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#!/usr/bin/python

# Usage (the graphviz package must be installed in your distribution)
#  ./support/scripts/graph-depends [-p package-name] > test.dot
#  dot -Tpdf test.dot -o test.pdf
#
# With no arguments, graph-depends will draw a complete graph of
# dependencies for the current configuration.
# If '-p <package-name>' is specified, graph-depends will draw a graph
# of dependencies for the given package name.
# If '-d <depth>' is specified, graph-depends will limit the depth of
# the dependency graph to 'depth' levels.
#
# Limitations
#
#  * Some packages have dependencies that depend on the Buildroot
#    configuration. For example, many packages have a dependency on
#    openssl if openssl has been enabled. This tool will graph the
#    dependencies as they are with the current Buildroot
#    configuration.
#
# Copyright (C) 2010-2013 Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com>

import sys
import subprocess
import argparse
from fnmatch import fnmatch

# Modes of operation:
MODE_FULL = 1   # draw full dependency graph for all selected packages
MODE_PKG  = 2   # draw dependency graph for a given package
mode = 0

# Limit drawing the dependency graph to this depth. 0 means 'no limit'.
max_depth = 0

# Whether to draw the transitive dependencies
transitive = True

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Graph packages dependencies")
parser.add_argument("--check-only", "-C", dest="check_only", action="store_true", default=False,
                    help="Only do the dependency checks (circular deps...)")
parser.add_argument("--outfile", "-o", metavar="OUT_FILE", dest="outfile",
                    help="File in which to generate the dot representation")
parser.add_argument("--package", '-p', metavar="PACKAGE",
                    help="Graph the dependencies of PACKAGE")
parser.add_argument("--depth", '-d', metavar="DEPTH", dest="depth", type=int, default=0,
                    help="Limit the dependency graph to DEPTH levels; 0 means no limit.")
parser.add_argument("--stop-on", "-s", metavar="PACKAGE", dest="stop_list", action="append",
                    help="Do not graph past this package (can be given multiple times)." \
                       + " Can be a package name or a glob, " \
                       + " 'virtual' to stop on virtual packages, or " \
                       + "'host' to stop on host packages.")
parser.add_argument("--exclude", "-x", metavar="PACKAGE", dest="exclude_list", action="append",
                    help="Like --stop-on, but do not add PACKAGE to the graph.")
parser.add_argument("--colours", "-c", metavar="COLOR_LIST", dest="colours",
                    default="lightblue,grey,gainsboro",
                    help="Comma-separated list of the three colours to use" \
                       + " to draw the top-level package, the target" \
                       + " packages, and the host packages, in this order." \
                       + " Defaults to: 'lightblue,grey,gainsboro'")
parser.add_argument("--transitive", dest="transitive", action='store_true',
                    default=False)
parser.add_argument("--no-transitive", dest="transitive", action='store_false',
                    help="Draw (do not draw) transitive dependencies")
args = parser.parse_args()

check_only = args.check_only

if args.outfile is None:
    outfile = sys.stdout
else:
    if check_only:
        sys.stderr.write("don't specify outfile and check-only at the same time\n")
        sys.exit(1)
    outfile = open(args.outfile, "wb")

if args.package is None:
    mode = MODE_FULL
else:
    mode = MODE_PKG
    rootpkg = args.package

max_depth = args.depth

if args.stop_list is None:
    stop_list = []
else:
    stop_list = args.stop_list

if args.exclude_list is None:
    exclude_list = []
else:
    exclude_list = args.exclude_list

transitive = args.transitive

# Get the colours: we need exactly three colours,
# so no need not split more than 4
# We'll let 'dot' validate the colours...
colours = args.colours.split(',',4)
if len(colours) != 3:
    sys.stderr.write("Error: incorrect colour list '%s'\n" % args.colours)
    sys.exit(1)
root_colour = colours[0]
target_colour = colours[1]
host_colour = colours[2]

allpkgs = []

# Execute the "make <pkg>-show-version" command to get the version of a given
# list of packages, and return the version formatted as a Python dictionary.
def get_version(pkgs):
    sys.stderr.write("Getting version for %s\n" % pkgs)
    cmd = ["make", "-s", "--no-print-directory" ]
    for pkg in pkgs:
        cmd.append("%s-show-version" % pkg)
    p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, universal_newlines=True)
    output = p.communicate()[0]
    if p.returncode != 0:
        sys.stderr.write("Error getting version %s\n" % pkgs)
        sys.exit(1)
    output = output.split("\n")
    if len(output) != len(pkgs) + 1:
        sys.stderr.write("Error getting version\n")
        sys.exit(1)
    version = {}
    for i in range(0, len(pkgs)):
        pkg = pkgs[i]
        version[pkg] = output[i]
    return version

