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authorGravatar Yann E. MORIN <yann.morin.1998@free.fr>2014-08-03 19:53:34 +0200
committerGravatar Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>2014-08-04 20:12:24 +0200
commitb5a9470bdfeccb50170d279aedc541a2c665770c (patch)
treee186305a4d68ea9e16754dd3ab098bebaa14185e /support
parent79c77a6e7fdf162e5609d46b00c99a7d177a381b (diff)
downloadbuildroot-b5a9470bdfeccb50170d279aedc541a2c665770c.tar.gz
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support/download: add download wrapper
The download wrapper is responsible for ensuring the atomicity of saving into $(BR2_DL_DIR). It calls the appropriate download helper, telling it to save the downloaded content to a temporary file in $(BUILD_DIR) (so it does not clutter $(BR2_DL_DIR) with partial, failed downloads. Then, only if the download helper was successful, does the wrapper save the downloaded content to the final location, yet still in a temporary file, and finally atomically renames it to the final output file. Signed-off-by: "Yann E. MORIN" <yann.morin.1998@free.fr> Reviewed-by: Thomas De Schampheleire <thomas.de.schampheleire@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'support')
-rwxr-xr-xsupport/download/wrapper99
1 files changed, 99 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/support/download/wrapper b/support/download/wrapper
new file mode 100755
index 0000000000..8ae2797d65
--- /dev/null
+++ b/support/download/wrapper
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+
+# This script is a wrapper to the other download helpers.
+# Its role is to ensure atomicity when saving downloaded files
+# back to BR2_DL_DIR, and not clutter BR2_DL_DIR with partial,
+# failed downloads.
+#
+# Call it with:
+# $1: name of the helper (eg. cvs, git, cp...)
+# $2: full path to the file in which to save the download
+# $*: additional arguments to the helper in $1
+# Environment:
+# BUILD_DIR: the path to Buildroot's build dir
+
+# To avoid cluttering BR2_DL_DIR, we download to a trashable
+# location, namely in $(BUILD_DIR).
+# Then, we move the downloaded file to a temporary file in the
+# same directory as the final output file.
+# This allows us to finally atomically rename it to its final
+# name.
+# If anything goes wrong, we just remove all the temporaries
+# created so far.
+
+# We want to catch any unexpected failure, and exit immediately.
+set -e
+
+helper="${1}"
+output="${2}"
+shift 2
+
+# tmpd is a temporary directory in which helpers may store intermediate
+# by-products of the download.
+# tmpf is the file in which the helpers should put the downloaded content.
+# tmpd is located in $(BUILD_DIR), so as not to clutter the (precious)
+# $(BR2_DL_DIR)
+# We let the helpers create tmpf, so they are able to set whatever
+# permission bits they want (although we're only really interested in
+# the executable bit.)
+tmpd="$( mktemp -d "${BUILD_DIR}/.${output##*/}.XXXXXX" )"
+tmpf="${tmpd}/output"
+
+# Helpers expect to run in a directory that is *really* trashable, so
+# they are free to create whatever files and/or sub-dirs they might need.
+# Doing the 'cd' here rather than in all helpers is easier.
+cd "${tmpd}"
+
+# If the helper fails, we can just remove the temporary directory to
+# remove all the cruft it may have left behind. Then we just exit in
+# error too.
+if ! "${OLDPWD}/support/download/${helper}" "${tmpf}" "${@}"; then
+ rm -rf "${tmpd}"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+# cd back to free the temp-dir, so we can remove it later
+cd "${OLDPWD}"
+
+# tmp_output is in the same directory as the final output, so we can
+# later move it atomically.
+tmp_output="$( mktemp "${output}.XXXXXX" )"
+
+# 'mktemp' creates files with 'go=-rwx', so the files are not accessible
+# to users other than the one doing the download (and root, of course).
+# This can be problematic when a shared BR2_DL_DIR is used by different
+# users (e.g. on a build server), where all users may write to the shared
+# location, since other users would not be allowed to read the files
+# another user downloaded.
+# So, we restore the 'go' access rights to a more sensible value, while
+# still abiding by the current user's umask. We must do that before the
+# final 'mv', so just do it now.
+# Some helpers (cp and scp) may create executable files, so we need to
+# carry the executable bit if needed.
+[ -x "${tmpf}" ] && new_mode=755 || new_mode=644
+new_mode=$( printf "%04o" $((0${new_mode} & ~0$(umask))) )
+chmod ${new_mode} "${tmp_output}"
+
+# We must *not* unlink tmp_output, otherwise there is a small window
+# during which another download process may create the same tmp_output
+# name (very, very unlikely; but not impossible.)
+# Using 'cp' is not reliable, since 'cp' may unlink the destination file
+# if it is unable to open it with O_WRONLY|O_TRUNC; see:
+# http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/cp.html
+# Since the destination filesystem can be anything, it might not support
+# O_TRUNC, so 'cp' would unlink it first.
+# Use 'cat' and append-redirection '>>' to save to the final location,
+# since that is the only way we can be 100% sure of the behaviour.
+if ! cat "${tmpf}" >>"${tmp_output}"; then
+ rm -rf "${tmpd}" "${tmp_output}"
+ exit 1
+fi
+rm -rf "${tmpd}"
+# tmp_output and output are on the same filesystem, so POSIX guarantees
+# that 'mv' is atomic, because it then uses rename() that POSIX mandates
+# to be atomic, see:
+# http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/functions/rename.html
+if ! mv "${tmp_output}" "${output}"; then
+ rm -f "${tmp_output}"
+ exit 1
+fi