =~ s/:.*[\r\n]*$//s;
+ $pos += 8;
+ my $err = (system("tail -c+$pos \"$knl\" | zcat > $tmp 2> /dev/null") >> 8);
+ if (($err == 0) || ($err == 2))
+ {
+ if (open(my $fh, '<', $tmp))
+ {
+ while (my $line = <$fh>)
+ {
+ chomp($line);
+ $res->{$1} = $2 if ($line =~ /$config_pattern/);
+ }
+
+ close($fh);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ return $res;
+}
+
+
+sub try_decompress
+{
+ my ($magic, $subst, $zcat, $idx, $knl, $tmp1, $tmp2) = @_;
+
+ my $pos = `tr "$magic\n$subst" "\n$subst=" < "$knl" | grep -abo "^$subst"`;
+ if ($pos)
+ {
+ chomp($pos);
+ $pos = (split(/[\r\n]+/, $pos))[$idx];
+ $pos =~ s/:.*[\r\n]*$//s;
+ my $cmd = "tail -c+$pos \"$knl\" | $zcat > $tmp2 2> /dev/null";
+ my $err = (system($cmd) >> 8);
+ return undef if (($err != 0) && ($err != 2));
+
+ return try_extract($tmp2, $tmp1);
+ }
+
+ return undef;
+}
+
+sub pack_trailer
+{
+ my ($atoms) = @_;
+ my $trailer = pack('VV', 0, 0);
+ for (my $i = $#$atoms; $i>=0; $i--)
+ {
+ my $atom = $atoms->[$i];
+ $trailer .= pack('a*x!4Va4', $atom->[1], length($atom->[1]), $atom->[0]);
+ }
+ return $trailer;
+}
+
+sub config_bool
+{
+ my ($configs, $wanted) = @_;
+ return (($configs->{$wanted} eq 'y') || ($configs->{$wanted} eq '1'));
+}
diff --git a/package/rpi-firmware/rpi-firmware.mk b/package/rpi-firmware/rpi-firmware.mk
index 571a546912..eb835ee797 100644
--- a/package/rpi-firmware/rpi-firmware.mk
+++ b/package/rpi-firmware/rpi-firmware.mk
@@ -19,4 +19,14 @@ define RPI_FIRMWARE_INSTALL_IMAGES_CMDS
$(INSTALL) -D -m 0644 package/rpi-firmware/cmdline.txt $(BINARIES_DIR)/rpi-firmware/cmdline.txt
endef
+# We have no host sources to get, since we already
+# bundle the script we want to install.
+HOST_RPI_FIRMWARE_SOURCE =
+HOST_RPI_FIRMWARE_DEPENDENCIES =
+
+define HOST_RPI_FIRMWARE_INSTALL_CMDS
+ $(INSTALL) -D -m 0755 package/rpi-firmware/mkknlimg $(HOST_DIR)/usr/bin/mkknlimg
+endef
+
$(eval $(generic-package))
+$(eval $(host-generic-package))