# Execute the "make show-targets" command to get the list of the main
# Buildroot PACKAGES and return it formatted as a Python list. This
# list is used as the starting point for full dependency graphs
def get_targets():
    sys.stderr.write("Getting targets\n")
    cmd = ["make", "-s", "--no-print-directory", "show-targets"]
    p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, universal_newlines=True)
    output = p.communicate()[0].strip()
    if p.returncode != 0:
        return None
    if output == '':
        return []
    return output.split(' ')

# Execute the "make <pkg>-show-depends" command to get the list of
# dependencies of a given list of packages, and return the list of
# dependencies formatted as a Python dictionary.
def get_depends(pkgs):
    sys.stderr.write("Getting dependencies for %s\n" % pkgs)
    cmd = ["make", "-s", "--no-print-directory" ]
    for pkg in pkgs:
        cmd.append("%s-show-depends" % pkg)
    p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, universal_newlines=True)
    output = p.communicate()[0]
    if p.returncode != 0:
        sys.stderr.write("Error getting dependencies %s\n" % pkgs)
        sys.exit(1)
    output = output.split("\n")
    if len(output) != len(pkgs) + 1:
        sys.stderr.write("Error getting dependencies\n")
        sys.exit(1)
    deps = {}
    for i in range(0, len(pkgs)):
        pkg = pkgs[i]
        pkg_deps = output[i].split(" ")
        if pkg_deps == ['']:
            deps[pkg] = []
        else:
            deps[pkg] = pkg_deps
    return deps

# Recursive function that builds the tree of dependencies for a given
# list of packages. The dependencies are built in a list called
# 'dependencies', which contains tuples of the form (pkg1 ->
# pkg2_on_which_pkg1_depends, pkg3 -> pkg4_on_which_pkg3_depends) and
# the function finally returns this list.
def get_all_depends(pkgs):
    dependencies = []

    # Filter the packages for which we already have the dependencies
    filtered_pkgs = []
    for pkg in pkgs:
        if pkg in allpkgs:
            continue
        filtered_pkgs.append(pkg)
        allpkgs.append(pkg)

    if len(filtered_pkgs) == 0:
        return []

    depends = get_depends(filtered_pkgs)

    deps = set()
    for pkg in filtered_pkgs:
        pkg_deps = depends[pkg]

        # This package has no dependency.
        if pkg_deps == []:
            continue

        # Add dependencies to the list of dependencies
        for dep in pkg_deps:
            dependencies.append((pkg, dep))
            deps.add(dep)

    if len(deps) != 0:
        newdeps = get_all_depends(deps)
        if newdeps is not None:
            dependencies += newdeps

    return dependencies

# The Graphviz "dot" utility doesn't like dashes in node names. So for
# node names, we strip all dashes.
def pkg_node_name(pkg):
    return pkg.replace("-","")

TARGET_EXCEPTIONS = [
    "target-finalize",
    "target-post-image",
]

# In full mode, start with the result of get_targets() to get the main
# targets and then use get_all_depends() for all targets
if mode == MODE_FULL:
    targets = get_targets()
    dependencies = []
    allpkgs.append('all')
    filtered_targets = []
    for tg in targets:
        # Skip uninteresting targets
        if tg in TARGET_EXCEPTIONS:
            continue
        dependencies.append(('all', tg))
        filtered_targets.append(tg)
    deps = get_all_depends(filtered_targets)
    if deps is not None:
        dependencies += deps
    rootpkg = 'all'

# In pkg mode, start directly with get_all_depends() on the requested
# package
elif mode == MODE_PKG:
    dependencies = get_all_depends([rootpkg])

# Make the dependencies a dictionnary { 'pkg':[dep1, dep2, ...] }
dict_deps = {}
for dep in dependencies:
    if dep[0] not in dict_deps:
        dict_deps[dep[0]] = []
    dict_deps[dep[0]].append(dep[1])

# Basic cache for the results of the is_dep() function, in order to
# optimize the execution time. The cache is a dict of dict of boolean
# values. The key to the primary dict is "pkg", and the key of the
# sub-dicts is "pkg2".
is_dep_cache = {}

def is_dep_cache_insert(pkg, pkg2, val):
    try:
        is_dep_cache[pkg].update({pkg2: val})
    except KeyError:
        is_dep_cache[pkg] = {pkg2: val}

# Retrieves from the cache whether pkg2 is a transitive dependency
# of pkg.
# Note: raises a KeyError exception if the dependency is not known.
def is_dep_cache_lookup(pkg, pkg2):
    return is_dep_cache[pkg][pkg2]

# This function return True if pkg is a dependency (direct or
# transitive) of pkg2, dependencies being listed in the deps
# dictionary. Returns False otherwise.
# This is the un-cached version.
def is_dep_uncached(pkg,pkg2,deps):
    try:
        for p in deps[pkg2]:
            if pkg == p:
                return True
            if is_dep(pkg,p,deps):
                return True
    except KeyError:
        pass
    return False

# See is_dep_uncached() above; this is the cached version.
def is_dep(pkg,pkg2,deps):
    try:
        return is_dep_cache_lookup(pkg, pkg2)
    except KeyError:
        val = is_dep_uncached(pkg, pkg2, deps)
        is_dep_cache_insert(pkg, pkg2, val)
        return val

# This function eliminates transitive dependencies; for example, given
# these dependency chain: A->{B,C} and B->{C}, the A->{C} dependency is
# already covered by B->{C}, so C is a transitive dependency of A, via B.
# The functions does:
#   - for each dependency d[i] of the package pkg
#     - if d[i] is a dependency of any of the other dependencies d[j]
#       - do not keep d[i]
#     - otherwise keep d[i]
def remove_transitive_deps(pkg,deps):
    d = deps[pkg]
    new_d = []
    for i in range(len(d)):
        keep_me = True
        for j in range(len(d)):
            if j==i:
                continue
            if is_dep(d[i],d[j],deps):
                keep_me = False
        if keep_me:
            new_d.append(d[i])
    return new_d

# This function removes the dependency on some 'mandatory' package, like the
# 'toolchain' package, or the 'skeleton' package
def remove_mandatory_deps(pkg,deps):
    return [p for p in deps[pkg] if p not in ['toolchain', 'skeleton']]

# This function will check that there is no loop in the dependency chain
# As a side effect, it builds up the dependency cache.
def check_circular_deps(deps):
    def recurse(pkg):
        if not pkg in list(deps.keys()):
            return
        if pkg in not_loop:
            return
        not_loop.append(pkg)
        chain.append(pkg)
        for p in deps[pkg]:
            if p in chain:
                sys.stderr.write("\nRecursion detected for  : %s\n" % (p))
                while True:
                    _p = chain.pop()
                    sys.stderr.write("which is a dependency of: %s\n" % (_p))
                    if p == _p:
                        sys.exit(1)
            recurse(p)
        chain.pop()

    not_loop = []
    chain = []
    for pkg in list(deps.keys()):
        recurse(pkg)

# This functions trims down the dependency list of all packages.
# It applies in sequence all the dependency-elimination methods.
def remove_extra_deps(deps):
    for pkg in list(deps.keys()):
        if not pkg == 'all':
            deps[pkg] = remove_mandatory_deps(pkg,deps)
    for pkg in list(deps.keys()):
        if not transitive or pkg == 'all':
            deps[pkg] = remove_transitive_deps(pkg,deps)
    return deps

check_circular_deps(dict_deps)
if check_only:
    sys.exit(0)

dict_deps = remove_extra_deps(dict_deps)
dict_version = get_version([pkg for pkg in allpkgs
                                if pkg != "all" and not pkg.startswith("root")])

# Print the attributes of a node: label and fill-color
def print_attrs(pkg):
    name = pkg_node_name(pkg)
    if pkg == 'all':
        label = 'ALL'
    else:
        label = pkg
    if pkg == 'all' or (mode == MODE_PKG and pkg == rootpkg):
        color = root_colour
    else:
        if pkg.startswith('host') \
        or pkg.startswith('toolchain') \
        or pkg.startswith('rootfs'):
            color = host_colour
        else:
            color = target_colour
    version = dict_version.get(pkg)
    if version == "virtual":
        outfile.write("%s [label = <<I>%s</I>>]\n" % (name, label))
    else:
        outfile.write("%s [label = \"%s\"]\n" % (name, label))
    outfile.write("%s [color=%s,style=filled]\n" % (name, color))

# Print the dependency graph of a package
def print_pkg_deps(depth, pkg):
    if pkg in done_deps:
        return
    done_deps.append(pkg)
    print_attrs(pkg)
    if pkg not in dict_deps:
        return
    for p in stop_list:
        if fnmatch(pkg, p):
            return
    if dict_version.get(pkg) == "virtual" and "virtual" in stop_list:
        return
    if pkg.startswith("host-") and "host" in stop_list:
        return
    if max_depth == 0 or depth < max_depth:
        for d in dict_deps[pkg]:
            if dict_version.get(d) == "virtual" \
               and "virtual" in exclude_list:
                continue
            if d.startswith("host-") \
               and "host" in exclude_list:
                continue
            add = True
            for p in exclude_list:
                if fnmatch(d,p):
                    add = False
                    break
            if add:
                outfile.write("%s -> %s\n" % (pkg_node_name(pkg), pkg_node_name(d)))
                print_pkg_deps(depth+1, d)

# Start printing the graph data
outfile.write("digraph G {\n")

done_deps = []
print_pkg_deps(0, rootpkg)

outfile.write("}\n")